Courses

BIOL 1001L. Environmental Science Laboratory (Sp, Fa). 1 Hour.

Laboratory, field trip, and discussion sessions covering the concepts and information allowing students to critically evaluate environmental issues. Topics will include: laboratory safety, recycling, composting, geographic information systems, soil testing, water quality, hazardous wastes, waste disposal, wetlands, wastewater treatment, and sustainable food systems. Laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: BIOL 1003.

This course is cross-listed with ENSC 1001L.

BIOL 1003. Environmental Science (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

Series of lectures and discussions introducing the topic of environmental science including factors related to water, soil, and air quality. If taking course for University core Natural Science credit, BIOL 1001L is a corequisite. Corequisite: BIOL 1001L.

This course is cross-listed with ENSC 1003.

BIOL 1524. Biological Principles (Sp, Su, Fa). 4 Hours.

Integrated lecture and laboratory focusing on the overriding principles of Biology. Designed to convey biological reasoning to non-science majors. May not count as prerequisite for advanced courses in BIOL. Corequisite: Lab component.

BIOL 1541L. Principles of Biology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1014 Lab) (Sp, Su, Fa). 1 Hour.

Experimental and observational techniques used in biology with emphasis on the acquisition and interpretation of results that illustrate major biological principles. Corequisite: BIOL 1543.

BIOL 1541M. Honors Principles of Biology Laboratory (Sp, Fa). 1 Hour.

This course is designed for the well prepared student in the Honors program. It focuses on teaching students experimental and observational techniques used in the science of biology. It emphasizes the acquisition and interpretation of results that illustrate the major principles of biology. Corequisite: BIOL 1543H or BIOL 1543.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 1541L.

BIOL 1543. Principles of Biology (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1014 Lecture) (Sp, Su, Fa). 3 Hours.

Principles that unify biology with emphasis on scientific study that demonstrates how all organisms are the product of evolution and are parts of interacting systems from the molecular to the ecosystem level. Corequisite: BIOL 1541L.

BIOL 1543H. Honors Principles of Biology (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

This course is designed for the well prepared student in Honors program. It focuses on the principles that unify the science of biology. Students will be exposed to how scientific principles have been used to demonstrate that all organisms are the products of evolution and are parts of interacting systems from the molecular to the ecosystem level. Corequisite: BIOL 1541M or BIOL 1541L.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 1543.

BIOL 1584. Biology for Majors (Sp, Fa). 4 Hours.

Integrated lecture and laboratory course designed to prepare Biology Majors to enter the rest of the Biology Core of Cell Biology, General Genetics, Evolutionary Biology, and General Ecology. Pre- or Corequisite: CHEM 1103 or CHEM 1213.

BIOL 1584H. Honors Biology for Majors (Sp, Fa). 4 Hours.

Integrated lecture and laboratory course designed to prepare Biology Majors to enter the rest of the Biology Core of Cell Biology, General Genetics, Evolutionary Biology, and General Ecology. Pre or Corequisite: CHEM 1103 or CHEM 1213.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 1584.

BIOL 1601L. Principles of Zoology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1054 Lab) (Su, Fa). 1 Hour.

(Formerly ZOOL 1611L) Laboratory exercises illustrating animal structure, physiology, genetics, and ecology. Corequisite: BIOL 1603.

BIOL 1601M. Honors Principles of Zoology Laboratory (Fa). 1 Hour.

(Formerly ZOOL 1611M) Laboratory exercises illustrating animal structure, physiology, genetics, and ecology. Corequisite: BIOL 1603.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 1601L.

BIOL 1603. Principles of Zoology (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1054 Lecture) (Su, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly ZOOL 1613) Introduction to zoological principles relating to cells, organ systems, development, genetics, ecology, and animal phyla. Corequisite: BIOL 1601L or BIOL 1601M. Prerequisite: BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L.

BIOL 1611L. Plant Biology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1034 Lab) (Sp, Su). 1 Hour.

(Formerly BOTY 1611L) Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 1613.

BIOL 1611M. Honors Plant Biology Laboratory (Sp). 1 Hour.

