Courses

HIST 1003. Perspectives in History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Introduction to the history major and to college life, emphasizing essential collegiate academic skills and the methods and techniques of the professional historian. Designed for history majors, history minors, and those with an interest in learning skills relevant to history, other humanities, or other social sciences.

HIST 1003H. Honors Perspectives in History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Introduction to the history major and to college life, emphasizing essential collegiate academic skills and the methods and techniques of the professional historian. Designed for history majors, history minors, and those with an interest in learning skills relevant to history, other humanities, or other social sciences. Prerequisite: Honors standing.

This course is equivalent to HIST 1003.

HIST 1113. Institutions and Ideas of World Civilizations I (ACTS Equivalency = HIST 1113) (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

Introduces the major civilizations of the world in their historical context to 1500.

HIST 1113H. Honors Institutions and Ideas of World Civilizations I (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Study of Western and non-Western civilizations.

This course is equivalent to HIST 1113.

HIST 1123. Institutions and Ideas of World Civilizations II (ACTS Equivalency = HIST 1123) (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

Introduces the major civilizations of the world in their historical context, since 1500.

HIST 1123H. Honors Institutions and Ideas of World Civilizations II (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Study of Western and non-Western civilizations.

This course is equivalent to HIST 1123.

HIST 2003. History of the American People to 1877 (ACTS Equivalency = HIST 2113) (Sp, Su, Fa). 3 Hours.

A history of American life encompassing constitutional, political, social, intellectual and economic development from prior to European colonization to 1877.

HIST 2013. History of the American People, 1877 to Present (ACTS Equivalency = HIST 2123) (Sp, Su, Fa). 3 Hours.

A history of American life encompassing constitutional, political, social, intellectual and economic development from Reconstruction to the present.

HIST 3003. History of Christianity (Irregular). 3 Hours.

This course surveys the theological, political, and cultural history of Mediterranean Christianity, c. 30-600 CE. Special topics include patristics, Christianity and Empire, and the formation of Christian sacred space.

HIST 300V. Internship in History (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-3 Hour.

Work experience in a historical agency arranged by the student under the guidance of a faculty member. Paper required. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

HIST 3013. Ancient Historians (Fa). 3 Hours.

Survey of ancient historiography from Herodotus (5th c BCE) to Ammianus Marcellinus (4th c CE). Topics covered include the development of ancient history, historical causality, rhetoric and history, military history, historical biography, use of polemic, Roman adaptations of Greek models, and the portrayal of the "other" in history.

HIST 3033. Islamic Civilization (Irregular). 3 Hours.

A survey of the foundation, evolution, and distinctive character of Islam, with attention to religion, literature, art, architecture, science, and political society. Particular attention given to the development of Islamic doctrines, sectarian movements, and systematic theology. Concludes with a look at Islamic resurgence movements and their place in the contemporary world.

HIST 3043. History of the Modern Middle East (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines the history of the Islamic Middle East from the rise of the Ottoman and Safavid Persian empires up to World War I and then concludes with the issues and patterns of 20th century Middle Eastern political and socio-economic life. Topics include Islam and politics, Arab nationalism, Western imperialism, the Arab-Zionist conflict, petroleum politics, and modernization vs. traditionalism.

HIST 3053. Women, Gender, and Sexuality in Colonial Latin America (Irregular). 3 Hours.

This course examines women, gender, and sexuality in colonial Latin America. It explores the lives of indigenous, Spanish, African, and mixed-race women from all social ranks. A central question is: does the current status of women in Latin America stem from a colonial legacy of gender oppression and sexual repression?.

HIST 3063. Military History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Survey of the basic principles and problems of strategy, tactics, and military organization from Alexander the Great to the present. Special attention will be given to the operation of these factors in the American Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars, the American Civil War, and World War II.

HIST 3073. Women and Gender in Modern Latin American History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines the role of women in Latin America and the Spanish Caribbean from independence to modern times. Special emphasis will be on women's changing gender roles and expectations as they confronted legal, political, and social institutions.

HIST 3083. Women and Christianity (Irregular). 3 Hours.

From Paul to the mystics of the late medieval church, this course considers women's religious expression, symbolic action, interaction with holy men, and their relationship with the ecclesiastical hierarchy. Other important questions include women's institutional subordination opportunities for autonomous action.

HIST 3093. Women in U.S. History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines women in U.S. History from the early encounters of North American colonization to the gendered experiences of American women in the present day.

HIST 3133. History of Sports in Africa (Irregular). 3 Hours.

This course considers the ways that Africans have strategically employed sports to confront and overcome both domestic and external challenges and how these approaches and the range of constituent strategies have changed over time.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 3133.

HIST 3183. Popular Culture in the Caribbean (Irregular). 3 Hours.

History of the Caribbean through a historically-situated analysis of popular culture production, including literature, dance, music, cuisine, film, carnival, television, and sexuality.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 3183.

HIST 3193. The Making of the Modern Caribbean (Fa). 3 Hours.

History of the Caribbean from pre-Columbian to present times focusing in particular on indigenous origins, colonialism, slavery, rebellion, independence, nationalism, and political integration in the making of the modern Caribbean region.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 3193.

HIST 3203. Colonial Latin America (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

An introduction to the social, cultural, political and economic formation of Latin America, during the period from 1492 to the movements for independence.

HIST 3213. Modern Latin America (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

An investigation of the varying courses of modernization in Latin America, covering popular revolution, urban populism and military dictatorship.

HIST 3233. African American History to 1877 (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

History of the African American experience in North America emphasizing economic, social, and cultural perspectives. Topics include the African slave trade, the creation of race and racism, the institution of slavery, free community formation in North, and the impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on African Americans.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 3233.

HIST 3243. African American History Since 1877 (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

The course will study the major social, political, and economical issues relating to the African American experience beginning with the late post-Reconstruction period and will include, all of the major personalities and influences in the Civil Rights Movement, from 1877 to the present.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 3243.

HIST 3253. The History of Sub-Saharan Africa (Fa). 3 Hours.

Sub-Saharan African history from the 18th century to the present, with emphasis on the impact of the slave trade, colonization, Independence, and contemporary issues of the post-colonial period. Examination of the ways Africans experienced change in terms of culture, society, economics, gender, religion, politics, and labor.

HIST 3263. History of the American Indian (Fa). 3 Hours.

Survey of North American Indian history from their arrival include pre-Columbian Indian history, the interaction of Indian and white societies, U.S. Government policy, and the role of Indians in modern American culture.

HIST 3273. Agricultural and Rural History of the United States (Irregular). 3 Hours.

The history of U.S. agriculture from the pre-Columbian period through the twenty-first century. Focuses on the social and economic implications of agricultural development and the changing nature of rural life in the late twentieth century.

HIST 3283. U.S. Latinos and Latinas through Film (Sp). 3 Hours.

This course will examine the portrayal of U.S. Latinos and Latinas in Hollywood films and how those images have changed over time. While coverage will extend to the early years of the twentieth century, the chosen films will place particular emphasis on the century's second half, from the Cold War to the modern day.

HIST 3293. History of Popular Culture (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Historical survey of the popular arts in American with emphasis upon 20th century. Principal topics are the history of bestsellers, the theatre, popular music, movies, radio, television, and sports.

HIST 3303. U.S. Immigration History (Sp). 3 Hours.

Examines the migration of ethnic groups into the United States from geographical areas that include Europe, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Special emphasis will be given to cultural history, and will trace the impact of industrialization, urbanization, class formation, and popular culture on various ethnic groups.

HIST 3313. Latinos and Latinas in the U.S. (Fa). 3 Hours.

Examines the emergence and growth of the Latino population of the United States. A broad survey of the Latino experience will complement more specific case studies focusing on cultural identity and the generational process of acculturation into the American mainstream.

HIST 3323. The West of the Imagination (Irregular). 3 Hours.

The changing image of the American West from the colonial period to the present and how popular impressions have reflected national attitudes and values. Special attention given to the West's portrayal in folklore, literature, art, films, and television.

HIST 3383. Arkansas and the Southwest (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

Political, economic, social, and cultural development of Arkansas from the coming of the Indian to the 20th century, with special emphasis on Arkansas as a national and regional component.

HIST 3423. British History, 1688-Present (Irregular). 3 Hours.

A survey of British history from the Glorious Revolution of 1688 to the Present, covering the political, social, cultural, and military history of Britain during those years.

