Geology (GEOL)

The department of geosciences offers the Bachelor of Science degree in geology and the Bachelor of Science degree in earth science. It is emphasized that students wishing to become practicing professional geologists should hold the Bachelor of Science degree in geology at a minimum. It is further recognized that practicing professional geologists typically hold a Master of Science degree. The education of students pursuing the Bachelor of Science in earth science degree should reflect general education in the liberal arts with emphasis in geology. The goal of the program leading to the Bachelor of Science degree in geology is to provide students with a broad spectrum of the various subdisciplines of geology, while at the same time honoring an emphasis in the traditional areas of mineralogy, igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary petrology, structural geology and stratigraphic principles. This curriculum will prepare students to enter graduate programs without deficiencies at the University of Arkansas or other established programs.

Requirements for a Major in Geology leading to the B.S. Degree: In addition to the University Core requirements and the Fulbright College of Arts and Sciences Graduation Requirements, the following course requirements must be met. Bolded courses from the list below may be applied to portions of the University Core requirements.

CHEM 1103
  & CHEM 1101L
University Chemistry I (Su, Fa)
   and University Chemistry I Laboratory (Sp, Su, Fa)
4
CHEM 1123
  & CHEM 1121L
University Chemistry II (Sp, Su, Fa)
   and University Chemistry II Laboratory (Sp, Su, Fa)
4
Select one of the following:8
College Physics I (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2014 Lecture) (Su, Fa)
   and College Physics I Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2014 Lab) (Su, Fa)
   and College Physics II (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2024 Lecture) (Sp, Su)
   and College Physics II Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2024 Lab) (Su)
or
University Physics I (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2034) (Sp, Su, Fa)
   and University Physics II (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2044 Lecture) (Sp, Su, Fa)
MATH 2554Calculus I (ACTS Equivalency = MATH 2405) (Sp, Su, Fa)4
MATH 2564Calculus II (ACTS Equivalency = MATH 2505) (Sp, Su, Fa)4
Six hours in a single world language at the 1013 Elementary II level or higher. 16
Three hours of upper-level science as approved by adviser3
A minimum of 40 semester hours of GEOL, GEOG or GEOS courses to include:
GEOL 1113
  & GEOL 1111L
General Geology (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1114 Lecture) (Sp, Su, Fa)
   and General Geology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1114 Lab) (Sp, Su, Fa)
2-4
or GEOL 3002 Geology for Engineers (Fa)
GEOL 1133
  & GEOL 1131L
Environmental Geology (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1124 Lecture) (Sp)
   and Environmental Geology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1124 Lab) (Sp)
4
GEOL 2313Mineralogy and Petrology (Fa)3
GEOG 3383Principles of Landscape Evolution (Fa)3
GEOL 3413Sedimentary Rocks & Fossils (Sp)3
GEOL 3514Structural Geology (Sp)4
GEOL 4223Stratigraphy and Sedimentation (Fa)3
GEOL 4063Principles of Geochemistry (Fa)3
or GEOL 4433 Geophysics (Irregular)
GEOL 4863Geological Data Analysis (Sp)3
GEOL 4924Earth System History (ACTS Equivalency = PHSC 1104) (Sp)4
GEOL 4666Geology Field Camp (Su)6
And an additional 9 hours of geology courses selected from GEOL or GEOS courses numbered 3000 or higher.9
Total Hours80-82
1

World language courses taken are dependent on placement level in sequence. NOTE: 1003, if required, usually will not count towards the 120 hours required for degree credit; see College Admission Requirements for further details.

Requirements for a Major in Geology, Geophysics Concentration leading to the B.S. Degree: In addition to the University Core requirements and the Fulbright College of Arts and Sciences Graduation Requirements, the following course requirements must be met. Bolded courses from the list below may be applied to portions of the University Core requirements.
Completion of these requirements will result in a double major in both geology and physics.
 