(Formerly BOTY 1611M) Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 1613.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 1611L.

BIOL 1613. Plant Biology (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1034 Lecture) (Sp, Su). 3 Hours.

(Formerly BOTY 1613) Consideration of basic flowering plant structure, growth, development, physiology, genetics, ecology, and a brief survey of other plant groups. Lecture 3 hours per week. BIOL 1611L is recommended as a corequisite and both are required for partial fulfillment of the Fulbright College natural sciences requirement. Prerequisite: BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L.

BIOL 2011L. General Microbiology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 2004 Lab) (Sp, Su, Fa). 1 Hour.

Techniques for handling microorganisms. Does not count toward BS in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 2013.

BIOL 2011M. Honors General Microbiology Laboratory (Sp, Su, Fa). 1 Hour.

Techniques for handling microorganisms. Does not count towards BS in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 2013.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 2011L.

BIOL 2013. General Microbiology (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 2004 Lecture) (Sp, Su, Fa). 3 Hours.

Basic concepts of microbiology including diversity, genetics, metabolism, growth, control of growth, pathogenesis, and immunology. Does not count towards BS in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 2011L. Prerequisite: BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L and (CHEM 1073 and CHEM 1071L or CHEM 1103 or CHEM 1123 and CHEM 1121L or CHEM 1213 and CHEM 1211L).

BIOL 2211L. Human Physiology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 2414 Lab) (Sp, Fa). 1 Hour.

(Formerly ZOOL 2211L) Exercises include experiments on osmosis, reflexes, senses, muscle, cardiovascular system, ventilation, metabolism, renal function, etc. Data collection, analysis, and report writing. Does not satisfy the Fulbright College writing requirement. Does not count toward BS in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 2213.

BIOL 2213. Human Physiology (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 2414 Lecture) (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

(Formerly ZOOL 2213) Fundamental concepts of physiology with emphasis in the human. Does not count toward BS in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 2211L. Prerequisite: (CHEM 1073 and CHEM 1071L) or (CHEM 1103) or (CHEM 1123 and CHEM 1121L) and MATH 1203.

BIOL 2321L. General Genetics Laboratory (Sp, Fa). 1 Hour.

Analysis of genetic problems and experiments with emphasis on "hands-on" experience with a variety of organisms. May require time outside laboratory period. Laboratory 3 hours per week. Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 2323.

BIOL 2323. General Genetics (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

Surveys of Mendelian, molecular, and population mechanisms of inheritance and gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: (BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L) and (CHEM 1123 and CHEM 1121L or CHEM 1223 and 1221L) and (MATH 1203 or STAT 2023 or equivalent).

BIOL 2441L. Human Anatomy Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 2404 Lab) (Sp, Su, Fa). 1 Hour.

Laboratory 3 hours exercises in mammalian anatomy. Cannot be taken without prior credit in BIOL 2443 or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 2443. Does not count toward BS in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 2443.

BIOL 2443. Human Anatomy (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 2404 Lecture) (Sp, Su, Fa). 3 Hours.

Description of human body as a series of organ systems and their interrelationships. Does not count towards BS in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 2441L. Prerequisite: Four hours of biological sciences.

BIOL 2531L. Cell Biology Laboratory (Sp, Fa). 1 Hour.

Introduction to methods and techniques used in Cell Biology research. Laboratory experiences to highlight topics covered in BIOL 2533. Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 2533.

BIOL 2533. Cell Biology (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

Introduction to cell structure, cell processes, biological polymers, energetics, and diversity. An introduction to biochemistry and cell chemistry. Pre- or Corequisite: (CHEM 1123 and CHEM 1121L) or (CHEM 1223 and CHEM 1221L) or (CHEM 1133 and CHEM 1131L) or equivalent. Prerequisite: BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L.

BIOL 3004. Principles of Plant Pathology (Fa). 4 Hours.

Examination of the causes and symptoms of plant disease and the genetics of plant disease. Physiology, and ecology of host-pathogen interactions. Spread of disease and principles of disease control. Corequisite: Lab component.

This course is cross-listed with PLPA 3004.

