Christopher L. Liner
Department Chair
216 GEAR

Jason Tullis
Graduate Director
115 GEAR

Edward C. Holland
Geography M.S. Coordinator
119 GEAR 

Andrew P. Lamb
Geology M.S. Coordinator
226 GEAR

Matt Covington
Geosciences Ph.D. Coordinator

Department of Geosciences Website

Degrees Conferred:
M.S. in Geography (GEOG)
M.S. in Geology (GEOL)
Ph.D. in Geosciences (GEOS)

Graduate Certificates Offered (non-degree):
Geospatial Technologies (GIST)

Geography (GEOG) (M.S.)

Areas of Study: Human geography, physical geography, GIS, cartography, space and planetary sciences.

Program Description: The Department of Geosciences offers a Master of Science (M.S.) degree in geography.  This program draws on a variety of faculty expertise in physical, environmental, human, and regional studies in geography as well as in cartography, remote sensing, photogrammetry, and computational aspects of geographic information science (GIS) or geoinformatics.

Geology (GEOL) (M.S.)

Areas of Study: General geology, space and planetary sciences

Program Description: Instruction in geology at the graduate level focuses on preparation of students to become practicing professional geologists in industry or to pursue, without deficiencies, doctorates at established programs. Students intending to enter the industrial workforce are encouraged to maintain a broad perspective with an emphasis in an area of geology that has a demonstrated record of past employment, such as petroleum geology or environmental geology. The greatest strength of the program in geology at the University of Arkansas is instruction in practical geologic interpretation, with emphasis on field relationships. This instructional strength includes all levels of teaching and supports an active research program that serves to strengthen the research and communication skills of the students through writing assignments, oral presentations, and participation in professional societies.

Geosciences (GEOS) (Ph.D.)

Primary Areas of Faculty Research:

  1. Basin evolution and analysis (including multiple aspects of petroleum geology that incorporate sedimentation, structural geology, stratigraphy and geophysics),
  2. Crustal and mantle composition and tectonic evolution,
  3. Neotectonics and dynamic geomorphology,
  4. Geoinformatics (including GIS, remote sensing, GPS geodesy, and geospatial analysis),
  5. Groundwater dynamics, karst hydrology and limnology, and
  6. Paleoclimatology.

The Department of Geosciences focuses on research and education dealing with the nature, genesis, and history of the Earth and the global environment, the evolution of landscapes and biota at the Earth’s surface, and the advance of geospatial technologies. The Doctor of Philosophy degree is designed for students who are committed to scholarship in the geosciences and who wish to prepare for professional employment within the academic community, industry, or government. Geosciences research requires rigorous observation, quantitative analysis, and modeling in order to yield scientific results that are acceptable for publication in first-rate, internationally-ranked journals. Given the interdisciplinary nature of Geosciences, the Department of Geosciences encourages research including elements of space and planetary sciences, biological sciences, environmental sciences, physics and chemistry to address relevant problems at the boundaries of geoscience and other disciplines.

Applicants for the doctoral program must have completed the baccalaureate degree with a major in geosciences or an allied discipline. Students with academic preparation at the undergraduate or masters level in other disciplines of physical science, engineering, and mathematics are also encouraged to apply. All applicants must submit their scores on the Graduate Record Examination directly to the University of Arkansas Graduate School, provide three letters of recommendation from individuals qualified to assess the applicant’s academic potential, a personal curriculum vita, and a statement of academic and research interests.

Qualified students with a bachelor’s degree or a master’s degree may be accepted into the Ph.D. program. Academic requirements for admission to the program are listed in the table below. In addition, prospective applicants are encouraged to contact Department of Geosciences faculty with similar research interests to initiate dialogue regarding availability for mentoring, potential research topics, and research funding opportunities.

M.S. in Geography

Admissions to Degree Program: Applicants must be admitted to the Graduate School and meet the following requirements: 1) satisfactory undergraduate preparation in geography, 2) three letters from persons competent to judge the applicant’s potential for graduate studies, 3) satisfactory GRE scores, and 4) adequate mathematical preparation at the undergraduate level, including statistics, algebra, and/or calculus. Students who do not meet these requirements may be admitted conditionally. Students with course deficiencies may enroll concurrently in graduate courses. Students speaking English as a foreign language are encouraged to take the TOEFL with results reported to the department.