CHEM 1103
  & CHEM 1101L
University Chemistry I (Su, Fa)
   and University Chemistry I Laboratory (Sp, Su, Fa)
4
CHEM 1123
  & CHEM 1121L
University Chemistry II (Sp, Su, Fa)
   and University Chemistry II Laboratory (Sp, Su, Fa)
4
PHYS 2054University Physics I (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2034) (Sp, Su, Fa)4
PHYS 2074University Physics II (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2044 Lecture) (Sp, Su, Fa)4
PHYS 2094University Physics III (Fa)4
MATH 2554Calculus I (ACTS Equivalency = MATH 2405) (Sp, Su, Fa)4
MATH 2564Calculus II (ACTS Equivalency = MATH 2505) (Sp, Su, Fa)4
MATH 2574Calculus III (ACTS Equivalency = MATH 2603) (Sp, Su, Fa)4
MATH 2584Differential Equations and Laplace Transform (Sp, Su, Fa)4
A minimum of 45 semester hours of GEOL, GEOG, GEOS, or PHYS courses to include:
GEOL 1113
  & GEOL 1111L
General Geology (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1114 Lecture) (Sp, Su, Fa)
   and General Geology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1114 Lab) (Sp, Su, Fa)
2-4
or GEOL 3002 Geology for Engineers (Fa)
GEOL 2313Mineralogy and Petrology (Fa)3
GEOG 3383Principles of Landscape Evolution (Fa)3
GEOL 3413Sedimentary Rocks & Fossils (Sp)3
GEOL 3514Structural Geology (Sp)4
GEOL 4223Stratigraphy and Sedimentation (Fa)3
GEOL 4433Geophysics (Irregular)3
GEOL 4924Earth System History (ACTS Equivalency = PHSC 1104) (Sp)4
GEOL 4666Geology Field Camp (Su)6
PHYS 3113Analytical Mechanics (Fa)3
PHYS 3414Electromagnetic Theory (Sp)4
PHYS 3613Modern Physics (Sp, Su, Fa)3
PHYS 4073Introduction to Quantum Mechanics (Fa)3
PHYS 4991Physics Senior Seminar (Sp, Su, Fa)1
Total Hours81-83

Writing Requirement: A scholarly writing assignment will be included in all geology courses numbered 2000 and above. Those papers submitted in geology courses 3000 and above will fulfill the Fulbright College writing requirement. The college writing requirement may also be met by the completion of an honors thesis.

Requirements for a Minor in Geology: A minor in geology shall be awarded upon completion of the following course work:

GEOL 1113
  & GEOL 1111L
General Geology (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1114 Lecture) (Sp, Su, Fa)
   and General Geology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1114 Lab) (Sp, Su, Fa)
2-4
or GEOL 3002 Geology for Engineers (Fa)
GEOL 1133
  & GEOL 1131L
Environmental Geology (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1124 Lecture) (Sp)
   and Environmental Geology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1124 Lab) (Sp)
4
GEOL 2313Mineralogy and Petrology (Fa)3
Two Courses at the 3000-level6
One Course at the 4000-level3
Total Hours18-20

Students are advised to consult with a geology faculty member to develop the course work program that best complements their major area of study.

Requirements for Departmental Honors in Geology: The Departmental Honors Program in Geology provides upper-division undergraduate students with an opportunity to formally participate in geologic research activities. Honors candidates carry out independent study and research under the guidance of the geology faculty. Outstanding student achievement will be recognized by awarding the distinction “Geology Scholar Cum Laude” at graduation. Higher degree distinctions may be awarded to truly outstanding students based upon the whole of their academic program and quality of honors research.

Honors candidates in geology must do the following:

  1. Satisfy departmental and college requirements for a bachelor’s degree with honors,
  2. Become a candidate no later than the second semester of their junior year,
  3. Enroll in six hours of honors research GEOL 3901, GEOL 3911, GEOL 4922, GEOL 4932,
  4. Take 12 hours in Honors Studies, which may include 6 hours of thesis,
  5. Complete junior and senior honors courses GEOL 3901, GEOL 3911, GEOL 4922, GEOL 4932, and
  6. Achieve a cumulative grade-point average of 3.30 in geology courses.

Geology (B.S.) Teacher Licensure in Life/Earth Science or Physical/Earth Science Requirements:

Students wanting to teach science in middle or secondary school should consult with an adviser in the College of Education and Health Professions.