BIOL 3011L. Introduction to Insect Identification Lab (Fa). 1 Hour.

Introductory lab course on insect identification, collection, and curation techniques, primarily designed as an intensive add-on to BIOL 3013 for students wanting a more in-depth examination of insect diversity. Insect collection required. Course includes field trips. Students are encouraged to contact instructor before enrolling. Pre- or corequisite: BIOL 3013.

BIOL 3013. Introduction to Entomology (Fa). 3 Hours.

Fundamentals of insect biology including structure and function, development, ecology, behavior, plant feeding and disease transmission. Lecture 3 hours/week. Students interested in a more intensive examination of insects, including collection, curation, and identification techniques, should sign up for the separate one credit lab BIOL 3011L. Suggested prerequisite: BIOL 1543.

This course is cross-listed with ENTO 3013.

BIOL 3023. Evolutionary Biology (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

An introduction to the mechanisms and patterns of evolutionary change. Seeks to develop logical, scientific skills and to apply them in understanding how life has changed during the history of the earth. Corequisite: Drill component.Prerequisite: (BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543, BIOL 1541L) and BIOL 2323.

BIOL 3123. Prokaryote Biology (Sp). 3 Hours.

An in-depth coverage of prokaryote diversity, genetics, metabolism, growth, structures and functions. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533.

BIOL 3123H. Honors Prokaryote Biology (Sp). 3 Hours.

An in-depth coverage of prokaryote diversity, genetics, metabolism, growth, structures and functions. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 3123.

BIOL 3273. UAteach Research Methods (Sp). 3 Hours.

A project-based course for prospective science and mathematics teachers utilizing scientific research methods and inquiry to solve research problems. Prerequisite: ARSC 1201 and ARSC 1221 and junior standing.

This course is cross-listed with PHYS 3273, CHEM 3273.

BIOL 3273H. Honors UAteach Research Methods (Sp). 3 Hours.

A project-based course for prospective science and mathematics teachers utilizing scientific research methods and inquiry to solve research problems. Prerequisite: ARSC 1201 and ARSC 1221, junior standing and honors.

This course is cross-listed with PHYS 3273, CHEM 3273, BIOL 3273.

BIOL 3404. Comparative Vertebrate Morphology (Sp, Fa). 4 Hours.

Anatomy of selected vertebrate animals with emphasis upon homologous structures in various animal groups. The recommended anatomy course for Biology BS majors. Lecture 2 or 3 hours, laboratory 4 or 6 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L.

BIOL 3861L. General Ecology Laboratory (Fa). 1 Hour.

General ecology lab. Pre-or Corequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 3863. General Ecology (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

Ecological principles and concepts; environmental factors and interactions that determine distribution and abundance of organisms. Prerequisite: 7 hours of biological science.

BIOL 3923H. Honors Colloquium (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Covers a special topic or issue, offered as part of the honors program. Prerequisite: honors candidacy (not restricted to candidacy in biological sciences). May be repeated for degree credit.

BIOL 4003. Laboratory in Prokaryote Biology (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

Laboratory techniques in prokaryote culture, identification, physiology, metabolism, and genetics. Laboratory 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 3123.

BIOL 4013. Insect Behavior and Chemical Ecology (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Basic concepts in insect senses and patterns of behavioral responses to various environmental stimuli. Previous knowledge of basic entomology is helpful, but not required. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory/discussion 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component.

This course is cross-listed with ENTO 4013.

BIOL 4024. Insect Diversity and Taxonomy (Even years, Fa). 4 Hours.

Principles and practices of insect classification and identification with emphasis on adult insects. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: ENTO 3013.

This course is cross-listed with ENTO 4024.

BIOL 4053. Insect Ecology (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

To develop understanding of important ecological concepts through study of dynamic relationships among insects and their environment. To become familiar with the literature of insect ecology, and interpretation and critique of ecological research. Previous knowledge of basic entomology and/or ecology will be assumed. Corequisite: Lab component.

This course is cross-listed with ENTO 4053.

BIOL 4104. Taxonomy of Flowering Plants (Sp). 4 Hours.