Degree Requirements: Requires a total of 30 semester hours. A minimum of 24 semester hours of course work (including a 6-hour core and 6 hours of quantitative or computational electives), 6 semester hours of thesis credit, and a comprehensive examination (defense of thesis) conducted by the candidate’s thesis committee are required for all students who obtain an M.S. degree in Geography.  Quantitative or computational electives not listed in the Department's Graduate Student Handbook must be pre-approved by the master's advisory committee. 

GEOS 5093History and Philosophy of Geography3
GEOS 5612Research Methods in Geosciences2
GEOS 5011Colloquium1
Quantitative or Computational Electives
Quantitative or computational courses approved by Department or master's advisory committee6
Other Electives
Courses in consultation with master's advisory committee12
GEOS 600VMaster's Thesis6
Total Hours30

Students should also be aware of Graduate School requirements with regard to master's degrees.

M.S. in Geology

Admission to Degree Program: Students admitted to graduate study should have completed an undergraduate geology program similar to that required for the B.S. degree at the University of Arkansas. Applicants lacking an appropriate background may satisfy deficiencies while enrolled in Graduate School. Prospective students should submit application forms, three letters of recommendation, and a statement of their graduate and professional goals before January 15 for the fall semester and October 15 for the spring semester to assure their consideration. These dates are also deadlines for receipt of application for financial assistance.

Requirements for the Master of Science Degree: The program in Geology requires 30 graduate course credit hours, six of which will be derived from a thesis reporting the results of an original research problem. All course work, a thesis topic, and the final thesis must be approved by the student’s thesis committee. This committee is selected by the student and the student’s thesis director and will consist of a minimum of three members. At least two of the committee members will be chosen from geology faculty whose areas of expertise coincide with the research interests of the student.

GEOS 5612Research Methods in Geosciences2
GEOS 5011Colloquium1
Electives at 5000 level12
Taught by Geology faculty and not to include unnamed special topics and independent study.
Additional Electives9
To be determined in consultation with the thesis adviser and advisory committee.
Total Hours30

A listing of geology Faculty can be found in the Geosciences Graduate Student Handbook.

Courses transferred or previously taken as an undergraduate may not be used for graduate credit toward the 24 credit hour requirement. Students should be aware that courses taken to fulfill deficiencies as graduate students will incur graduate tuition.

To complete the requirements for the degree, the candidate must complete all course work with a grade-point average of 3.00, submit an acceptable thesis, and pass a comprehensive examination based primarily on a defense of the student’s thesis.

Students should also be aware of Graduate School requirements with regard to master's degrees.

Ph.D. in Geosciences

Geosciences-specific requirements are intended to be in harmony with those of the Graduate Catalog admissions and requirements for Ph.D. degrees as well as all other university-level requirements. Supplemental information can be found in Department of Geosciences Graduate Handbook. In case of conflict, university-level requirements prevail, followed by Geosciences program requirements found below. Exceptions to program requirements, in consultation with the adviser, must be approved by the Geosciences Ph.D. coordinator and the department chair.

Admission Requirements:

  • Undergraduate and graduate GPA as well as GRE (Verbal, Quantitative, and Writing) will be reviewed on a competitive basis by the Geosciences Ph.D. admissions committee
  • Recommendations: Three (3) letters of recommendation from individuals qualified to assess the applicant’s academic potential
  • Acceptance by an adviser
  • Current curriculum vitae
  • Statement of academic and research interests
  • Submit application by Jan. 15 for the fall semester to assure consideration

Degree Requirements:

  • 24 course hours beyond the M.S. Geography, M.S. Geology, or an equivalent master’s degree (or for those starting the program without a master’s, 48 course hours beyond a related bachelor’s degree)
  • GEOS 5612 Research Methods in Geosciences
  • GEOS 5011 Colloquium
  • Two courses outside of the department that are supplementary to the student's interests and dissertation topic; these may be 3000-level undergraduate courses, if approved by the advisory committee and the Graduate School and International Education.
  • No more than 3 course hours of special problems or independent study 
  • The Ph.D. degree is primarily a research degree, but communication of that research is critical for extension and application of research results as well as professional development; in order to advance communication skills, each student is required to teach labs and/or a course for at least one semester and/or to present scientific results at one or more national or international professional meetings. In addition, each student will present a departmental colloquium on the dissertation topic.