HIST 3433. Twentieth Century Britain through Film (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Explores 20th Century British History through the medium of film, analyzing how 20th Century British history has been represented/misrepresented in film, and investigating what these portrayals of Britain in the twentieth century reveal about British history.

HIST 3443. Modern Imperialism (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Examines the causes, nature, and consequences of modern imperialism. The histories of five different empires are studied and compared to give an overview of the phenomenon.

HIST 3453. Modern Terrorism (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines the historical foundations and course of modern terrorism, from the French Revolution to the present. Special attention is given to the Irish Republican Army, Baader Meinhoff Gang (Red Army Faction), the American militia movement, and al-Qaeda.

HIST 3473. Palestine and Israel in Modern Times (Irregular). 3 Hours.

History of 19th-20th Century Palestine, Zionism and the founding of modern Israel, and the Palestine-Israel conflict in local and regional perspective.

HIST 3513. History of China to 1644 (Fa). 3 Hours.

An interdisciplinary introduction to Chinese history and culture, beginning with the archaeological record and extending over the dynastic period and into early 17th century. Covers the major events, philosophical and religious traditions of pre-modern China, including Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism.

HIST 3523. Modern China (Sp). 3 Hours.

Survey of Chinese culture, society, government and diplomacy between1644 and the present.

HIST 3533. World War II (Sp). 3 Hours.

Study of the causes, conduct and consequences of the Second World War.

HIST 3543. Russia to 1861 (Fa). 3 Hours.

Study of the political, social and cultural development of Russia from the Kievan era through the Napoleonic invasion.

HIST 3553. Russia Since 1861 (Sp). 3 Hours.

Survey of political, cultural and intellectual trends in modern Russia with emphasis upon the Revolutions of 1917, the Soviet Union, and its successor states.

HIST 3573. World War I (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Explores the Great War's origins, major and minor battles, the role of technology, and the experience of soldiers. Examines the internal conflicts the war created, the ideologies it spawned, and the social relationships it permanently altered.

HIST 3583. The United States and Vietnam, 1945-1975 (Fa). 3 Hours.

A survey and analysis of the Vietnam War with special emphasis on its impact on American and Indochinese society.

HIST 3593. The 1960s: A World Transformed (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

The tumultuous decade of the 1960s witnessed global political, social and cultural upheavals. We will study movements for change in the United States, as well as in Europe, China, Vietnam, and Latin American. Topics will include the New Left, the counterculture, and the student, civil rights, antiwar and women's movements.

HIST 3603. Colonial and Revolutionary America, 1600-1789 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Survey of colonial and revolutionary American history, emphasizing economic, social, and cultural perspectives. Topics include historical interpretations of Native American, French, Spanish, English, Dutch, and Russian interactions in North America as well as the causes of the American Revolution and formation of the new national government.

HIST 3613. Early National and Antebellum America, 1789-1850 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Survey of early national and antebellum America emphasizing economic, social, and cultural perspectives. Topics include the impact of westward expansion, slavery, religion, gender, the market economy, and political developments on the new nation.

HIST 3623. Black Movements and Messiahs (Irregular). 3 Hours.

This course will focus on global African history since the Age of Revolutions to the present with special attention to the movements and leaders in various fields who proposed strategies and led movements to advance Africa, Africans and the diaspora.

HIST 3683. Europe in the 19th Century (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines the political, social, and cultural history of Europe during the "long" nineteenth century from the French Revolution of 1789 to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914.

HIST 3693. Europe in the 20th Century (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines the political, social, and cultural history of Europe during the twentieth century from the outbreak of the First World War to the collapse of Communist states in Eastern Europe in 1989.

HIST 3703. Urban History: The Modern Metropolis (Irregular). 3 Hours.

This course explores transformations to major cities from the late-eighteenth century to the present day. Course themes include: industrialization, urban expansion, metropolitan regulation, imperial influence, identity formation, and the city as laboratory for monarchy/democracy/communism/fascism. We consider primary sources, secondary historical scholarship, and the writing of key figures in urban theory.

HIST 3773. Introduction to Early South Asia (Irregular). 3 Hours.

This survey course provides students with an overview of the development of civilization in South Asia (a region encompassing the countries of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka) from its earliest human occupants through the end of the heyday of the Mughal empire in the early 18th century CE.

HIST 3783. Islam and Early South Asia (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Although Islam originated in Arabia, South Asian countries such as Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh today host among the largest populations of Muslims in the world. This survey course examines the introduction of Islam to South Asia in the 7th century CE and its subsequent development there through the mid-18th century.

HIST 3803. Special Topics in Ancient History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Special topics in ancient history that are not presented in depth in regular courses. May be repeated for up to 9 hours of degree credit.

HIST 3813. Special Topics in African History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Special topics related to African history which are not usually presented in depth in regular courses. May be repeated for up to 9 hours of degree credit.

HIST 3823. Special Topics in Asian History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Historical topics in Asian history, including the eastern Pacific region, which are not usually presented in depth in regular courses. May be repeated for up to 9 hours of degree credit.

HIST 3833. Special Topics in European History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Historical topics in European history which are not usually presented in depth in regular courses. May be repeated for up to 9 hours of degree credit.

HIST 3843. Special Topics in Latin American and Caribbean History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Historical topics in Latin American and Caribbean history which are not usually presented in depth in regular courses. May be repeated for up to 9 hours of degree credit.

HIST 3853. Special Topics in Middle East History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Historical topics in the history of the Middle East which are not usually presented in depth in regular courses. May be repeated for up to 9 hours of degree credit.

HIST 3863. Special Topics in U.S. History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Historical topics in the history of the United States which are usually not covered in depth in regular courses. May be repeated for up to 9 hours of degree credit.

HIST 3923H. Honors Colloquium (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Treats a special topic or issue, offered as part of the honors program. Prerequisite: Honors candidacy (not restricted to candidacy in history). May be repeated for degree credit.

HIST 3963. Art as History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Explores how historians can use art as historical source and how people have historically interpreted and analyzed art. Focus on art production/interpretation in Early Modern Europe (14th to 18th century), contemporary tastes, and cultural practices informing art production.

HIST 3973H. Honors Methods (Fa). 3 Hours.

A practical introduction to historical research and writing. Examines research methods and current theories of interpreting and evaluating the past. Prepares students for honors thesis development and writing. Required for and restricted to history honors students. Prerequisite: Junior standing as honors history major.

HIST 3983. Special Topics (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Historical topics which are not usually presented in depth in regular courses. May be repeated for up to 9 hours of degree credit.

HIST 399VH. Honors History Thesis (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-6 Hour.

Prerequisite: Junior standing. May be repeated for up to 12 hours of degree credit.

HIST 4003. Democratic Athens (Irregular). 3 Hours.

History of the Athens from the sixth century BCE to the end of the fourth. Topics include origins and evolution of democracy, the Persian wars, the rise and fall of the Athenian Empire, and the development of historiography, literature, art, and philosophy during the period.

HIST 4013. Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic World (Irregular). 3 Hours.

A survey of the achievements of Alexander and the culture of the new world he created. The personality and career of Alexander are examined as well as the rich diversity of the Hellenistic world: trade with India, religious syncretism, and the development of Hellenistic science and philosophy.

HIST 4023. Roman Republic (Irregular). 3 Hours.

History of Rome from its origins in the eighth century BCE to the fall of the Republic in the first century BCE. Topics include the sources for Roman history, the development, functioning, and ultimate failure of republican government, the Roman army, and Roman imperialism in Italy and the Mediterranean.

HIST 4033. Roman Empire (Irregular). 3 Hours.

History of Rome from the Emperor Augustus to Constantine, ca. 30 BCE - 337 CE. Topics include the sources for imperial Rome, the organization of imperial government, the provinces of Rome and provincial government, art and literature under the empire, the rise of Christianity, and the conversion of the Empire.

HIST 4043. Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

This course examines the political, spiritual, intellectual, and social-economic developments of European history, c. 300-1000 CE. Special topics include the Christianization of the late Roman Empire and Byzantium, as well as the formation of Celtic and Germanic Kingdoms in the West.

HIST 4053. Late Middle Ages (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

This course examines the political, social-economic, intellectual, and spiritual developments of European history, c. 1000-1400 CE. Special topics include monasticism, sacral kingship, the crusades, and the medieval university.

HIST 406V. Independent Study (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-6 Hour.

May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

HIST 4073. Renaissance and Reformation, 1300-1600 (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Examines the history of Europe from the end of the Middle Ages through the Renaissance to the Reformation and Counter-Reformation. Special attention is paid to changes in popular piety, political thought, religious representation, and the discovery of the New World.