Identifying, naming, and classifying of wildflowers, weeds, trees, and other flowering plants. Emphasis is on the practical aspects of plant identification. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 1613 and BIOL 1611L and BIOL 2323 and BIOL 3023.

BIOL 4114. Dendrology (Fa). 4 Hours.

Morphology, classification, geographic distribution, and ecology of woody plants. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week, and fieldtrips. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 4122. Food Microbiology (Fa). 2 Hours.

The study of food microbiology including classification/taxonomy, contamination, preservation and spoilage of different kinds of foods, pathogenic microorganisms, food poisoning, sanitation, control and inspection and beneficial uses of microorganisms. Prerequisite: BIOL 2013 and BIOL 2011 or BIOL 2533.

This course is cross-listed with FDSC 4122.

BIOL 4133. Plant Disease Control (Fa). 3 Hours.

Principles, methods and mechanics of plant disease control. Emphasis is given to the integration of control measures and epidemiology of plant diseases. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: PLPA 3004.

This course is cross-listed with PLPA 4223.

BIOL 4143. Advanced Methods in Microscopy (Su). 3 Hours.

Stand alone course on laboratory methods course emphasizing techniques in modern microscopy. Individual research project required. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2531L. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

BIOL 4153. Biology of Global Change (Sp). 3 Hours.

Covers impact of global change on sustainability and adaptability of biological systems. Corequisite: BIOL 4252. Prerequisite: BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 4154.

BIOL 4154H. Honors Biology of Global Change (Sp). 4 Hours.

Covers impact of global change on sustainability and adaptability of biological systems. Prerequisite: (BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L) and junior standing.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 4154.

BIOL 4163. Dynamic Models in Biology (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Mathematical and computational techniques for developing, executing, and analyzing dynamic models arising in the biological sciences. Both discrete and continuous time models are studied. Applications include population dynamics, cellular dynamics, and the spread of infectious diseases. Prerequisite: MATH 2554.

This course is cross-listed with MATH 4163.

BIOL 4174. Conservation Genetics (Sp). 4 Hours.

Covers concepts of biodiversity identification and illustrates how genetic data are generated and analyzed to conserve and restore biological diversity. Corequisite: Lab component and drill. Prerequisite: BIOL 3023, BIOL 3863 and STAT 2023 (or equivalent), and Junior standing.

BIOL 4213. Biological Regulation and Subcellular Communication (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Combines lectures, review of primary literature, student presentations, and small group discussions to explore a diversity of topics related to mechanisms of biological regulation and subcellular communication. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2533.

BIOL 4233. Genomics and Bioinformatics (Sp). 3 Hours.

Principles of molecular and computational analyses of genomes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323.

BIOL 4233H. Honors Genomics and Bioinformatics (Sp). 3 Hours.

Principles of molecular and computational analyses of genomes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 4233.

BIOL 4234. Comparative Physiology (Fa). 4 Hours.

Comparison of fundamental physiological mechanisms in various animal groups. Adaptations to environmental factors at both the organismal and cellular levels are emphasized. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and CHEM 3613 and (CHEM 3611L or CHEM 3612M).

BIOL 4252. Biology of Global Change Seminar (Sp). 2 Hours.

Readings, essays, and group discussions that parallel the 27 lectures in BIOL 4153 and which dissect the resulting impacts of global change on sustainability and adaptability of biological systems. Corequisite: BIOL 4153. Prerequisite: BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L.

BIOL 4252H. Honors Biology of Global Change Seminar (Sp). 2 Hours.

Readings, essays, and group discussions that parallel the 27 lectures in BIOL 4153 and which dissect the resulting impacts of global change on sustainability and adaptability of biological systems. Corequisite: BIOL 4153. Prerequisite: BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 4252.

BIOL 4263. Cell Physiology (Fa). 3 Hours.

In-depth molecular coverage of cellular processes involved in growth, metabolism, transport, excitation, signalling and motility, with emphasis on function and regulation in eukaryotes, primarily animals. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323 and CHEM 3813 and PHYS 2033.

