Peter Ungar
Program Director
216 Ozark Hall

Environmental Dynamics Website

Degree Conferred:
Ph.D. (ENDY)

Program Description: The Environmental Dynamics faculty prepare program graduates to enter the workforce as leaders in the global effort to understand and manage climate change and human responses to it. Environmental Dynamics students can learn from nearly 100 affiliated faculty members and make use of state-of-the-art research facilities and laboratories on our campus. Our approach is interdisciplinary and allows students to work across departments and colleges to gain the tools needed to address today’s most pressing environmental issues. The Environmental Dynamics program’s focus is unique and two-tiered, providing students with a deep-time perspective, which gives human-environmental interactions context, and sustainability, which gives them relevance. This approach benefits all Environmental Dynamics students and prepares them to meet the challenges of employment that doctoral degree-holding professionals face in today’s world.

Primary Areas of Faculty Research: Interdisciplinary research activities among faculty participating in the ENDY program are very broad, though particular areas of strength are found in dendrochronology and paleoclimatology; watershed and water resource sciences; geosciences (geomorphology, geodynamics, geodesy, geoinformatics and geospatial applications); anthropology; soil sciences; sustainability issues; ecology, ecological change, environmental pollution and land use change; and impacts of natural hazards. In addition, many research activities involve strong components of social sciences, economics and sustainable development. Interested individuals are encouraged to contact the ENDY program or participating faculty to obtain additional information related to specific research projects and possible participation.

Ph.D. in Environmental Dynamics

Requirements for Admission: Applicants should hold a master’s degree in an environmental field such as anthropology; geography; geology; biological sciences; crop, soil and environmental sciences; environmental engineering; or in a social science field with an environmental focus (e.g. environmental economics, environmental policy, environmental sociology). Further, these students will be required to have at least a 3.20 GPA in graduate courses and strong scores on all components of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). Applicants without the master’s degree but with exceptionally strong qualifications may be admitted directly into the ENDY program but must complete the master’s requirements. Admission into the program will be by committee evaluation. In addition to fulfilling the requirements for admission to the Graduate School, applicants must also supply the following materials:

  1. Three recommendations from individuals familiar with the applicant’s academic or work history who can give candid assessments of the applicant’s ability to perform at the Ph.D. level.
  2. A three-page Statement of Purpose outlining the applicant’s plans for the ENDY degree program that includes relevance of previous academic or work experience, current research interests or employment that bear on doctoral research, special skills, fieldwork experience, familiarity with interdisciplinary work (if any), and future career goals.
  3. An example of the applicant’s writing such as a publication reprint, report, major term paper, undergraduate honors thesis, chapter from M.A./M.S. thesis, or similar document that demonstrates the applicant’s organizational skills, research ability, familiarity with a body of literature, ability to report clearly on an academic topic, and/or general writing skills.
  4. TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) and TSE (Test of Spoken English) scores for international students whose native language is not English.
  5. GRE scores and other relevant information that would assist the Admissions Committee in selecting applicants to the program.

Requirements for the Degree: During the first semester of study, all students will be assigned an advisory committee to determine the student’s particular program of study. Students are required to integrate both environmental and human components into their Ph.D. coursework and dissertation research. The advisory committee will determine the courses required and assist the student in balancing courses among disciplines.

Students become candidates for the doctorate only upon passing written and oral comprehensive exams. The examination must be passed at least nine months before graduation.

Each candidate must complete a doctoral dissertation on a topic determined through collaboration with a major professor and dissertation committee. This dissertation must be a scholarly and significant original contribution to knowledge within the field of Environmental Dynamics.

A final oral examination is required and must be taken at least two weeks before graduation. The examination will be concerned primarily with the candidate’s dissertation but may include other aspects of the graduate work.

Individually tailored programs of study will be designed with the expectation that the student will complete a minimum of 24 hours of course work beyond the master’s level, to include four required courses

ENDY/GEOS 5113Global Change3
ENDY 6013Environmental Dynamics3
ENDY/ANTH/GEOS 5053Quaternary Environments3
ENDY/ANTH 6033Society and Environment3

In addition, students are required to take three semesters of ENDY 6991 Environmental Dynamics Colloquium and 18 hours of dissertation research are required.

Students should also be aware of Graduate School requirements with regard to doctoral degrees.


Aly, Mohamed H., Ph.D. (Texas A&M), M.S., B.S. (Zagazig University), Assistant Professor, Department of Geosciences, 2013.
Arnold, Mark E., Ph.D., B.S. (Northern Illinois University), A.S. (Rock Valley College), Associate Professor, Department of Mathematical Sciences, 1993.