HIST 4083. Early Modern Europe, 1600-1800 (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Begins with the upheaval of the reformation, moves through the crisis of the 17th century and culminates with the democratic revolution of the 18th century. Examines the consolidation of the European state system, the propagation of modern science, discovery of overseas worlds, and the advent of the Industrial Revolution.

HIST 4093. The History of African Americans and Social Justice (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Explores how the United States has extended social justice to African Americans during the nation's history. Examines social justice for blacks and the impact of historic policies and practices on black life today.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 4093.

HIST 4103. Byzantine Empire (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines the history and culture of the Byzantine Empire from the reign of Constantine I to the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Topics include the development of Christianity and the schism with the western church, the crusades, and Byzantine influence on Islam, Russia, the Ottomans, and the Renaissance.

HIST 4113. Archaic Greece (Irregular). 3 Hours.

History of Greece from the late Bronze Age to the end of the Persian Wars. This class will focus particularly on the sources involved with reconstructing early Greek history, especially Herodotus and Homer, on the development of the Greek city-state or polis, and on the interaction between the Greeks and Near-eastern civilizations during this period, culminating in the wars between the Greeks and the Persian Empire.

HIST 4123. Africa and the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines the trans-Atlantic slave trade with a primary focus on the role of Africa and Africans in creating the unique economy and culture of the trans-Atlantic world.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 4123.

HIST 4133. Society and Gender in Modern Europe (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Changing values and attitudes toward childhood, family life, sexuality, and gender roles in Europe from the Renaissance to the present. The social impact of the Industrial Revolution, urbanization, demographic change, and the two world wars.

HIST 4143. Intellectual History of Europe Since the Enlightenment (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

A survey of the major developments in European thought and culture since the emergence of Romanticism. Topics include Romanticism, Darwinism, Marxism, and Modernism.

HIST 4153. Modern Ireland, 1798-1948 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines the course of Irish history from the 1798 United Irishmen rebellion to the 1948 declaration of the Republic of Ireland. Special attention is given to Catholic emancipation, the Great Famine, the Home Rule movements, the Irish War of Independence, and the Emergency (Second World War).

HIST 4163. Tudor-Stuart England, 1485-1714 (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Examines the history of the British Isles from the ascension of Henry VII and the Tudor dynasty until the close of the Stuart Era in 1714. Special attention is given to the English Reformation, the Elizabethan years, the 17th Century Revolutions, and the birth of an overseas Empire.

HIST 4173. The Latin American City (Irregular). 3 Hours.

This course examines the social, political, and cultural aspects of the modern Latin American city from an interdisciplinary perspective. The course includes an introduction to urban studies concepts, and each semester is organized around a specific set of case studies.

HIST 4183. Great Britain, 1707-1901 (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Examines the history of the British Isles from the 1707 Act of Union between Scotland and England until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901. Special attention is given to the spread of Empire, industrialization, and the political, social, and cultural aspects of the Georgian and Victorian Eras.

HIST 4193. Great Britain,1901-2001 (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Examines the history of the British Isles from the death of Queen Victoria in 1901 to the reelection of Prime Minister Tony Blair in 2001. Special attention is given to the collapse of the British Empire, the birth of the welfare state, and the challenges inherent in the decline of British world power.

HIST 4203. History of the Holocaust (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines the origins, history, and legacies of the European Holocaust. Traces the origins of anti-Semitism in Europe, the rise of Nazism in Germany, the path to genocide during World War II, and the role of victims, perpetrators, rescuers, and bystanders. Considers issues of memory and justice in the postwar era.

HIST 4213. The Era of the French Revolution (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

France from the salons of the Enlightenment to the Napoleonic Wars. The French Revolution will be explored in terms of politics and personalities, ideas and symbols, class and gender relations, and violence and terror.

HIST 4223. France Since 1815 (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Survey of French history from the overthrow of Napoleon to the 5th Republic, with emphasis on French politics, society, and culture.

HIST 4233. The Atlantic World, 1400-1850 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Explores the political, economic, cultural, and social engagement of Africans, Europeans, and Native Americans across the Atlantic from 1400 to 1850. It uses a comparative lens to understand how interactions between Europe, Africa, and the Americas created enduring ties throughout the Atlantic Basin.

HIST 4243. Germany, 1789-1918 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Study of German history from the Age of Absolutism to the collapse of the German Empire at the end of the First World War. Special attention is paid to the Enlightenment and Romantic movements; nationalism and the unification of Germany; and evolving conflicts over the political and social order.

HIST 4253. Germany, 1918-1945 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Study of German history from advent of the Weimar Republic to the end of the Third Reich with emphasis upon the failure of democratic government in the 1920s and the rise and fall of the National Socialist dictatorship.

HIST 4263. Independence and Africa Today (Sp). 3 Hours.

Examines the last half-century of Africa's history, focusing on the last few decades. Introduction of Africa's colonial past, revolutions and struggles for independence. Review of African development in the post-colonial and contemporary era, successes and failures of independent Africa, and the challenges the continent faces today.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 4263.

HIST 4273. Comparative Slavery (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Explores the meaning of slavery around the world, both in ancient and modern times. This examination of how slavery differed in various cultures over time will allow students to explore the complexity of this labor relationship and gain a better understanding of how slavery was an integral part of world history.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 4273.

HIST 4273H. Honors Comparative Slavery (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Explores the meaning of slavery around the world, both in ancient and modern times. This examination of how slavery differed in various cultures over time will allow students to explore the complexity of this labor relationship and gain a better understanding of how slavery was an integral part of world history.

This course is cross-listed with HIST 4273, AAST 4273.

HIST 4303. Transatlantic Relations, 1919-Present (Irregular). 3 Hours.

US-Western European Relations, from the Wilsonian era to the present, covering strategic, economic, and cultural aspects.

HIST 4313. Islamic Theology and Philosophy, 650-1700 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Doctrines and main figures in Islamic theology and philosophy from the origins of Islam through the seventeenth century C.E.

HIST 4323. Wars of Religion: From the Crusades to 9/11 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines the place of religion in combat across the centuries. A case study approach is used to explore different conflicts from the twelfth century crusades against Muslim forces to 9/11. Investigates how religious motivations may or may not be related to other political, social, cultural, economic concerns.

HIST 4333. Modern Islamic Thought (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Main currents in Islamic theology and political philosophy from the Ottoman Empire to the end of the twentieth century.

HIST 4343. Golden Age Portugal and Spain (Irregular). 3 Hours.

This course will examine the diverging and converging paths of Portugal and Spain during the early modern period (15th-17th centuries). We will chart their rise as global imperial powers and their initial declines. We'll explore the political, social, and religious contexts in which Golden Age Iberia flourished.

HIST 4353. Middle East, 600-1250 (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

An examination of the origins of modern Middle Eastern societies-Arabic, Turkish, and Persian-with emphasis upon the development of the Islamic faith and culture.

HIST 4363. The Middle East since 1914 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Middle East since 1914 addresses European colonialism, the rise of new social elites, independence, revolution, globalization, economic self-determination, persistent regional conflicts and ongoing battles over "cultural authenticity".

HIST 4373. Mongol & Mamluk Middle East 1250-1520 (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

An examination of Egypt, the Fertile Crescent, and Iran in the period of the Turco-Mongol military elites. Special attention given to the rise of slave and free governments and their roles in shaping Middle East political and social patterns.

HIST 4383. The American Civil Rights Movement (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Introduction to the history and development of the civil rights movement in the United States.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 4383.

HIST 4393. Early Modern Islamic Empires, 1300-1750 (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

An examination of the historical development of the three great Islamic empires in the early modern period- the Ottomans, the Safavids of Iran, and the Mughals of India. Special attention given to imperial expansion, administrative structures, religious-legal establishment, and the formation of distinct traditions in political ideology, historiography, and the arts and sciences.

HIST 4403. Islam in Asia (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Introduces students to the history of Islam in East and Southeast Asia over the past 1,200 years. It focuses on the 18th-21st centuries when Muslims were part of everyday life in Asia and participated in the formation of majority and minority identities in the region.

HIST 4413. New Women in the Middle East (Irregular). 3 Hours.

This course covers the transformation of social and cultural roles of women in the Middle East since the 19th Century. Emphases include political emancipation, religious reformation, artistic representation, and gendered re-definition.