Examination for Candidacy: Two candidacy exams should be taken within the first two years of graduate study and after completion of 12 hours of graduate study, including Research Methods in Geosciences and Colloquium (see above). The candidacy exams are administered by the advisory committee (consisting of the adviser plus 3-5 additional faculty members) during full-semester classes. The first exam is a review paper written using the format and length of a specified refereed journal. The committee will assign the paper topic and journal style, and the paper will be due 30 days later. The advisory committee will determine whether the quality of the review paper demonstrates sufficient preparation for independent dissertation research. The second candidacy exam is an oral defense of a written dissertation proposal. The format of the written dissertation proposal will be specified by the advisory committee. The defense must demonstrate to the advisory committee that the student is prepared to move to the independent dissertation-research stage. Upon successful admission to candidacy, the advisory committee is dissolved, and a dissertation committee (adviser plus 2-4 additional faculty members) may then be formed.

Graduate Certificate in Geospatial Technologies

The Department of Geosciences offers an online Geospatial Technologies Graduate Certificate through University of Arkansas Global Campus ( This certificate is designed for working professionals who wish to develop technical skills in the emerging field of geospatial technologies. The certificate provides the technical instruction needed to be employed in the geosciences and collateral disciplines as one of the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing’s “Mapping Scientist” and as a “Certified Geographic Information Systems Professional” (GISP).

Requirements for a Geospatial Technologies Graduate Certificate

Requirements for admission: Graduate status; there are no disciplinary requirements.

A total of 12-18 hours are required for the certificate:

GEOS 5043Foundations of Geospatial Data Analysis3
GEOS 5073Geospatial Technologies Computational Toolkit3
GEOS 5083Geospatial Data Mining3
GEOS 5543Geospatial Applications and Information Science3
GEOS 5553Spatial Analysis Using ArcGIS3
GEOS 5593Introduction to Geodatabases3

It is possible to waive 3 to 6 hours of required coursework for GEOS 5043 and GEOS 5073 through successful completion of proficiency exams.

Graduate Faculty

Aly, Mohamed H., Ph.D. (Texas A&M), M.S., B.S. (Zagazig University), Associate Professor, 2013, 2020.
Befus, Kevin, Ph.D. (University of Texas at Austin), M.S. (University of Colorado Boulder), B.S. (Wheaton College), Assistant Professor, 2020.
Boss, Steve K., Ph.D. (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), M.S. (Utah State University), B.S. (Bemidji State University), Professor, 1996, 2010.
Cheng, Linyin, Ph.D. (University of California, Irvine), M.S. (Clarkson University), B.S. (Sichuan University), Assistant Professor, 2018.
Cothren, Jackson David, Ph.D., M.S. (The Ohio State University), B.S. (United States Air Force Academy), Professor, 2004, 2020.
Covington, Matthew D., Ph.D. (University of California-Santa Cruz), B.A. (University of Arkansas), Associate Professor, 2012, 2018.
Davidson, Fiona M., Ph.D., M.A. (University of Nebraska-Lincoln), B.A. (Newcastle Upon Tyne Polytechnic), Associate Professor, 1992, 1998.
Dumond, Gregory, Ph.D. (University of Massachusetts), M.S. (Texas Tech University), B.S. (University of Texas El Paso), Associate Professor, 2010, 2018.
Feng, Song, Ph.D., M.S. (Chinese Academy of Sciences), B.S. (Yunnan University), Associate Professor, 2013, 2018.
Fernandes, Katia de Avila, Ph.D. (Georgia Institute of Technology), M.S. (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, Brazil), B.S. (Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil), Assistant Professor, 2019.
Hays, Phillip D., Ph.D., M.S. (Texas A&M University), B.S. (University of Arkansas), Assistant Professor, 2017.
Holland, Edward C., Ph.D., M.A. (University of Colorado, Boulder), B.A. (Princeton University), Assistant Professor, 2016.
Huang, Xiao, Ph.D. (University of South Carolina), M.S. Georgia Institute of Technology (2016), B.S. (Wuhan University), Assistant Professor, 2020.
Lamb, Andrew P., Ph.D. (Boise State University), M.S. (Florida Institute of Technology), B.S. (University of Dublin, Trinity), Assistant Professor, 2017.
Liner, Christopher L., Ph.D. (Colorado School of Mines), M.S. (University of Tulsa), B.S. (University of Arkansas), Professor, 2012.
Marshall, Jill A., Ph.D. (University of Oregon), M.S. (San Francisco State University), B.S. (California State University, Hayward), Assistant Professor, 2017.
Paradise, Thomas R., Ph.D. (Arizona State University), M.Sc. (Georgia State University), F.G.A. (Goldsmith Hall Gem-A, London), G.G. (Gemological Institute of America), B.S. (University of Nevada), University Professor, 2000, 2016.
Potra, Adriana, Ph.D. (Florida International University), M.S., B.S. (University of Babes-Bolyai, Romania), Associate Professor, 2012, 2019.
Sharman, Glenn R., Ph.D. (Stanford University), B.S. (Wheaton College), Assistant Professor, 2017.
Shaw, John B., Ph.D. (University of Texas at Austin), B.A. (Oberlin College), Associate Professor, 2014, 2019.
Stahle, David William, Ph.D. (Arizona State University), M.A. (University of Arkansas), B.A. (University of Arizona), Distinguished Professor, 1982, 2005.
Suarez, Celina A., Ph.D. (University of Kansas), M.S. (Temple University), B.S. (Trinity University), Associate Professor, 2012, 2018.
Theiss, Hank, Ph.D. (Purdue University), M.S. (Purdue University), B.S. (Virginia Tech), Research Associate Professor, 2020.
Tullis, Jason A., Ph.D., M.S. (University of South Carolina), B.S. (Brigham Young University), Professor, 2004, 2018.