Beaupre, Steven J., Ph.D. (University of Pennsylvania), M.S., B.S. (University of Wisconsin), Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, 1995.
Brye, Kristofor R., Ph.D., M.S. (University of Wisconsin-Madison), B.S. (University of Wisconsin–Stevens Point), Professor, Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences, 2001.


Coffey, Ken, Ph.D. (University of Missouri-Columbia), M.S. (University of Kentucky), B.S. (University of Tennessee), Professor, Department of Animal Science, 1996.
Cothren, Jackson David, Ph.D., M.S. (The Ohio State University), B.S. (United States Air Force Academy), Associate Professor, Department of Geosciences, 2002.
Covington, Matthew D., Ph.D. (University of California-Santa Cruz), B.S. (University of Arkansas), Assistant Professor, Department of Geosciences, 2012.


Davidson, Fiona M., Ph.D., M.A. (University of Nebraska-Lincoln), B.A. (Newcastle Upon Tyne Polytechnic), Associate Professor, Department of Geosciences, 1992.
Davis, Ralph K., Ph.D., M.S., B.S. (University of Nebraska, Lincoln), Professor, Department of Geosciences, 1994.
Dumond, Gregory, Ph.D. (University of Massachusetts), M.S. (Texas Tech University), B.S. (University of Texas El Paso), Assistant Professor, Department of Geosciences, 2010.


Feng, Song, Ph.D., M.S. (Chinese Academy of Sciences), B.S. (Yunnan University), Assistant Professor, Department of Geosciences, 2013.
Fitzpatrick, Kevin M., Ph.D. (State University of New York at Albany), M.A. (University of South Carolina at Columbia), B.A. (Susquehanna University), University Professor, Department of Sociology and Criminology, 2005.


Gordon, Joel Samuel, Ph.D. (University of Michigan-Ann Arbor), B.A. (University of Illinois), Professor, Department of History, 1999.


Hays, Phil, Ph.D., M.S. (Texas A&M University), B.S. (University of Arkansas), Associate Professor, Department of Geosciences, 2000.


Kay, Marvin, Ph.D. (University of Colorado-Boulder), M.A., B.A. (University of Missouri-Columbia), Professor, Department of Anthropology, 1980.
Kvamme, Kenneth L., Ph.D. (University of California-Santa Barbara), M.A., B.A. (Colorado State University), Professor, Department of Anthropology, 1999.


Limp, Fred, Ph.D., M.A., B.A. (Indiana University at Bloomington), University Professor, Department of Geosciences, 1979.
Liner, Christopher L., Ph.D. (Colorado School of Mines), M.S. (University of Tulsa), B.S. (University of Arkansas), Professor, Department of Geosciences, 2012.


McComas, William, Ph.D. (University of Iowa), M.S. (West Chester University of Pennsylvania), B.S. (Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania), Distinguished Professor, Department of Curriculum and Instruction, 2006.
Messadi, Tahar, Ed.D., M.Arch. (University of Michigan-Ann Arbor), B.Arch. (Universite de Constantine, Algeria), Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, 2003.
Miller, David M., Ph.D. (University of Georgia), M.S., B.S. (Purdue University), Professor, Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences, 1988.


Nalley, Lawton Lanier, Ph.D. (Kansas State University), M.S. (Mississippi State University), B.S. (The Ohio State University), Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, 2008.
Nolan, Justin Murphy, Ph.D., M.A. (University of Missouri-Columbia), B.A. (Westminster College), Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology, 2002.


Petris, Giovanni, Ph.D., M.S. (Duke University), B.S. (Universita degli Studi di Milano, Italy), Professor, Department of Mathematical Sciences, 1999.
Plavcan, Joseph M., Ph.D., B.A. (Duke University), Professor, Department of Anthropology, 2001.
Popp, Michael P., Ph.D. (Colorado State University), M.B.A. (University of Colorado-Boulder), B.Comm. (University of Manitoba), Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, 1998.
Popp, Jennie Sheerin, Ph.D., M.S. (Colorado State University), B.S. (University of Scranton), Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, 1998.
Potra, Adriana, Ph.D. (Florida International University), M.S., B.S. (University of Babes-Bolyai, Romania), Assistant Professor, Department of Geosciences, 2012.


Rom, Curt R., Ph.D., M.S. (The Ohio State University), B.S. (University of Arkansas), University Professor, Department of Horticulture, 1989.
Rose, Jerry, Ph.D., M.A. (University of Massachusetts), B.A. (University of Colorado), University Professor, Department of Anthropology, 1976.