HIST 4433. Social and Cultural History of the Modern Middle East (Irregular). 3 Hours.

An analysis of Middle East history in the 17th-20th centuries which focuses on the social transformation of urban and rural life. Particular emphasis is given to the roles of economics, genealogy, art, and popular culture.

HIST 4443. Frontiers and Borderlands in Colonial Latin America (Irregular). 3 Hours.

This course examines frontiers and borderlands in colonial Latin America and focuses on the regions of California, New Mexico, Texas, Brazil, and the Río de la Plata. It demonstrates that frontiers and borderlands are defined by the absence of a hegemonic European power and associated with the prevalence of Indigenous norms.

HIST 4463. The American Frontier (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

American westward expansion and its influence on national institutions and character. Emphasis on the pioneer family and the frontier's role in shaping American society, culture, economy, and politics. Topics include exploration, the fur trade, the cattle kingdom and the mining, farming, and military frontiers.

HIST 4473. Environmental History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines the interactions between human culture and the natural environments: Concepts of nature in the West and elsewhere, dynamics of the Physical Environment, case studies in Regional Environmental History and the Politics of Environmental movements.

HIST 4483. African American Biographies (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Introduction to the history and intellectual development of famous and not-so-famous African Americans.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 4483.

HIST 4493. Religion in America to 1860 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

History of religion in early America, primarily from a social and cultural perspective. Topics will include region, social class, growth of institutions, slavery, print culture, and social reform in traditions including Protestantism, West African religion, Catholicism, Native American religion, and Judaism.

HIST 4503. History of Political Parties in the United States, 1789-1896 (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Origin and development of the American party system from the implementation of the constitution to the election of McKinley.

This course is cross-listed with PLSC 4303.

HIST 4513. History of Political Parties in the United States Since 1896 (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Response of the party system to America's emergence as an industrial nation and world power from the election of 1896 to present.

This course is cross-listed with PLSC 4313.

HIST 4533. China's Foreign Trade and International Order: History, Policy, and Theory (Irregular). 3 Hours.

This interdisciplinary course explores China's foreign trade and international order by introducing students to the historical context and economic theory necessary for understanding China's role in the international trading system from the ancient past to the contemporary era.

This course is cross-listed with PLSC 4533, ECON 4533.

HIST 4543. American Social and Intellectual History Since 1865 (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Survey of thought and society since the Civil War.

HIST 4553. The Recluse in Early East Asia (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

A cross-cultural study of those who chose or needed to leave the world of officialdom for the world of nature in early East Asia.

HIST 4563. The Old South, 1607-1865 (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Survey of the political, social, and economic development of the antebellum South.

HIST 4573. The New South, 1860 to the Present (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Survey of the development of the Civil War and postwar South to the present.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 4573.

HIST 4583. Arkansas in the Nation (Sp). 3 Hours.

Designed to provide advanced undergraduate and graduate students with a comprehensive understanding of the full sweep of Arkansas history. The focus will be on social, economic and political history, and historiography.

HIST 4593. The Colonial French in the Mississippi Valley (Sp). 3 Hours.

This course focuses on the French Colonial Mississippi Valley from 1698 until 1763. Activities for both French and non-French speaking students provide a rich environment to discuss encounters, subsistence strategies, and warfare faced by native peoples, missionaries, explorers, and colonists alike. Students will examine primary handwritten, transcribed, or translated sources.

This course is cross-listed with WLLC 4053, WLLC 4053H.

HIST 4603. U.S. Labor History to 1877 (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Examines the changing nature of work in U.S. history from 1607 until 1877 including the ways that workers--individually and collectively-- understand the meanings of their labor and to the ways that notions of class, gender, ethnicity, and race inform these understandings.

HIST 4613. Colonial America 1600-1763 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

History of colonial America from 1600 to the end of the Seven Years War emphasizing economic, social, and cultural perspectives. Topics include Native American, French, Spanish, English, Dutch, and Russian interactions in North America and the larger Atlantic World.

HIST 4623. Revolutionary America, 1763 to 1789 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

History of revolutionary America emphasizing economic, social, and cultural perspectives. Topics include historical interpretations of the causes of the war, the impact of war on African Americans, women, loyalists, elite, and poor Americans. The course also examines the formation of the new national government.

HIST 4633. Heian Japan (794-1192) (Irregular). 3 Hours.

A study of courtly culture and the religious world of Heian Japan.

HIST 4633H. Honors Heian Japan (794-1192) (Irregular). 3 Hours.

A study of courtly culture and the religious world of Heian Japan.

This course is equivalent to HIST 4633.

HIST 4643. Early American Republic, 1789-1828 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

History of the early United States emphasizing social and cultural perspectives. Topics addressed will include westward expansion, slavery, religion, and economic change.

HIST 4653. Antebellum America, 1828-1850 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

History of antebellum U.S. emphasizing social and cultural perspectives. Topics addressed will include slavery, religion, gender, the market economy, regionalism, and political developments.

HIST 4663. Rebellion to Reconstruction, 1850-1877 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

A survey of political, social, and economic issues from the late antebellum period through Reconstruction. Emphasis is placed on the causes of the Civil War and the problems of postwar America. A brief examination of the Civil War is included.

HIST 4673. The American Civil War (Fa). 3 Hours.

An intensive study of the political, social, military, and economic aspects of the American Civil War period.

HIST 4703. Emergence of Modern America, 1876-1917 (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

A survey of the impact of the Industrial Revolution, Imperialism, and progressivism upon American life and institutions.

HIST 4723. America Between the Wars, 1917-1941 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

The impact of World War I, the 1920s, and the Great Depression upon American society and culture.

HIST 4733. Recent America, 1941 to the Present (Irregular). 3 Hours.

A general survey of American history since World War II with emphasis upon the presidency, reform movements, the Cold War, and cultural developments.

HIST 4743. The Cold War in Latin America: Revolutions, Violence, and Politics (Irregular). 3 Hours.

This course will trace the rise of the ideological and political struggles over social and economic development and the security regimes designed to thwart socialist revolution and political mobilization. The influence of the United States in Latin American security regimes and "containment" activities will receive special attention.

HIST 4753. Diplomatic History of the United States, 1776-1900 (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Survey of American foreign relations from the American Revolution through the Spanish-American War. Principal topics include isolationism, freedom of the seas, manifest destiny and continental expansion, overseas expansion, and the diplomacy of war and peace. Emphasis on the relationship between domestic politics and foreign affairs. Prerequisite: HIST 2003.

HIST 4763. Diplomatic History of the United States, 1900-1945 (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

America's development as a world power. The course examines U.S. relations with Europe, Latin America, and East Asia, plus America's first approach to the Middle East. Particular emphasis is placed on America's involvement in World War I and World War II. Prerequisite: HIST 2013.

HIST 4773. Diplomatic History of the US, 1945 to Present (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

U.S. involvement in world affairs since WWII. The Cold War from an international perspective, including strategies, nuclear deterrence, conflicts, economic developments, cultural relations among allies and adversaries. Post-Cold War scenarios, including war on terrorism.

HIST 4783. History of Modern Mexico (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

This course examines the history of Mexico from the wars of independence to the present. Emphasis will be placed on the turbulent nineteenth century and the Mexican Revolution. Themes covered include colonial legacies, national identities, popular culture, emigration, and relations with the United States.

HIST 4793. Colonial India, 1758-1948 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines the course of Indian history from the 1758 Battle of Plassey to eventual independence from Great Britain in 1948. Special attention is given to India's place within the British Empire, particularly the East Indian Company, the Indian Mutiny, the Raj, the rise of Gandhi, and India's independence movement.

HIST 4803. Modern Scandinavia (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines the history of the Nordic lands, including Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, from 1500 to the present.

HIST 4813. Africans and Slavery in Colonial Latin America (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Explores the diverse experiences of slaves and free Blacks in colonial Spanish and Portuguese America from 1500 to around 1888, demonstrating that bondage and the practice of African slavery was a pillar of political authority in colonial Latin America.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 4813.

HIST 4823. Black Freedom in the Age of Emancipation (Sp). 3 Hours.

This course centers on the comparative study of Atlantic World freedom movements from the perspective of the African Diaspora. It focuses on the histories, meanings, legacies of the various types of black emancipation in the Atlantic World and the cultural technologies that enabled them.

HIST 4853. Early Chinese Empires: Mythology, Archeology, and Historiography (Sp). 3 Hours.

A critical introduction to the most important sources and major themes, both textual and archeological, for the study of early China.