GEOS 5011. Colloquium. 1 Hour.

Weekly meetings of faculty, graduates, advanced students and guests to discuss research and trends in the field of geography. (Typically offered: Spring) May be repeated for up to 2 hours of degree credit.

GEOS 5023. Technical and Proposal Writing for the Geosciences. 3 Hours.

Preparation of technical reports, research proposals, and manuscripts for publication in the area of geosciences. (Typically offered: Spring)

GEOS 5043. Foundations of Geospatial Data Analysis. 3 Hours.

Basic mathematical tools applied in geospatial technology, including trigonometry in mapping, linear algebra in remote sensing, optimization in spatial decision support, and graph theory in routing. Course develops the framework for spatial data analysis and decision support. Pre- or Corequisite: GEOS 5543. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

GEOS 5053. Quaternary Environments. 3 Hours.

An interdisciplinary study of the Quaternary Period, including dating methods, deposits, soils, climates, tectonics, and human adaptation. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (Typically offered: Fall)
This course is cross-listed with ANTH 5053, ENDY 5053.

GEOS 5073. Geospatial Technologies Computational Toolkit. 3 Hours.

Basic computational tools and processes applied in geospatial software, related computer hardware components, systems and applications software, and spatial database fundamentals. Python, including SciPy and NumPy, geospatial implementations will be emphasized. No programming experience is required. Pre- or Corequisite: GEOS 5543. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

GEOS 5083. Geospatial Data Mining. 3 Hours.

Basic tools for analyzing, summarizing and visualizing geospatial data. Exploratory data and spatial data analysis, probability distributions and application, single and multivariate analysis and hypothesis testing, and spatial smoothing and interpolation. Emphasis will be on problem solving in geospatial settings using the R statistical language. Prerequisite: GEOS 5043 and GEOS 5073 or equivalent. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

GEOS 5093. History and Philosophy of Geography. 3 Hours.

This course familiarizes students with the history of geography, the contributions of geographers to scientific thought and theory, and research techniques that are used in geography. Emphasis is given to the integration of statistical and spatial analysis, and their applications in field research. The course includes short field-based projects in and around Northwest Arkansas. (Typically offered: Spring Even Years)

GEOS 510V. Special Problems in Physical Geosciences. 1-6 Hour.

Special problems in Geosciences. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer) May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

GEOS 5113. Global Change. 3 Hours.

Examines central issues of global change including natural and human induced climate change, air pollution, deforestation, desertification, wetland loss urbanization, and the biodiversity crisis. The U.S. Global Change Research Program is also examined. (Typically offered: Fall)
This course is cross-listed with ENDY 5113.

GEOS 5123. Stratigraphic Principles and Practice. 3 Hours.

Physical and biological characteristics of sedimentary environments and their correlation in time with emphasis on the local geologic section. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: GEOS 4223 or GEOS 5323 (formerly GEOS 4223). (Typically offered: Irregular)

GEOS 5133. Radar Remote Sensing. 3 Hours.

Introduction to radar remote sensing and its applications in geology, geography, archeology, engineering, and agriculture. Focuses on Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and advanced techniques including radar stereo, polarimetry, and interferometry. Covers Interferometric SAR (InSAR) for mapping topography and modeling Earth's surface motions due to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, and subsidence. Prerequisite: GEOS 3023 or equivalent. (Typically offered: Spring)

GEOS 5143. 3D Seismic Exploration. 3 Hours.

Interpretation of 3D seismic data for geological structure, stratigraphy, and pore fluid variations with emphasis on hydrocarbon exploration. Prerequisite: GEOS 4433 or GEOS 5433. (Typically offered: Spring)

GEOS 5153. Environmental Site Assessment. 3 Hours.