For requirements for the M.S. degree in geology, see the Graduate School Catalog.

Geology B.S.

Nine-Semester Degree Program

Students wishing to follow the nine-semester degree plan should see the University Core requirements. Core requirement hours may vary by individual, based on placement and previous credit granted. Once all core requirements are met, students may substitute a three-hour (or more) general elective in place of a core area.

This program does require a summer field camp after the junior year.

First YearUnits
FallSpringSummer
ENGL 1013 Composition I (ACTS Equivalency = ENGL 1013) (Sp, Su, Fa)3    
MATH 2554 Calculus I (ACTS Equivalency = MATH 2405) (Sp, Su, Fa)14    
GEOL 1113 General Geology (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1114 Lecture) (Sp, Su, Fa)
& GEOL 1111L General Geology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1114 Lab) (Sp, Su, Fa)
or GEOL 3002 Geology for Engineers (Fa)
2-4    
CHEM 1103 University Chemistry I (Su, Fa)
& CHEM 1101L University Chemistry I Laboratory (Sp, Su, Fa)
4    
ENGL 1023 Composition II (ACTS Equivalency = ENGL 1023) (Sp, Su, Fa)  3  
MATH 2564 Calculus II (ACTS Equivalency = MATH 2505) (Sp, Su, Fa)1  4  
GEOL 1133 Environmental Geology (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1124 Lecture) (Sp)
& GEOL 1131L Environmental Geology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1124 Lab) (Sp)
  4  
CHEM 1123 University Chemistry II (Sp, Su, Fa)
& CHEM 1121L University Chemistry II Laboratory (Sp, Su, Fa)
  4  
Year Total: 13-15 15  
 
Second YearUnits
FallSpringSummer
GEOL 2313 Mineralogy and Petrology (Fa)13    
Select one of the following:4    
PHYS 2054 University Physics I (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2034) (Sp, Su, Fa)
PHYS 2013 College Physics I (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2014 Lecture) (Su, Fa)
& PHYS 2011L College Physics I Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2014 Lab) (Su, Fa)
     
University/State Core US History Course3    
University/State Core Social Science Requirement3    
1013 Elementary II world language course (or higher, depending on placement)3    
GEOL 3413 Sedimentary Rocks & Fossils (Sp)1,2  3  
Select one of the following:  4  
PHYS 2074 University Physics II (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2044 Lecture) (Sp, Su, Fa)
PHYS 2033 College Physics II (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2024 Lecture) (Sp, Su)
& PHYS 2031L College Physics II Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2024 Lab) (Su)
     
University/State Core Fine Arts or Humanities requirement   3  
University/State Core Social Science requirement  3  
2003 Intermediate I world language course (or higher level)  3  
Year Total: 16 16  
 
Third YearUnits
FallSpringSummer
GEOG 3383 Principles of Landscape Evolution (Fa)1,23    
University/State Core Humanities or Fine Arts requirement (as needed)3    
University/State Core Social Science requirement3    
General Elective 6    
GEOL 3514 Structural Geology (Sp)  4  
GEOL 4223 Stratigraphy and Sedimentation (Fa)1,2  3  
GEOL 4863 Geological Data Analysis (Sp)1,2  3  
General Electives  3  
GEOL 4666 Geology Field Camp (Su)1,2    6
Year Total: 15 13 6
 
Fourth YearUnits
FallSpringSummer
GEOL 4063 Principles of Geochemistry (Fa)1,2
or GEOL 4433 Geophysics (Irregular)
3    
GEOL or GEOS electives numbered 3000 or above1,26    
General Elective3    
GEOL 4924 Earth System History (ACTS Equivalency = PHSC 1104) (Sp) (senior capstone course)1,2  4  
GEOL or GEOS electives numbered 3000 or above1,2  6  
General Electives (only as needed to total 120 hours)  4  
Year Total: 12 14  
 
Total Units in Sequence:   120-122
1

Meets 40-hour advanced credit hour requirement. See College Academic Regulations.