HIST 4853H. Honors Early Chinese Empires: Mythology, Archeology, and Historiography (Sp). 3 Hours.

A critical introduction to the most important sources and major themes, both textual and archeological, for the study of early China.

This course is equivalent to HIST 4853.

HIST 4863. Classical Thought in East Asia (Fa). 3 Hours.

Introduces the major East Asian philosophical and religious traditions including Confucianism, Daoism, Buddhism, and Shintoism. Read original sources in translation, such as Analects, and explore perspectives that stem from the traditions as they bear on contemporary global issues.

HIST 4863H. Honors Classical Thought in East Asia (Fa). 3 Hours.

Introduces the major East Asian philosophical and religious traditions including Confucianism, Daoism, Buddhism, and Shintoism. Read original sources in translation, such as Analects, and explore perspectives that stem from the traditions as they bear on contemporary global issues.

This course is equivalent to HIST 4863.

HIST 4873. Germany since 1945 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines the history of Germany since the end of the Second World War including political division and economic recovery, dissident movements in East Germany and alternative cultures in West Germany, reunification in 1990, and the legacy of Nazism and the Holocaust.

HIST 4883. Health and Disease: 1500 to the Present (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Explores the emergence of epidemics against the backdrop of the nation state and anxieties over women, the lower classes, and other marginalized groups. The rise of modern health programs illuminates the cultural construction of medicine, the biases of scientific inquiry, and the tensions among paternalism, liberty, and prejudice.

HIST 4893. Senior Capstone Seminar (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

Required for all history majors. Examines research methods and current theories of interpreting and evaluating the past. Emphasizes skills of analysis, synthesis, and integration. Students produce a primary source-based research paper. A grade of a B or better will satisfy the Fulbright senior writing requirement. Prerequisite: History major; senior standing.

HIST 4903. Music and the Arts of Edo Japan 1600-1868 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

A music and arts view of urban and popular culture of the Edo period of Japan (1600-1868). Readings drawn from history, literature, aesthetics, religion and science.

HIST 4903H. Honors Music and the Arts of Edo Japan (1600-1868) (Irregular). 3 Hours.

A music and arts view of urban and popular culture of the Edo period of Japan (1600-1868). Readings drawn from history, literature, aesthetics, religion and science.

This course is equivalent to HIST 4903.

HIST 4913. Reading Japanese Noh as Cultural History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

A historical, sociocultural, and inter-arts approach to the medieval lyric-drama Japanese Noh, a form of masked theater with roots reaching beyond the 14th century.

HIST 4913H. Honors Reading Japanese Noh as Cultural History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

A historical, sociocultural, and inter-arts approach to the medieval lyric-drama Japanese Noh, a form of masked theater with roots reaching beyond the 14th century.

This course is equivalent to HIST 4913.

HIST 4923. Song China 960-1279 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examination of the Song dynasty (960-1279) concentrating on the education and role of the scholar-official and the literatus. Readings drawn from history, literature, personal diaries, travel accounts, political memoranda, and scientific writings.

HIST 4923H. Honors Song China (960-1279) (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examination of the Song dynasty (960-1279) concentrating on the education and role of the scholar-official and the literatus. Readings drawn from history, literature, personal diaries, travel accounts, political memoranda, and scientific writings.

This course is equivalent to HIST 4923.

HIST 4933. Ad Paradisum: Utopias, imaginary places, and the afterlife in East Asia (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Confucian, Daoist, and Buddhist ideas of ideal communities ('utopias'), of imaginary places ('paradise islands'), and of the afterlife ('heaven and hell') in East Asia will be traced in a broad sweep across literature, painting, and the performing arts.

HIST 4933H. Hon Ad Paradisum: Utopias, imaginary places, and the afterlife in East Asia (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Confucian, Daoist, and Buddhist ideas of ideal communities ('utopias'), of imaginary places ('paradise islands'), and of the afterlife ('heaven and hell') in East Asia will be traced in a broad sweep across literature, painting, and the performing arts.

This course is equivalent to HIST 4933.

HIST 4943. U.S. Labor History, from 1877-present (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

This course will examine the changing nature of work in U.S. history from 1877 until the present. It will pay particular attention to the ways that workers--individually and collectively--understand the meanings of their labor and to the ways that notions of class, gender, ethnicity, and race inform these understandings.

HIST 4953. The History of Sub-Saharan African Women (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Introduction to the history of women in Sub-Saharan Africa, starting in the early 18th century through the 20th century. Focus on women and the transatlantic slave trade, women's influence in pre-colonial religious, political, and cultural institutions, and women's experiences under colonial rule and in post-colonial Africa. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 4953.

HIST 4953H. Honors The History of Sub-Saharan African Women (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Introduction to the history of women in Sub-Saharan Africa, starting in the early 18th century through the 20th century. Focus on women and the transatlantic slave trade, women's influence in pre-colonial religious, political, and cultural institutions, and women's experiences under colonial rule and in post-colonial Africa. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

This course is cross-listed with HIST 4953, AAST 4953.

HIST 4963. Third World Underdevelopment and Modernization (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Examines key issues related to societal change in the Third World, including various views and theories of international development and modernization. Other major issues explored include social inequalities, food and hunger, population, environment, trade and globalization, international aid, and the roles of state, market, and civil society.

This course is cross-listed with AAST 4963.

HIST 4973. The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Important trends in Italian culture between the 14th and 16th centuries, including the birth of humanism, new understandings of the past, "new" political ideologies, scientific innovation, and famous art produced in the Western tradition.

HIST 498V. Senior Thesis (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

HIST 5003. Democratic Athens (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4003.) History of the Athens from the sixth century BCE to the end of the fourth. Topics include origins and evolution of democracy, the Persian wars, the rise and fall of the Athenian Empire, and the development of historiography, literature, art, and philosophy during the period. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4003 and HIST 5003.

HIST 5013. Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic World (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4013.) A survey of the achievements of Alexander and the culture of the new world he created. The personality and career of Alexander are examined as well as the rich diversity of the Hellenistic world: trade with India, religious syncretism, and the development of Hellenistic science and philosophy. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4013 and HIST 5013.

HIST 5033. Roman Empire (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4033.) History of Rome from the Emperor Augustus to Constantine, ca. 30 BCE - 337 CE. Topics include the sources for imperial Rome, the organization of imperial government, the provinces of Rome and provincial government, art and literature under the empire, the rise of Christianity, and the conversion of the Empire. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4033 and HIST 5033.

HIST 506V. Readings in European History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

Directed readings in the field of European history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 12 hours of degree credit.

HIST 507V. Readings in American History (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-6 Hour.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

HIST 508V. Research Problems in European History (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-6 Hour.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

HIST 509V. Research Problems in American History (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-6 Hour.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

HIST 511V. Research Problems in Latin American History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

HIST 517V. Readings in Asian History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

HIST 518V. Research Problems in Asian History (Irregular). 1-18 Hour.

Prerequisite: graduate standing.

HIST 5193. Great Britain,1901-2001 (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4193.) Examines the history of the British Isles from the death of Queen Victoria in 1901 to the reelection of Prime Minister Tony Blair in 2001. Special attention is given to the collapse of the British Empire, the birth of the welfare state, and the challenges inherent in the decline of British world power. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4193 and HIST 5193.

HIST 5203. History of the Holocaust (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4203.) Examines the origins, history, and legacies of the European Holocaust. Traces the origins of anti-Semitism in Europe, the rise of Nazism in Germany, the path to genocide during World War II, and the role of victims, perpetrators, rescuers, and bystanders. Considers issues of memory and justice in the postwar era. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4203 and HIST 5203.

HIST 522V. Readings in Latin America History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

HIST 524V. Readings in African History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

HIST 525V. Research Problems in African History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

HIST 526V. Readings in Middle Eastern History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

HIST 527V. Readings in Medieval History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

HIST 528V. Research Problems in Middle Eastern History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

HIST 529V. Research Problems in Medieval History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

HIST 530V. Readings in British History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

Directed readings in the field of British history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 12 hours of degree credit.

HIST 533V. Readings in Ancient History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

HIST 534V. Research Problems in Ancient History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

HIST 5393. Early Modern Islamic Empires, 1300-1750 (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4393.) An examination of the historical development of the three great Islamic empires in the early modern period- the Ottomans, the Safavids of Iran, and the Mughals of India. Special attention given to imperial expansion, administrative structures, religious-legal establishment, and the formation of distinct traditions in political ideology, historiography, and the arts and sciences. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4393 and HIST 5393.