BIOL 4263H. Honors Cell Physiology (Fa). 3 Hours.

In-depth molecular coverage of cellular processes involved in growth, metabolism, transport, excitation, signalling and motility, with emphasis on function and regulation in eukaryotes, primarily animals. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323 and CHEM 3813 and PHYS 2033.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 4263.

BIOL 4273. Endocrinology (Sp). 3 Hours.

In endocrinology we study hormonal integration of living processes as all levels from molecule to organism. We will work with the mechanisms of hormone action, the endocrine control axes and hormones physiological role. The course will include paper discussions and student presentations on topics of special interest. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 or equivalent.

BIOL 4303. Plant Physiology (Fa). 3 Hours.

An introductory course in plant physiology focusing on cellular processes that support the metabolic, developmental, and reproductive needs of plants. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 or CHEM 3813 or CHEM 5843.

BIOL 4313. Molecular Cell Biology (Sp). 3 Hours.

In-depth molecular coverage of transcription, cell cycle, translation, and protein processing in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323 and CHEM 3603 and CHEM 3601L and CHEM 3613 and CHEM 3611L.

BIOL 4313H. Honors Molecular Cell Biology (Sp). 3 Hours.

In-depth molecular coverage of transcription, cell cycle, translation, and protein processing in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323 and CHEM 3603 and CHEM 3601L and CHEM 3613 and CHEM 3611L.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 4313.

BIOL 4323. Comparative Neurobiology (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Exploration of modern research approaches to understanding the development and function of animal nervous systems, with emphasis on molecular and cellular approaches in non-human animal models commonly used in biomedical research. Format combines lectures, group discussions, and student presentations using examples from the primary neurobiology literature. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2533 or equivalents.

BIOL 4333. Biotechnology in Agriculture (Fa). 3 Hours.

Discussion of the techniques, applications, and issues of biotechnology as it is being used in modern agriculture. Coverage includes the basics of molecular biology, production of transgenic plants and animals, and new applications in the agricultural, food, and medical marketplace. Lecture and discussion, 3 hours per week.

This course is cross-listed with PLPA 4333.

BIOL 4353. Ecological Genetics/Genomics (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Analysis of the genetics of natural and laboratory populations with emphasis on the ecological bases of evolutionary change. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2321L and MATH 2554 and STAT 2023 or equivalents.

BIOL 4404. Comparative Botany (Sp). 4 Hours.

A comparative approach to organisms classically considered to be plants with emphasis on morphology, life history, development, and phylogeny. Three hours lecture, 4 hours lab per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2533.

BIOL 4424. Mycology (Irregular). 4 Hours.

Form and function of the fungi. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 4 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2533.

BIOL 4433. Principles of Evolution (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Advanced survey of the mechanisms of evolutionary change with special emphasis on advances since the Modern Synthesis. Historical, theoretical, and population genetics approaches are discussed. Recommended BIOL 3023 and BIOL 2321L and BIOL 3861L. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 3863.

BIOL 4463. Physiological Ecology (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Interactions between environment, physiology, and properties of individuals and populations on both evolutionary and ecological scales. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863 and BIOL 4234 and its lab component.

BIOL 4511L. Population Ecology Laboratory (Even years, Fa). 1 Hour.

Population Ecology Lab. Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 4513.

BIOL 4513. Population Ecology (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Survey of theoretical and applied aspects of population processes stressing models of growth, interspecific interactions, and adaptation to physical and biotic environments. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 4523. Plant Ecology (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

To develop understanding of important ecological concepts through study of dynamics relationships among plants and their environment. To become familiar with the literature of plant ecology, and interpretation and critique of ecological research. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 4543. Developmental Biology (Irregular). 3 Hours.

An analysis of the principles and mechanisms of development emphasizing the embryonic and postembryonic development of animals. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323.

BIOL 4554. Developmental Biology with Laboratory (Fa). 4 Hours.

An analysis of the concepts of mechanisms of development emphasizing the experimental approach. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Students may not receive degree credit for both BIOL 4543 and BIOL 4554. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323 or graduate standing.