2

Meets 24-hour rule (24 hours of 3000-4000 level courses in Fulbright College), in addition to meeting the 40-hour rule. See College Academic Regulations.

Geology B.S. with Geophysics Concentration

Nine-Semester Degree Program

Students wishing to follow the nine-semester degree plan should see the University Core requirements. Core requirement hours may vary by individual, based on placement and previous credit granted. Once all core requirements are met, students may substitute a three-hour (or more) general elective in place of a core area.

First YearUnits
FallSpringSummer
ENGL 1013 Composition I (ACTS Equivalency = ENGL 1013) (Sp, Su, Fa)3    
MATH 2554 Calculus I (ACTS Equivalency = MATH 2405) (Sp, Su, Fa)14    
PHYS 2054 University Physics I (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2034) (Sp, Su, Fa)14    
CHEM 1103 University Chemistry I (Su, Fa)
& CHEM 1101L University Chemistry I Laboratory (Sp, Su, Fa)
3    
ENGL 1023 Composition II (ACTS Equivalency = ENGL 1023) (Sp, Su, Fa)  3  
PHYS 2074 University Physics II (ACTS Equivalency = PHYS 2044 Lecture) (Sp, Su, Fa)1  4  
MATH 2564 Calculus II (ACTS Equivalency = MATH 2505) (Sp, Su, Fa)1  4  
GEOL 1113 General Geology (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1114 Lecture) (Sp, Su, Fa)
& GEOL 1111L General Geology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1114 Lab) (Sp, Su, Fa)
  3  
Year Total: 14 14  
 
Second YearUnits
FallSpringSummer
PHYS 2094 University Physics III (Fa)14    
MATH 2584 Differential Equations and Laplace Transform (Sp, Su, Fa)14    
CHEM 1123 University Chemistry II (Sp, Su, Fa)
& CHEM 1121L University Chemistry II Laboratory (Sp, Su, Fa)
3    
GEOL 2313 Mineralogy and Petrology (Fa)3    
PHYS 3613 Modern Physics (Sp, Su, Fa)1,2  3  
MATH 2574 Calculus III (ACTS Equivalency = MATH 2603) (Sp, Su, Fa)1  4  
GEOL 3413 Sedimentary Rocks & Fossils (Sp)1,2  3  
University Core Social Science Requirement  3  
General Elective  1  
Year Total: 14 14  
 
Third YearUnits
FallSpringSummer
PHYS 3113 Analytical Mechanics (Fa)1,23    
GEOL 4223 Stratigraphy and Sedimentation (Fa)1,23    
GEOG 3383 Principles of Landscape Evolution (Fa)1,23    
University Core History Requirement3    
University Core Social Science Requirement3    
GEOL 3514 Structural Geology (Sp)1,2  4  
University Core Social Science Requirement  3  
General Electives  6  
GEOL 4666 Geology Field Camp (Su)    6
Year Total: 15 13 6
 
Fourth YearUnits
FallSpringSummer
PHYS 4073 Introduction to Quantum Mechanics (Fa)1,23    
GEOL 4433 Geophysics (Irregular)1,23    
University Core Humanities or Fine Arts Requirement (as needed)3    
Electives3    
PHYS 3414 Electromagnetic Theory (Sp)1,2  4  
PHYS 4991 Physics Senior Seminar (Sp, Su, Fa)1,2  1  
GEOL 4924 Earth System History (ACTS Equivalency = PHSC 1104) (Sp)1,2  4  
University Core Fine Arts or Humanities Requirement (as needed)  3  
General Electives  3  
Year Total: 12 15  
 
Total Units in Sequence:   117
1

Meets 40-hour advanced credit hour requirement. See College Academic Regulations

2

Meets 24-hour rule (24 hours of 3000-4000 level courses in Fulbright College), in addition to meeting the 40-hour rule. See College Academic Regulations

Courses

GEOL 1111L. General Geology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1114 Lab) (Sp, Su, Fa). 1 Hour.

Laboratory exercises concerning the identification of rocks and minerals, use of aerial photographs and topographic maps, and several field trips. Pre- or Corequisite: GEOL 1113.