HIST 5403. Islam in Asia (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4403.) Introduces students to the history of Islam in East and Southeast Asia over the past 1,200 years. It focuses on the 18th-21st centuries when Muslims were part of everyday life in Asia and participated in the formation of majority and minority identities in the region. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4403 and HIST 5403.

HIST 545V. Readings in Caribbean History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

Graduate readings in Caribbean history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

HIST 546V. Research Problems in Caribbean History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

Independent research in Caribbean history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

HIST 547V. Readings in Atlantic History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

Graduate readings in Atlantic world history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

HIST 5483. African American Biographies (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4483.) Introduction to the history and intellectual development of famous and not-so-famous African Americans. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4483 and HIST 5483.

HIST 5493. Religion in America to 1860 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4493.) History of religion in early America, primarily from a social and cultural perspective. Topics will include region, social class, growth of institutions, slavery, print culture, and social reform in traditions including Protestantism, West African religion, Catholicism, Native American religion, and Judaism. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4493 and HIST 5493.

HIST 5503. History of Political Parties in the United States, 1789-1896 (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4503.) Origin and development of the American party system from the implementation of the constitution to the election of McKinley. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4503 and HIST 5503.

HIST 5513. History of Political Parties in the United States Since 1896 (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4513.) Response of the party system to America's emergence as an industrial nation and world power from the election of 1896 to present. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4513 and HIST 5513.

HIST 5523. Roman Republic (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4023.) History of Rome from its origins in the eighth century BCE to the fall of the Republic in the first century BCE. Topics include the sources for Roman history, the development, functioning, and ultimate failure of republican government, the Roman army, and Roman imperialism in Italy and the Mediterranean. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4023 and HIST 5523.

HIST 5533. China's Foreign Trade and International Order: History, Policy, and Theory (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4533.) This interdisciplinary course explores China's foreign trade and international order by introducing students to the historical context and economic theory necessary for understanding China's role in the international trading system from the ancient past to the contemporary era. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4533 and HIST 5533.

HIST 5543. American Social and Intellectual History Since 1865 (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4543.) Survey of thought and society since the Civil War. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4543 and HIST 5543.

HIST 5553. The Recluse in Early East Asia ( Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4553.) A cross-cultural study of those who chose or needed to leave the world of officialdom for the world of nature in early East Asia. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4553 and HIST 5553.

HIST 5563. The Old South, 1607-1865 (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4563.) Survey of the political, social, and economic development of the antebellum South. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4563 and HIST 5563.

HIST 5573. The New South, 1860 to the Present (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4573.) Survey of the development of the Civil War and postwar South to the present. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4573 and HIST 5573.

HIST 5583. Arkansas in the Nation (Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4583.) Designed to provide advanced undergraduate and graduate students with a comprehensive understanding of the full sweep of Arkansas history. The focus will be on social, economic and political history, and historiography. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4583 and HIST 5583.

HIST 5593. The Colonial French in the Mississippi Valley (Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4593.) This course focuses on the French Colonial Mississippi Valley from 1698 until 1763. Activities for both French and non-French speaking students provide a rich environment to discuss encounters, subsistence strategies, and warfare faced by native peoples, missionaries, explorers, and colonists alike. Students will examine primary handwritten, transcribed, or translated sources. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4593 and HIST 5593.

HIST 5603. U.S. Labor History to 1877 (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4603.) Examines the changing nature of work in U.S. history from 1607 until 1877 including the ways that workers--individually and collectively-- understand the meanings of their labor and to the ways that notions of class, gender, ethnicity, and race inform these understandings. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4603 and HIST 5603.

HIST 5613. Colonial America 1600-1763 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4613.) History of colonial America from 1600 to the end of the Seven Years War emphasizing economic, social, and cultural perspectives. Topics include Native American, French, Spanish, English, Dutch, and Russian interactions in North America and the larger Atlantic World. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4613 and HIST 5613.

HIST 5623. Revolutionary America, 1763 to 1789 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4623.) History of revolutionary America emphasizing economic, social, and cultural perspectives. Topics include historical interpretations of the causes of the war, the impact of war on African Americans, women, loyalists, elite, and poor Americans. The course also examines the formation of the new national government. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4623 and HIST 5623.

HIST 5633. Heian Japan 794-1192 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4633.) A study of courtly culture and the religious world of Heian Japan. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4633 and HIST 5633.

HIST 5643. Early American Republic, 1789-1828 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4643.) History of the early United States emphasizing social and cultural perspectives. Topics addressed will include westward expansion, slavery, religion, and economic change. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4643 and HIST 5643.

HIST 5653. Antebellum America, 1828-1850 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4653.) History of antebellum U.S. emphasizing social and cultural perspectives. Topics addressed will include slavery, religion, gender, the market economy, regionalism, and political developments. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4653 and HIST 5653.

HIST 5663. Rebellion to Reconstruction, 1850-1877 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4663.) A survey of political, social, and economic issues from the late antebellum period through Reconstruction. Emphasis is placed on the causes of the Civil War and the problems of postwar America. A brief examination of the Civil War is included. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4663 and HIST 5663.

HIST 5673. The American Civil War (Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4673.) An intensive study of the political, social, military, and economic aspects of the American Civil War period. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4673 and HIST 5673.

HIST 5683. The American Civil Rights Movement (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4383.) Introduction to the history and development of the civil rights movement in the United States. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4383 and HIST 5683.

HIST 5693. Late Middle Ages (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4053.) This course examines the political, social-economic, intellectual, and spiritual developments of European history, c. 1000-1400 CE. Special topics include monasticism, sacral kingship, the crusades, and the medieval university. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4053 and HIST 5693.

HIST 570V. Special Topics (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 9 hours of degree credit.

HIST 5713. Islamic Theology and Philosophy, 650-1700 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4313.) Doctrines and main figures in Islamic theology and philosophy from the origins of Islam through the seventeenth century C.E. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4313 and HIST 5713.

HIST 5723. America Between the Wars, 1917-1941 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4723.) The impact of World War I, the 1920s, and the Great Depression upon American society and culture. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4723 and HIST 5723.

HIST 573V. Readings in Global History (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

Directed readings in the field of Global history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 12 hours of degree credit.

HIST 5753. Diplomatic History of the United States, 1776-1900 (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4753.) Survey of American foreign relations from the American Revolution through the Spanish-American War. Principal topics include isolationism, freedom of the seas, manifest destiny and continental expansion, overseas expansion, and the diplomacy of war and peace. Emphasis on the relationship between domestic politics and foreign affairs. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4753 and HIST 5753. Prerequisite: HIST 2003.

HIST 5763. Diplomatic History of the United States, 1900-1945 (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4763.) America's development as a world power. The course examines U.S. relations with Europe, Latin America, and East Asia, plus America's first approach to the Middle East. Particular emphasis is placed on America's involvement in World War I and World War II. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4763 and HIST 5763. Prerequisite: HIST 2013.

HIST 5773. Diplomatic History of the US, 1945 to Present (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4773.) U.S. involvement in world affairs since WWII. The Cold War from an international perspective, including strategies, nuclear deterrence, conflicts, economic developments, cultural relations among allies and adversaries. Post-Cold War scenarios, including war on terrorism. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4773 and HIST 5773.

HIST 5783. History of Modern Mexico (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4783.) This course examines the history of Mexico from the wars of independence to the present. Emphasis will be placed on the turbulent nineteenth century and the Mexican Revolution. Themes covered include colonial legacies, national identities, popular culture, emigration, and relations with the United States. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4783 and HIST 5783.

HIST 5793. Colonial India, 1758-1948 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4793.) Examines the course of Indian history from the 1758 Battle of Plassey to eventual independence from Great Britain in 1948. Special attention is given to India's place within the British Empire, particularly the East Indian Company, the Indian Mutiny, the Raj, the rise of Gandhi, and India's independence movement. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4793 and HIST 5793.

HIST 5803. Modern Scandinavia (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4803.) Examines the history of the Nordic lands, including Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, from 1500 to the present. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4803 and HIST 5803.

HIST 5813. Africans and Slavery in Colonial Latin America (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4813.) Explores the diverse experiences of slaves and free Blacks in colonial Spanish and Portuguese America from 1500 to around 1888, demonstrating that bondage and the practice of African slavery was a pillar of political authority in colonial Latin America. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4813 and HIST 5813.