Principles, problems, and methods related to conducting an environmental site assessment. An applied course covering field site assessment, regulatory documentation, and report preparation. Prerequisite: GEOS 4033 or GEOS 5263 (formerly GEOS 4033). (Typically offered: Irregular)

GEOS 5163. Hydrogeologic Modeling. 3 Hours.

Topics include numerical simulation of ground water flow, solute transport, aqueous geochemistry, theoretical development of equations, hypothesis testing of conceptual models, limitations of specific methods, and error analysis. Emphasis on practical applications and problem solving. Prerequisite: GEOS 4033 or GEOS 5263 (formerly GEOS 4033) and computer literacy. (Typically offered: Irregular)

GEOS 5173. Urban Geography. 3 Hours.

Areal patterns of modern urban regions and the focus shaping these patterns. Emphasis is placed on American urban areas and their evolution and functional areas. Field work. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4073 and GEOS 5173. (Typically offered: Irregular)

GEOS 5183. Geography of the Middle East. 3 Hours.

Physical and cultural landscapes, natural and cultural resources, art and architecture, land use, political history, OPEC, and current problems of North Africa and the Middle East region west of Afghanistan are discussed. Class participation, discussions, slides and films, and student presentations will round out the class. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4043 and GEOS 5183. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5196. Advanced Field Methods of Applied Hydrogeology. 6 Hours.

Applied field course emphasizing collection and interpretation of ground water data. Three hours may be applied toward an M.S. degree in geology. Prerequisite: GEOS 4033 or GEOS 5263 (formerly GEOS 4033). (Typically offered: Summer)

GEOS 520V. Special Problems in Human Geography. 1-6 Hour.

Special problems in human geography. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer) May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

GEOS 5213. Principles of Remote Sensing. 3 Hours.

Fundamental concepts of remote sensing of the environment. Optical, infrared, microwave, LIDAR, and in situ sensor systems are introduced. Remote sensing of vegetation, water, urban landscapes, soils, minerals, and geomorphology is discussed. The course includes laboratory exercises in GIS software and field spectroscopy. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5223. Sedimentary Petrology. 3 Hours.

Sediments and sedimentary rocks. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: GEOS 4223 or GEOS 5323 (formerly GEOS 4223). (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5233. Geography of Religion & Sacrality. 3 Hours.

Explores the spatial nature of the World's major faiths and religious institutions, focusing on the distribution and origins of these religions. Examines the religious beliefs, rituals, architecture, demographics, and art in different societies, cultures, and countries. Considers the tenets and practices of what is sacred and/or spiritual, held in common by a group or community. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (Typically offered: Irregular)

GEOS 5243. Political Geography. 3 Hours.

Contemporary world political problems in their geographic context. Development of the principles of political geography with emphasis upon the problems of Eastern Europe, Africa, and Southeast Asia. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4243 and GEOS 5243. (Typically offered: Fall Odd Years)

GEOS 5253. Geomorphology. 3 Hours.

Mechanics of landform development. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Several local field trips are required during the semester. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4053 and GEOS 5253. (Typically offered: Spring)

GEOS 5263. Hydrogeology. 3 Hours.

Occurrence, movement, and interaction of water with geologic and cultural features. Lecture 3 hours per week. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4033 and GEOS 5263. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: MATH 2043 or MATH 2554, and GEOS 3514. (Typically offered: Spring)

GEOS 5273. Principles of Geochemistry. 3 Hours.

Introduction to fundamental principles of geochemistry from historic development to modern concepts. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4063 and GEOS 5273. Prerequisite: CHEM 1121L, CHEM 1123 and GEOS 2313. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5283. Economic Geology. 3 Hours.

Introduction to mineral deposits used as economic resources. Covers basic geology and geochemistry of mineral deposit formations and the formation of major classes of deposits. Examines the relationship between the distribution of ores, oil, gas, coal, and Plate Tectonics. Explores environmental issues associated with the extraction of earth resources. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4083 and GEOS 5283. Prerequisite: GEOS 2313. (Typically offered: Irregular)

GEOS 5293. Introduction to Global Positioning Systems and Global Navigation Satellite Systems. 3 Hours.

Fundamentals of navigation, mapping, and high-precision positioning using the Navstar Global Positioning System. Topics include datum definition and transformation, map projections, autonomous and differential positioning using both code and carrier processing, and analysis of errors. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4593 and GEOS 5293. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5313. Planetary Atmospheres. 3 Hours.