GEOL 1111M. Honors General Geology Laboratory (Fa). 1 Hour.

Survey of geological processes and products and their relationships to landforms, natural resources, living environments, and human beings. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: GEOL 1113H.

This course is equivalent to GEOL 1111L.

GEOL 1113. General Geology (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1114 Lecture) (Sp, Su, Fa). 3 Hours.

Survey of geological processes and products, and their relationships to landforms, natural resources, living environments and human beings. Lecture 3 hours per week. GEOL 1111L is recommended as a corequisite.

GEOL 1113H. Honors General Geology (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Survey of geological processes and products and their relationships to landforms, natural resources, living environments, and human beings. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: GEOL 1111M.

This course is equivalent to GEOL 1113.

GEOL 1131L. Environmental Geology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1124 Lab) (Sp). 1 Hour.

Laboratory exercises concerning human interactions with the physical environment including the study of earthquakes, volcanoes, flooding, erosion, mass wasting, water supply and contamination, and waste disposal. Prerequisite: GEOL 1113 and GEOL 1111L.

This course is cross-listed with GEOL 1141L, GEOS 1131L.

GEOL 1133. Environmental Geology (ACTS Equivalency = GEOL 1124 Lecture) (Sp). 3 Hours.

The application of geologic principles and knowledge of problems created by human occupancy and exploitation of the physical environment. Prerequisite: GEOL 1113 and GEOL 1111L.

This course is cross-listed with GEOL 1124, GEOS 1133.

GEOL 2313. Mineralogy and Petrology (Fa). 3 Hours.

General principles of mineralogy and petrology, study and identification of common minerals, igneous & metamorphic rocks using hand samples. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: GEOL 1113.

GEOL 3002. Geology for Engineers (Fa). 2 Hours.

Geologic principles involved in construction, reservoir location, etc. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component.

GEOL 3032. Geology of Arkansas (Sp). 2 Hours.

A survey of the distribution, genesis, and age of the rocks, fossils, structures, landforms and geological processes of Arkansas. Equivalent to two hours of lecture per week. Field trips required. Prerequisite: GEOL 1113 or GEOL 1113H.

GEOL 3114. Invertebrate Paleontology (Sp). 4 Hours.

Survey of the invertebrate phyla commonly preserved as fossils emphasizing their physical and biological characteristics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: GEOL 1133 or (BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L) or equivalent.

GEOL 3313. Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks (Sp). 3 Hours.

Megascopic study and classification of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: GEOL 2313.

GEOL 3413. Sedimentary Rocks & Fossils (Sp). 3 Hours.

An introductory study of sedimentary rocks and fossils from the standpoint of classification, field and laboratory description, genesis, and preservation. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: GEOL 2313.

GEOL 3514. Structural Geology (Sp). 4 Hours.

Survey of deformational features and their geological significance in the crust of the earth. Lecture 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: GEOL 1113 or GEOL 3002.

GEOL 360V. Undergraduate Special Problems (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-6 Hour.

Library, laboratory, or field research in different phases of geology. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

GEOL 3901. Junior Honors Course (Sp, Su, Fa). 1 Hour.

Special honors research in geology. One hour credit each semester. Prerequisite: Junior standing.

GEOL 3911. Junior Honors Course (Sp, Su, Fa). 1 Hour.

Special honors research in geology. One hour credit each semester. Prerequisite: Junior standing.

GEOL 3923H. Honors Colloquium (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Covers a special topic or issue, offered as part of the honors program. Prerequisite: Honors candidacy (not restricted to candidacy in geology). May be repeated for degree credit.

GEOL 4033. Hydrogeology (Sp). 3 Hours.

Occurrence, movement, and interaction of water with geologic and cultural features. Lecture 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: MATH 2043 or MATH 2554, and GEOL 3514.

GEOL 4053. Geomorphology (Sp). 3 Hours.

Mechanics of landform development. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Several local field trips are required during the semester. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: GEOL 1113 or GEOL 3002.

GEOL 4063. Principles of Geochemistry (Fa). 3 Hours.