HIST 5823. Black Freedom in the Age of Emancipation. 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4823.) This course centers on the comparative study of Atlantic World freedom movements from the perspective of the African Diaspora. It focuses on the histories, meanings, legacies of the various types of black emancipation in the Atlantic World and the cultural technologies that enabled them. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4823 and HIST 5823.

HIST 5833. Social and Cultural History of the Modern Middle East (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4433.) An analysis of Middle East history in the 17th-20th centuries which focuses on the social transformation of urban and rural life. Particular emphasis is given to the roles of economics, genealogy, art, and popular culture. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4433 and HIST 5833.

HIST 5843. The Atlantic World, 1400-1850 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4233.) Explores the political, economic, cultural, and social engagement of Africans, Europeans, and Native Americans across the Atlantic from 1400 to 1850. It uses a comparative lens to understand how interactions between Europe, Africa, and the Americas created enduring ties throughout the Atlantic Basin. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4233 and HIST 5843.

HIST 5853. Early Chinese Empires: Mythology, Archeology, and Historiography (Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4853.) A critical introduction to the most important sources and major themes, both textual and archeological, for the study of early China. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4853 and HIST 5853.

HIST 5863. Classical Thought in East Asia (Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4863.) Introduces the major East Asian philosophical and religious traditions including Confucianism, Daoism, Buddhism, and Shintoism. Read original sources in translation, such as Analects, and explore perspectives that stem from the traditions as they bear on contemporary global issues. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4863 and HIST 5863.

HIST 5873. Germany since 1945. 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4873.) Examines the history of Germany since the end of the Second World War including political division and economic recovery, dissident movements in East Germany and alternative cultures in West Germany, reunification in 1990, and the legacy of Nazism and the Holocaust. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4873 and HIST 5873.

HIST 5883. Health and Disease: 1500 to the Present (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4883.) Explores the emergence of epidemics against the backdrop of the nation state and anxieties over women, the lower classes, and other marginalized groups. The rise of modern health programs illuminates the cultural construction of medicine, the biases of scientific inquiry, and the tensions among paternalism, liberty, and prejudice. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4883 and HIST 5883.

HIST 5893. Germany, 1918-1945 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4253.) Study of German history from advent of the Weimar Republic to the end of the Third Reich with emphasis upon the failure of democratic government in the 1920s and the rise and fall of the National Socialist dictatorship. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4253 and HIST 5893.

HIST 5903. Music and the Arts of Edo Japan 1600-1868 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4903.) A music and arts view of urban and popular culture of the Edo period of Japan (1600-1868). Readings drawn from history, literature, aesthetics, religion and science. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4903 and HIST 5903.

HIST 5913. Reading Japanese Noh as Cultural History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4913.) A historical, sociocultural, and inter-arts approach to the medieval lyric-drama Japanese Noh, a form of masked theater with roots reaching beyond the 14th century. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4913 and HIST 5913.

HIST 5923. Song China 960-1279 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4923.) Examination of the Song dynasty (960-1279) concentrating on the education and role of the scholar-official and the literatus. Readings drawn from history, literature, personal diaries, travel accounts, political memoranda, and scientific writings. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4923 and HIST 5923.

HIST 5933. Ad Paradisum: Utopias, imaginary places, and the afterlife in East Asia (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4933.) Confucian, Daoist, and Buddhist ideas of ideal communities ('utopias'), of imaginary places ('paradise islands'), and of the afterlife ('heaven and hell') in East Asia will be traced in a broad sweep across literature, painting, and the performing arts. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4933 and HIST 5933.

HIST 5943. U.S. Labor History, from 1877-present (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4943.) This course will examine the changing nature of work in U.S. history from 1877 until the present. It will pay particular attention to the ways that workers--individually and collectively--understand the meanings of their labor and to the ways that notions of class, gender, ethnicity, and race inform these understandings. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4943 and HIST 5943.

HIST 5953. The History of Sub-Saharan African Women (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4953.) Introduction to the history of women in Sub-Saharan Africa, starting in the early 18th century through the 20th century. Focus on women and the transatlantic slave trade, women's influence in pre-colonial religious, political, and cultural institutions, and women's experiences under colonial rule and in post-colonial Africa. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4953 and HIST 5953.

HIST 5963. Third World Underdevelopment and Modernization (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4963.) Examines key issues related to societal change in the Third World, including various views and theories of international development and modernization. Other major issues explored include social inequalities, food and hunger, population, environment, trade and globalization, international aid, and the roles of state, market, and civil society. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4963 and HIST 5963.

HIST 5973. The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Important trends in Italian culture between the 14th and 16th centuries, including the birth of humanism, new understandings of the past, "new" political ideologies, scientific innovation, and famous art produced in the Western tradition.

HIST 5983. Intellectual History of Europe Since the Enlightenment (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4143.) A survey of the major developments in European thought and culture since the emergence of Romanticism. Topics include Romanticism, Darwinism, Marxism, and Modernism. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4143 and HIST 5983.

HIST 5993. Modern Ireland, 1798-1948 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4153.) Examines the course of Irish history from the 1798 United Irishmen rebellion to the 1948 declaration of the Republic of Ireland. Special attention is given to Catholic emancipation, the Great Famine, the Home Rule movements, the Irish War of Independence, and the Emergency (Second World War). Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4153 and HIST 5993.

HIST 600V. Master's Thesis (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-6 Hour.

Master's Thesis. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for degree credit.

HIST 6013. The Era of the French Revolution (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4213.) France from the salons of the Enlightenment to the Napoleonic Wars. The French Revolution will be explored in terms of politics and personalities, ideas and symbols, class and gender relations, and violence and terror. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4213 and HIST 6013.

HIST 6033. Society and Gender in Modern Europe (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4133.) Changing values and attitudes toward childhood, family life, sexuality, and gender roles in Europe from the Renaissance to the present. The social impact of the Industrial Revolution, urbanization, demographic change, and the two world wars. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4133 and HIST 6033.

HIST 6063. Tudor-Stuart England, 1485-1714 (Even year, Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4163.) Examines the history of the British Isles from the ascension of Henry VII and the Tudor dynasty until the close of the Stuart Era in 1714. Special attention is given to the English Reformation, the Elizabethan years, the 17th Century Revolutions, and the birth of an overseas Empire. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4163 and HIST 6063.

HIST 6073. Renaissance and Reformation, 1300-1600 (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4073.) Examines the history of Europe from the end of the Middle Ages through the Renaissance to the Reformation and Counter-Reformation. Special attention is paid to changes in popular piety, political thought, religious representation, and the discovery of the New World. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4073 and HIST 6073.

HIST 6083. Early Modern Europe, 1600-1800 (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4083.) Begins with the upheaval of the reformation, moves through the crisis of the 17th century and culminates with the democratic revolution of the 18th century. Examines the consolidation of the European state system, the propagation of modern science, discovery of overseas worlds, and the advent of the Industrial Revolution. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4083 and HIST 6083.

HIST 6093. The History of African Americans and Social Justice (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4093.) Explores how the United States has extended social justice to African Americans during the nation's history. Examines social justice for blacks and the impact of historic policies and practices on black life today. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4093 and HIST 6093.

HIST 6113. Archaic Greece (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4113.) History of Greece from the late Bronze Age to the end of the Persian Wars. This class will focus particularly on the sources involved with reconstructing early Greek history, especially Herodotus and Homer, on the development of the Greek city-state or polis, and on the interaction between the Greeks and Near-eastern civilizations during this period, culminating in the wars between the Greeks and the Persian Empire. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4113 and HIST 6113.

HIST 6173. The Latin American City (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4173.) This course examines the social, political, and cultural aspects of the modern Latin American city from an interdisciplinary perspective. The course includes an introduction to urban studies concepts, and each semester is organized around a specific set of case studies. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4173 and HIST 6173.

HIST 6183. Great Britain 1707-1901 (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4183.) Examines the history of the British Isles from the 1707 Act of Union between Scotland and England until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901. Special attention is given to the spread of Empire, industrialization, and the political, social, and cultural aspects of the Georgian and Victorian Eras. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4183 and HIST 6183.

HIST 6203. Byzantine Empire (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4103.) Examines the history and culture of the Byzantine Empire from the reign of Constantine I to the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Topics include the development of Christianity and the schism with the western church, the crusades, and Byzantine influence on Islam, Russia, the Ottomans, and the Renaissance. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4103 and HIST 6203.

HIST 6223. France Since 1815 (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4223.) Survey of French history from the overthrow of Napoleon to the 5th Republic, with emphasis on French politics, society, and culture. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4223 and HIST 6223.