Origins of planetary atmospheres, structures of atmospheres, climate evolution, dynamics of atmospheres, levels in the atmosphere, the upper atmosphere, escape of atmospheres, comparative planetology of atmospheres. (Typically offered: Irregular)

GEOS 5323. Stratigraphy and Sedimentation. 3 Hours.

Introductory investigation of stratigraphic and sedimentologic factors important to the study of sedimentary rocks. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. A required weekend, two-day field trip will be conducted during the semester. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4223 and GEOS 5323. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: GEOS 3413. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5333. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. 3 Hours.

Elementary to advanced study of the origin and evolution of igneous and metamorphic rocks in a variety of plate tectonics settings. Lecture 2 hours, Laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Spring)

GEOS 5353. Meteorology. 3 Hours.

Examination of the atmospheric processes that result in multifarious weather systems. Offered as physical science. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4353 and GEOS 5353. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5363. Climatology. 3 Hours.

Fundamentals of topical climatology followed by a study of regional climatology. Offered as physical science. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4363 and GEOS 5363. (Typically offered: Spring)

GEOS 537V. Geology Field Trip. 1-2 Hour.

Camping field trip to areas of geologic interest, usually conducted during Spring Break. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 437V and GEOS 537V. (Typically offered: Spring) May be repeated for up to 4 hours of degree credit.

GEOS 5383. Hazard & Disaster Assessment, Mitigation, Risk & Policy. 3 Hours.

Comprehensive introduction to interdisciplinary approaches to natural and environmental hazards and risk. Hazards and disaster assessment, mitigation, and policy are the focus of the class. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4383 and GEOS 5383. (Typically offered: Spring) May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

GEOS 5393. Mathematical Modeling of Geological Processes. 3 Hours.

This course explores a variety of topics in applied mathematics and computational methods within the context of studying geological processes and from the perspective of a modeling practitioner. Programming is conducted in Python. Knowledge of Calculus II is necessary. (Typically offered: Irregular)

GEOS 5403. American Public Lands and Policy. 3 Hours.

The course examines the role of American federal public lands in 19th-21st century geography, history, policy, and art. It investigates the growth of conservation, preservation, and management movements in the US by looking at America's national parks, forests, dams, wildlife refuges, wilderness areas, managed and agricultural lands. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (Typically offered: Irregular)

GEOS 5433. Geophysics. 3 Hours.

Derivation from physical principles, of the geophysical methods for mapping the Earth. Computational methods of converting gravity, magnetic, radiometric, electrical, and seismic data into geologic information. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4433 and GEOS 5433. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: MATH 2564 and PHYS 2033 and PHYS 2031L and GEOS 3514. (Typically offered: Irregular)

GEOS 5453. Introduction to Raster GIS. 3 Hours.

Theory, data structure, algorithms, and techniques behind raster-based geographical information systems. Through laboratory exercises and lectures multidisciplinary applications are examined in database creation, remotely sensed data handling, elevation models, and resource models using boolean, map algebra, and other methods. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4553 and GEOS 5453. (Typically offered: Fall)
This course is cross-listed with ANTH 5553.

GEOS 5463. Microtectonics. 3 Hours.

Focuses on the microstructural evolution of tectonite rocks and the constraints that can be gleaned from optical microscopic evaluation of rocks in petrographic thin-sections and hand samples. Results are evaluated in the context of plate tectonic theory and geodynamics. Knowledge of mineralogy and petrology equivalent to GEOS 2313 is required. Pre- or Corequisite: GEOS 5563. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5473. Applied Climatology. 3 Hours.

Applied climatology involves the use of climatic data to solve a variety of social, economic and environmental problems, such as for clients in agriculture, water and energy management. The basic purpose of applied climatology is to help society, at all scales and levels, to achieve a better adjustment to the climatic environment. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5483. Severe Weather. 3 Hours.

Focuses on the formation and impact of weather phenomena such as blizzards, floods, tornadoes, thunderstorms, hurricanes and droughts. Covers the mechanisms and physics that control severe weather, advanced terminology, physical concepts and scientific methods used in meteorology, and the analysis and interpretation of meteorological data. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4483 and GEOS 5483. (Typically offered: Spring)

GEOS 550V. Internship in GIS & Cartography. 3-6 Hour.

Supervised experience in GIS and/or cartographic applications with municipal, county, state, or private enterprises. (Typically offered: Spring and Summer) May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

GEOS 5523. Cartographic Design & Production. 3 Hours.