BIOL 4563. Cancer Biology (Fa). 3 Hours.

An introduction to the fundamentals of cancer biology. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

BIOL 4613. Primate Adaptation and Evolution (Sp). 3 Hours.

Introduction to the biology of the order Primates. This course considers the comparative anatomy, behavioral ecology and paleontology of our nearest living relatives. Prerequisite: BIOL 3023 or ANTH 1013.

This course is cross-listed with ANTH 4613.

BIOL 4634. Wetlands Ecology and Management (Irregular). 4 Hours.

To familiarize students with the ecology and management of wetlands. Students will be exposed to the characteristics of wetlands, the environmental factors that produce wetland types, and the management techniques used to meet desired wetland goals. Primary lecture topics will include: wetland definition, wetlands of the world, wetland status, trends, laws, wetland hydrology, wetland soils, wetland plants, wetland plant adaptations, wetland wildlife, wetland wildlife adaptations, wetland ecosystem development, and wetland management. Lecture 2 hours, Laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 4693. Forest Ecology (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Introduction to the various biological, ecological and historical aspects of forest communities, with particular emphasis on the forests of the central and southeastern United States. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 4703. Mechanisms of Pathogenesis (Fa). 3 Hours.

A survey of the events causing human disease at the molecular, cellular and genetic levels. Seeks to develop an appreciation that both the tricks pathogens use and the body's own defenses contribute to pathology. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533.

BIOL 4703H. Honors Mechanisms of Pathogenesis (Fa). 3 Hours.

A survey of the events causing human disease at the molecular, cellular and genetic levels. Seeks to develop an appreciation that both the tricks pathogens use and the body's own defenses contribute to pathology. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 4703.

BIOL 4711L. Basic Immunology Laboratory (Sp). 1 Hour.

Basic immunology laboratory. Corequisite: BIOL 4713.

BIOL 4713. Basic Immunology (Sp). 3 Hours.

(Formerly MBIO 4714) A general overview of immunity with emphasis on the underlying cellular, molecular, and genetic events, and discussions of more specialized issues in immunology, such as disease states involving the immune system, and other interesting problems in modern immunology. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2533.

BIOL 4713H. Honors Basic Immunology (Sp). 3 Hours.

A general overview of Immunity with emphasis on the underlying cellular, molecular, and genetic events, and discussions of more specialized issues in Immunology, such as disease states involving the Immune system, and other interesting problems in modern Immunology. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2533.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 4713.

BIOL 4724. Protistology (Irregular). 4 Hours.

The biology of eukaryotes other than animals, land plants, and fungi with emphasis on morphology and modern approaches to phylogenetic systematics. Three hours lecture, four hours lab/week. Involves writing term papers. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323.

BIOL 4734. Wildlife Management Techniques (Irregular). 4 Hours.

To familiarize students with techniques used in the management of wildlife populations. Students will be exposed to field methods, approaches to data analysis, experimental design, and how to write a scientific paper. Management applications will be emphasized. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 4744. Fish Biology (Odd years, Sp). 4 Hours.

Morphology, classification, life history, population dynamics, and natural history of fishes and fish-like vertebrates. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: 12 hours of biological science.

BIOL 4753. General Virology (Sp). 3 Hours.

An introduction to viral life-cycles, structure, and host cell interactions. Emphasis placed on molecular and biochemical aspects of virology. Two hour lecture and one hour discussion. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323.

BIOL 4763. Ornithology (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Taxonomy, morphology, physiology, behavior, and ecology of birds. Lecture, laboratory, and field work. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 4774. Biometry (Even years, Sp). 4 Hours.

Students learn biological statistics and experimental design by actually designing experiments and analyzing data, as well as through lecture, discussion, reading, writing, and problem solving. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours each week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: STAT 2023 or equivalent, BIOL 3863.

BIOL 4783. Mammalogy (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Lectures and laboratory dealing with classification, morphology, distribution, ecology, behavior, and physiology of mammals. Two hours lecture, 4 hours laboratory. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: 10 hours Biological Sciences.

BIOL 4793. Introduction to Neurobiology (Sp). 3 Hours.