Introduction to fundamental principles of geochemistry from historic development to modern concepts. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CHEM 1121L and CHEM 1123.

GEOL 4153. Karst Hydrogeology (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Assessment of ground water resources in carbonate rock terrains; relation of ground water and surface water hydrology to karst; quantification of extreme variability in karst environments; data collection rationale. Field trips required. Prerequisite: GEOL 4033.

GEOL 4223. Stratigraphy and Sedimentation (Fa). 3 Hours.

Introductory investigation of stratigraphic and sedimentologic factors important to the study of sedimentary rocks. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. A required weekend, two-day field trip will be conducted during the semester. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: GEOL 3413.

GEOL 4253. Petroleum Geology (Fa). 3 Hours.

Distribution and origin of petroleum. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: Geology major and senior standing. May be repeated for up to 3 hours of degree credit.

GEOL 436V. Geology Field Trip (Sp). 1-2 Hour.

Camping field trip to areas of geologic interest, usually conducted during Spring Break. Prerequisite: GEOL 3313. May be repeated for up to 4 hours of degree credit.

GEOL 4433. Geophysics (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Derivation from physical principles, of the geophysical methods for mapping the Earth. Computational methods of converting gravity, magnetic, radiometric, electrical, and seismic data into geologic information. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: MATH 2564 and PHYS 2033 and PHYS 2031L and GEOL 3514.

GEOL 4443. The Solid Earth: Structure, Composition and Evolution (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Modern views for the origin of the solid Earth and its structure, composition, and evolution through geologic time. Topics will include examination of relevant geophysical and geochemical constraints used to develop global models for the Earth. Prerequisite: CHEM 1123, GEOL 3313, MATH 2564, PHYS 2074 or permission of the instructor.

GEOL 4463. 3D Seismic Exploration (Sp). 3 Hours.

Interpretation of the spatial component of three-dimensional seismic data in geologic structure and stratigraphy with emphasis on hydrocarbon exploration.Prerequisite: GEOL 3514 or instructor consent.

GEOL 4553. Volcanology (Irregular). 3 Hours.

A broad introduction to volcanic processes and their associated hazards. Emphasis will be placed on applying basic physical and chemical principles to understanding volcanic systems. Prerequisite: GEOL 2313.

GEOL 4563. Low-Temperature Geochemistry of Natural Waters (Fa). 3 Hours.

Covers the low-temperature geochemistry of waters and their associated minerals at Earth's surface. Examines the controls on the chemical composition of natural waters and the minerals precipitated from them. Topics covered will include water-rock interactions, pH, redox, the carbonate-water system, clay minerals and exchange, heavy metals, and a brief introduction to stable isotopes and geomicrobiology. Prerequisite: CHEM 1121L, CHEM 1123, GEOL 1113, and GEOL 1111L.

GEOL 4666. Geology Field Camp (Su). 6 Hours.

A professional course taught off campus emphasizing occurrence, description, mapping, and interpretation of major rock types. May not be taken for graduate credit. Prerequisite: GEOL 3413 and GEOL 3514.

GEOL 481V. Cooperative Education Program (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-6 Hour.

Credit for off-campus, compensated work experience related to geology arranged through the Cooperative Education Office and Department of Geology. May be repeated for degree credit.

GEOL 4863. Geological Data Analysis (Sp). 3 Hours.

Quantitative methods and techniques for analysis and interpretation of geological data. Prerequisite: MATH 2564, GEOL 3514.

GEOL 4922. Senior Honors Course (Sp, Su, Fa). 2 Hours.

Special honors research in geology. Two hours of credit each semester. Prerequisite: Junior honors.

GEOL 4924. Earth System History (ACTS Equivalency = PHSC 1104) (Sp). 4 Hours.

Physical and biological events that form the history of the earth from its formation to the beginning of the historical era. Graduate enrollment only with departmental permission. Prerequisite: GEOL 3514.

This course is equivalent to GEOL 4643.

GEOL 4932. Senior Honors Course (Sp, Su, Fa). 2 Hours.

Special honors research in geology. Two hours of credit each semester. Prerequisite: Junior honors.