This course addresses advanced cartographic concepts (i.e. visual hierarchy, aesthetics, image cognition) and production techniques as they relate to computer-assisted mapping. Students produce a variety of maps using Adobe Illustrator (CS 4-6) software to build a map portfolio. Field trips may be required. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4523 and GEOS 5523. (Typically offered: Spring)

GEOS 5533. Introduction to Petroleum Geophysics. 3 Hours.

Introduction to seismic wave propagation and petroleum seismology with particular emphasis on seismic events, elastic waves, and seismic survey design. Credit will not be given for both GEOS 4533 and GEOS 5533. Prerequisite: MATH 2564, PHYS 2033, and GEOS 3514 or consent of instructor. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5543. Geospatial Applications and Information Science. 3 Hours.

An introduction to the methods and theory underlying the full range of geographic information science and collateral areas - including GNSS, remote sensing, cadastral, spatial demographics and others. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

GEOS 5553. Spatial Analysis Using ArcGIS. 3 Hours.

Applications of analysis of spatial data using ArcGIS tools in map design, on-line mapping, creating geodatabases, accessing geospatial data, geo-processing, digitizing, geocoding, spatial analysis including basic spatial statistics, analysis of spatial distributions and patterning and 3D application using ArcGIS 3D Analyst. Prerequisite: GEOS 3543 or GEOS 5543. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

GEOS 5563. Tectonics. 3 Hours.

Development of ramifications of the plate tectonics theory. Analysis of the evolution of mountain belts. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOS 3514. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5573. Advanced Cartographic Techniques & Production. 3 Hours.

Covers advanced production and techniques in cartography, including animation, geospatial visualization, pochade, and advanced visualization. Emphasizes client relationships in creating and producing cartographic materials. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: GEOS 4523 or GEOS 5523. (Typically offered: Irregular)

GEOS 5583. Enterprise and Multiuser GIS. 3 Hours.

GIS practice that is typical of collaborative team-based geospatial organizations. Solve real-world problems through end-to-end GIS design and implementation using ArcGIS Enterprise, extensive federal, state, and local repositories, and high quality software documentation. Includes relevant training in geospatial provenance and metadata, and in enterprise and multiuser GIS administration. Introductory-level familiarity with GIS is recommended. (Typically offered: Spring)

GEOS 5593. Introduction to Geodatabases. 3 Hours.

Fundamental concepts and applications of geospatial databases. Schema development and spatial data models for geodata. Spatial and attribute query and optimization, properties and structures of relational and object-oriented geodatabases. Spatial extensions of SQL, spatial indexing, measurement, and geometry. Course will use PostGIS, ESRI File Geodatabases, and MS-SQL. Prerequisite: GEOS 3543 and GEOS 3103 or equivalent. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

GEOS 560V. Graduate Special Problems. 2-6 Hour.

Library, laboratory, or field research in different phases of geology. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer) May be repeated for up to 4 hours of degree credit.

GEOS 5612. Research Methods in Geosciences. 2 Hours.

Survey of research methodologies used in both geology and geography, with an emphasis on quantitative analysis. Preparation of research proposals and presentations in the field of geosciences. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5653. GIS Analysis and Modeling. 3 Hours.

Unlike conventional GIS courses that focus on studying "where", this course will teach students to address beyond "where" using various GIS analysis and modeling techniques to explore "why" and "how". The course will provide theoretical and methodological reviews of the principles of cartographic modeling and multi-criteria decision-making. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4653 and GEOS 5653. (Typically offered: Spring)
This course is cross-listed with ANTH 5653.

GEOS 5663. Low-Temperature Geochemistry of Natural Waters. 3 Hours.

Covers the low-temperature geochemistry of waters and their associated minerals at Earth's surface. Examines the controls on the chemical composition of natural waters and the minerals precipitated from them. Topics covered will include water-rock interactions, pH, redox, the carbonate-water system, clay minerals and exchange, heavy metals, and a brief introduction to stable isotopes and geomicrobiology. Credit will not be given for both GEOS 4663 and GEOS 5663. Prerequisite: CHEM 1121L, CHEM 1123, GEOS 1113, and GEOS 1111L. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5673. Volcanology. 3 Hours.

A broad introduction to volcanic processes and their associated hazards. Emphasis will be placed on applying basic physical and chemical principles to understanding volcanic systems. Prerequisite: GEOS 2313. (Typically offered: Irregular)

GEOS 5693. Environmental Justice. 3 Hours.