HIST 6243. Germany, 1789-1918 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4243.) Study of German history from the Age of Absolutism to the collapse of the German Empire at the end of the First World War. Special attention is paid to the Enlightenment and Romantic movements; nationalism and the unification of Germany; and evolving conflicts over the political and social order. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4243 and HIST 6243.

HIST 6263. Independence and Africa Today (Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4263.) Examines the last half-century of Africa's history, focusing on the last few decades. Introduction of Africa's colonial past, revolutions and struggles for independence. Review of African development in the post-colonial and contemporary era, successes and failures of independent Africa, and the challenges the continent faces today. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4263 and HIST 6263.

HIST 6273. Comparative Slavery (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4273.) Explores the meaning of slavery around the world, both in ancient and modern times. This examination of how slavery differed in various cultures over time will allow students to explore the complexity of this labor relationship and gain a better understanding of how slavery was an integral part of world history. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4273 and HIST 6273.

HIST 6303. Transatlantic Relations, 1919-Present (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4303.) US-Western European Relations, from the Wilsonian era to the present, covering strategic, economic, and cultural aspects. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4303 and HIST 6303.

HIST 6333. Modern Islamic Thought (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4333.) Main currents in Islamic theology and political philosophy from the Ottoman Empire to the end of the twentieth century. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4333 and HIST 6333.

HIST 6343. Golden Age Portugal and Spain (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4343.) This course will examine the diverging and converging paths of Portugal and Spain during the early modern period (15th-17th centuries). We will chart their rise as global imperial powers and their initial declines. We'll explore the political, social, and religious contexts in which Golden Age Iberia flourished. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4343 and HIST 6343.

HIST 6463. The American Frontier (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4463.) American westward expansion and its influence on national institutions and character. Emphasis on the pioneer family and the frontier's role in shaping American society, culture, economy, and politics. Topics include exploration, the fur trade, the cattle kingdom and the mining, farming, and military frontiers. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4463 and HIST 6463.

HIST 6473. Environmental History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4473.) Examines the interactions between human culture and the natural environments: Concepts of nature in the West and elsewhere, dynamics of the Physical Environment, case studies in Regional Environmental History and the Politics of Environmental movements. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4473 and HIST 6473.

HIST 6513. New Women in the Middle East (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4413.) This course covers the transformation of social and cultural roles of women in the Middle East since the 19th Century. Emphases include political emancipation, religious reformation, artistic representation, and gendered re-definition. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4413 and HIST 6513.

HIST 6523. Wars of Religion: From the Crusades to 9/11 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4323.) Examines the place of religion in combat across the centuries. A case study approach is used to explore different conflicts from the twelfth century crusades against Muslim forces to 9/11. Investigates how religious motivations may or may not be related to other political, social, cultural, economic concerns. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4323 and HIST 6523.

HIST 6543. Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4043.) This course examines the political, spiritual, intellectual, and social-economic developments of European history, c. 300-1000 CE. Special topics include the Christianization of the late Roman Empire and Byzantium, as well as the formation of Celtic and Germanic Kingdoms in the West. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4043 and HIST 6543.

HIST 6553. Middle East, 600-1250 (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4353.) An examination of the origins of modern Middle Eastern societies-Arabic, Turkish, and Persian-with emphasis upon the development of the Islamic faith and culture. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4353 and HIST 6553.

HIST 6563. The Middle East since 1914 (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4363.) Middle East since 1914 addresses European colonialism, the rise of new social elites, independence, revolution, globalization, economic self-determination, persistent regional conflicts and ongoing battles over "cultural authenticity". Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4363 and HIST 6563.

HIST 6623. Africa and the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4123.) Examines the trans-Atlantic slave trade with a primary focus on the role of Africa and Africans in creating the unique economy and culture of the trans-Atlantic world. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4123 and HIST 6623.

HIST 6643. Frontiers and Borderlands in Colonial Latin America (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4443.) This course examines frontiers and borderlands in colonial Latin America and focuses on the regions of California, New Mexico, Texas, Brazil, and the Río de la Plata. It demonstrates that frontiers and borderlands are defined by the absence of a hegemonic European power and associated with the prevalence of Indigenous norms. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4443 and HIST 6643.

HIST 6673. Mongol & Mamluk Middle East 1250-1520 (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4373.) An examination of Egypt, the Fertile Crescent, and Iran in the period of the Turco-Mongol military elites. Special attention given to the rise of slave and free governments and their roles in shaping Middle East political and social patterns. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4373 and HIST 6673.

HIST 6703. Emergence of Modern America, 1876-1917 (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4703.) A survey of the impact of the Industrial Revolution, Imperialism, and progressivism upon American life and institutions. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4703 and HIST 6703.

HIST 6733. Recent America, 1941 to the Present (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4733.) A general survey of American history since World War II with emphasis upon the presidency, reform movements, the Cold War, and cultural developments. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4733 and HIST 6733.

HIST 6743. The Cold War in Latin America: Revolutions, Violence, and Politics (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 4743.) This course will trace the rise of the ideological and political struggles over social and economic development and the security regimes designed to thwart socialist revolution and political mobilization. The influence of the United States in Latin American security regimes and "containment" activities will receive special attention. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both HIST 4743 and HIST 6743.

HIST 700V. Doctoral Dissertation (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-18 Hour.

Independent research and writing leading to the completion of a doctoral dissertation. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for degree credit.

HIST 7023. Historical Methods (Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5023.) Practical introduction to historical research and writing. Consists of lecture, library reading, and class criticism of research papers. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6023.

HIST 7043. Historiography (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5043.) Survey of the history of historical writing and a study of the important schools and historical interpretation. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6043.

HIST 7053. Reading Seminar in Asian History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5053.) Concentrated reading in selected specialized areas of Asian history. Prerequisite: Advanced graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6053.

HIST 7103. Reading Seminar in American History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5103.) Historiographical and bibliographical study of special areas of U.S. history, such as Antebellum America, the Civil War, etc. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6103.

HIST 7123. Research Seminar in American History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5123.) Research projects in selected fields of American history, such as the Civil War, Antebellum America, etc. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6123.

HIST 7133. Reading Seminar in European History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5133.) Historiographical and bibliographical study of special periods in European history, such as the Roman Empire, the late Middle Ages, the French Revolution, etc. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6133.

HIST 7143. Research Seminar in European History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5143.) Research projects in selected fields of European history, such as the French Revolution, humanism, etc. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6143.

HIST 7153. Reading Seminar in British History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5153.) Historiographical and bibliographical study of selected periods of British history. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6153.

HIST 7163. Research Seminar in British History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5163.) Research projects in selected fields of British history. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6163.

HIST 7213. Reading Seminar in Middle Eastern History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5213.) Historiographical and bibliographical study of special areas of Middle Eastern history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6213.

HIST 7233. Research Seminar in Middle Eastern History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5233.) Research projects in selected fields of Middle Eastern history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6233.

HIST 7313. Reading Seminar in Latin American History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5313.) Historiographical and bibliographical study of special areas in Latin American history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6313.

HIST 7323. Research Seminar in Latin American History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5323.) A research seminar for the production of a major research project in Latin American history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6323.

HIST 7353. Reading Seminar in Medieval History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5353.) Historiographical and bibliographical study of special areas in medieval history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6353.

HIST 7363. Research Seminar in Medieval History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5363.) A research seminar for the production of a major research project in medieval history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6363.

HIST 7373. Reading Seminar in Ancient History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5373.) Historiographical and bibliographical study of special areas in ancient history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6373.

HIST 7383. Research Seminar in Ancient History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5383.) A research seminar for the production of a major research project in ancient history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6383.

HIST 7413. Reading Seminar in African History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5413.) Historiographical and bibliographical study of selected periods and/or topics in African history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6413.

HIST 7423. Research Seminar in African History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5423.) A seminar for the production of a major research project in selected fields of African history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6423.

HIST 7433. Reading Seminar in Caribbean History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5433.) Historiographical and bibliographical study of special areas in Caribbean history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6433.

HIST 7443. Research Seminar in Caribbean History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

(Formerly HIST 5443.) A research seminar for the production of a major research project in Caribbean history. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 30 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6443.

HIST 7453. Reading Seminar in Global History (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Graduate seminar adopting global perspectives on Europe, US, Asia, Africa, Latin America. Decentering narratives focusing on regional approaches, the course examines the global implications of various historical developments. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to HIST 6453.