Schwab, Bill, Ph.D., M.A. (The Ohio State University), M.A. (University of Akron), B.A. (Miami University), University Professor, Department of Sociology and Criminology, 1976.
Smith, Carl Alan, Ph.D., M.A. (University of Sheffield), B.Sc. (University of Lancaster), Associate Professor, Department of Landscape Architecture, 2008.
Stahle, David William, Ph.D. (Arizona State University), M.A. (University of Arkansas), B.A. (University of Arizona), Distinguished Professor, Department of Geosciences, 1982.
Suarez, Celina A., Ph.D. (University of Kansas), M.S. (Temple University), B.S. (Trinity University), Assistant Professor, Department of Geosciences, 2012.
Swedenburg, Ted R., Ph.D., M.A., (University of Texas at Austin), B.A. (University of Beirut), Professor, Department of Anthropology, 1996.


Ungar, Peter S., Ph.D., M.A. (State University of New York at Stony Brook), B.A. (State University of New York, Binghampton), Distinguished Professor, Department of Anthropology, 1995.


West, Elliott, Ph.D., M.A. (University of Colorado-Boulder), B.A. (University of Texas, Austin), Alumni Distinguished Professor, Department of History, 1979.
Whayne, Jeannie, Ph.D., M.A., B.A. (University of California-San Diego), University Professor, Department of History, 1990.


ENDY 5043. GIS Analysis and Modeling. 3 Hours.

Unlike conventional GIS courses that focus on studying "where", this course will teach students to address beyond "where" using various GIS analysis and modeling techniques to explore "why" and "how". The course will provide theoretical and methodological reviews of the principles of cartographic modeling and multi-criteria decision-making.
This course is cross-listed with GEOS 5653, ANTH 5653.

ENDY 5053. Quaternary Environments. 3 Hours.

An interdisciplinary study of the Quaternary Period including dating methods, deposits soils, climates, tectonics and human adaptations.
This course is cross-listed with ANTH 5053, GEOS 5053.

ENDY 5113. Global Change. 3 Hours.

Examines the interacting natural and anthropogenic factors involved in global change, concentrating on climate variability and change. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or instructor's approval.
This course is cross-listed with GEOS 5113.

ENDY 5153. Environmental Site Assessment. 3 Hours.

Principles, problems, and methods related to conducting an environmental site assessment. An applied course covering field site assessment, regulatory documentation, and report preparation. Prerequisite: GEOS 4033 or GEOS 5263 (formerly GEOS 4033).
This course is cross-listed with GEOS 5153.

ENDY 5853. Environmental Isotope Geochemistry. 3 Hours.

Introduction to principles of isotope fractionation and distribution in geological environments isotopic analytical methods, and extraction of isotope samples; application of isotopes in characterization of geologic processes and interaction with hydrologic, surficial, and biologic attenuation, paleothermometry soil and biochemical processes.
This course is cross-listed with GEOS 5853.

ENDY 6013. Environmental Dynamics. 3 Hours.

Required course for ENDY doctoral candidates. Overview of Earth Systems: Lithosphere; Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, Biosphere, Cryosphere, and human interaction across Earth systems. Emphasis on understanding of processes within Earth systems and interactions across Earth Systems as they pertain to global self-regulation, secular variation, climate stability, development and sustainability of human societies. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

ENDY 6023. Seminar in Environmental Dynamics. 3 Hours.

Seminar examining specific contemporary topic of topics in Environmental Dynamics. Topics will change with each offering. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

ENDY 602V. Current Topics Seminar. 1-2 Hour.

Various aspects of the environment will be explored through topic specific seminars. Subject matter will change each semester addressing current environmental issues and research. Seminars will be one or two hours credit. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

ENDY 6033. Society and Environment. 3 Hours.

This course examines the complex interrelationships between human societies and the natural environment. Drawing on diverse and interdisciplinary perspectives in archaeology, ethnography, history, geography, and palaeo-environmental studies, readings and discussion will explore the co-production of social and environmental systems over time.
This course is cross-listed with ANTH 6033.

ENDY 689V. Special Problems in Environmental Dynamics. 1-6 Hour.

Independent study of a topic related to environmental dynamics under the guidance of an ENDY faculty member. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

ENDY 6991. Environmental Dynamics Colloquium. 1 Hour.

Weekly meetings for discussion of current research in environmental dynamics. Graduate students must register for colloquium each semester. Colloquium credit does not count towards minimum hours required for the doctorate. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

ENDY 700V. Doctoral Dissertation. 1-18 Hour.

Doctoral dissertation. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for degree credit.