This course deals with the ethical, environmental, legal, economic, and social implications of society's treatment of the poor, the disenfranchised, and minorities who live in the less desirable, deteriorating neighborhoods, communities, and niches of our country. The class integrates science with philosophy, politics, economics, policy, and law, drawing on award-winning films, current news, and case studies. Credit will not be given for both GEOS 4693 and GEOS 5693. (Typically offered: Spring)

GEOS 5713. Geology of Our National Parks. 3 Hours.

This course examines the underlying geology responsible for selected parks, and explores the interplay of geology, biology, climate, topography, and humans to evaluate the value of the parks, and to anticipate the problems they will face in the near and long-term. Credit will not be given for both GEOS 4563 and GEOS 5713. Prerequisite: GEOS 1113. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5733. Geospatial Data Science in Public Health. 3 Hours.

Introduction to geospatial data science, including geographic information systems (GIS) and related technologies, with an emphasis on their practical applications in the fields of public health, global health, healthcare analytics, healthcare administration, and other health-related fields. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5743. Petroleum Geology. 3 Hours.

Distribution and origin of petroleum. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4253 and GEOS 5743. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: Admission to the Geology graduate program. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5753. Karst Hydrogeology. 3 Hours.

Assessment of ground water resources in carbonate rock terrains; relation of ground water and surface water hydrology to karst; quantification of extreme variability in karst environments; data collection rationale. Field trips required. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4153 and GEOS 5753. Prerequisite: GEOS 4033 or GEOS 5263 (formerly GEOS 4033). (Typically offered: Irregular)

GEOS 5783. Geography of Europe. 3 Hours.

Geographic regions of the area with emphasis on their present development. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both GEOS 4783 and GEOS 5783. (Typically offered: Irregular)

GEOS 5793. Geospatial Unmanned Aircraft Systems. 3 Hours.

Geospatial unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) are becoming key technologies in a number of disciplines. This course will introduce safe and legal operation of UAS in aerial photography, multispectral, thermal and LIDAR applications, geodetic control, photogrammetric and computer vision processing, and the creation of accurate 2D and 3D digital information products. Pre- or Corequisite: (GEOS 3213 or GEOS 5213) and (GEOS 4593 or GEOS 5293) or equivalent. (Typically offered: Fall)

GEOS 5853. Environmental Isotope Geochemistry. 3 Hours.

Introduction to principles of isotope fractionation and distribution in geologic environments, isotopic analytical methods, and extraction of isotope samples; application of isotopes in characterization of geologic processes and interaction with hydrologic, surficial, and biologic attenuation, paleothermometry soil, and biogeochemical processes. (Typically offered: Spring) May be repeated for up to 3 hours of degree credit.
This course is cross-listed with ENDY 5853.

GEOS 5863. Quantitative Techniques in Geosciences. 3 Hours.

An introduction to the application of standard quantitative and spatial statistical techniques to geoscientific analysis. Students will use both micro and large system computers in the course. (Typically offered: Spring)
This course is cross-listed with ANTH 5863.

GEOS 5873. Geological Data Analysis. 3 Hours.

Quantitative methods and techniques for analysis and interpretation of geological data. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: MATH 2564 and GEOS 3514. (Typically offered: Spring)

GEOS 5924. Earth System History. 4 Hours.

Physical and biological events that form the history of the earth from its formation to the beginning of the historical era. Credit will not be given for both GEOS 4924 and GEOS 5924. Graduate enrollment only with departmental permission. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: GEOS 3514. (Typically offered: Spring)

GEOS 5933. Ancient Forest Science and Sustainability. 3 Hours.

Ancient forests preserve beautiful habitat with high ecological integrity. This course will examine the development, spatial distribution, and ongoing destruction of ancient forests worldwide, and how science can contribute to the understanding and sustainable management of these valuable resources. (Typically offered: Spring)

GEOS 5973. Seminar in GIScience. 3 Hours.

Geographic information science and technology research topics of particular interest to the graduate student class. (Typically offered: Spring) May be repeated for up to 9 hours of degree credit.

GEOS 5993. Dynamics of Sediment Transport. 3 Hours.

The course will give aspiring geologists and civil engineers tools for solving sedimentological problems in their fields. Starting from a grounding in fluid mechanics, we will learn how sediment is transported and stratigraphy accumulated. This will be applied to problems in sedimentology at all scales. (Typically offered: Fall Odd Years)

GEOS 600V. Master's Thesis. 1-6 Hour.

Master's thesis. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer) May be repeated for degree credit.

GEOS 700V. Doctoral Dissertation. 1-9 Hour.

Dissertation research. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Ph.D. candidacy (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer) May be repeated for degree credit.