Exploration of the neurological underpinnings of perception, action, and experience including: how sense receptors convert information in the world into electricity, how information flows through the nervous systems, how neural wiring makes vision possible, how the nervous system changes with experience, and how the system develops. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533.

BIOL 480V. Special Topics in Biological Sciences (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-6 Hour.

Consideration of new areas of biological sciences not yet treated adequately in other courses. Prerequisite: 8 hours of biological sciences. May be repeated for degree credit.

BIOL 480VH. Honors Special Topics in Biological Sciences (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-6 Hour.

Consideration of new areas of biological sciences not yet treated adequately in other courses. Prerequisite: 8 hours of biological sciences. May be repeated for degree credit.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 480V.

BIOL 4814. Limnology (Odd years, Fa). 4 Hours.

Physical, chemical and biological conditions of inland waters. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory by arrangement. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: (CHEM 1123 and CHEM 1121L) or equivalent and BIOL 3863 or instructor's permission.

BIOL 4833. Animal Behavior (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Organization, regulation, and phylogeny of animal behavior, emphasizing vertebrates. Lecture, laboratory, and field work. Corequisite: Lab component.

BIOL 4844. Community and Ecosystem Ecology (Odd years, Fa). 4 Hours.

Survey of theoretical and applied aspects of community processes stressing structure, tropic dynamics, community interactions, and major community types. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 485V. Field Ecology (Sp, Su). 1-3 Hour.

Project oriented approach employing current field and laboratory techniques, experimental design, and data analysis. Field trip is required.

BIOL 4863. Analysis of Animal Populations (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Basic principles of design and analysis for population studies of fish and wildlife species. Students will be instructed in the use of the latest software for estimating population parameters. Focus will be on both concepts and applications. Management applications of estimated parameters will be emphasized. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 4873. Microbial Molecular Genetics and Informatics (Fa). 3 Hours.

Fundamentals of microbial genomics and bioinformatics. Course covers microbial genetics, genetic structure, genome organization, proteome organization, approaches for the analysis of DNA, RNA, and proteins, cellular metabolic pathways, genetic regulation, small RNA molecules, functional genomics, metagenomics, and bioinformatics approaches for analysis of microbial genomes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 or BIOL 2533.

BIOL 4873H. Honors Microbial Molecular Genetics and Informatics (Fa). 3 Hours.

Fundamentals of microbial genomics and bioinformatics. Course covers microbial genetics, genetic structure, genome organization, proteome organization, approaches for the analysis of DNA, RNA, and proteins, cellular metabolic pathways, genetic regulation, small RNA molecules, functional genomics, metagenomics, and bioinformatics approaches for analysis of microbial genomes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 or BIOL 2533.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 4873.

BIOL 496V. Culture and Environment: Field Studies (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

May be taken by students participating in overseas study programs or other domestic field study programs approved by the department. May be repeated for up to 12 hours of degree credit.

BIOL 496VH. Honors Culture and Environment: Field Studies (Irregular). 1-6 Hour.

May be taken by students participating in overseas study programs or other domestic field study programs approved by the department. May be repeated for up to 12 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 496V.

BIOL 498V. Senior Thesis (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-6 Hour.

BIOL 499V. Research In Biological Sciences (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-4 Hour.

Prerequisite: senior standing. May be repeated for up to 8 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 499.

BIOL 499VH. Honors Research in Biological Sciences (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-4 Hour.

Prerequisite: Senior standing. May be repeated for up to 8 hours of degree credit.

This course is equivalent to BIOL 499.

BIOL 5001. Seminar in Biology (Sp, Fa). 1 Hour.

Discussion of selected topics and review of current literature in any area of the biological sciences. May be repeated for up to 2 hours of degree credit.

This course is cross-listed with CEMB 5911.

BIOL 5003. Laboratory in Prokaryote Biology (Sp, Fa). 3 Hours.

Laboratory techniques in prokaryote culture, identification, physiology, metabolism, and genetics. Laboratory 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 3123.

BIOL 5133. Insect Molecular Genetics (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

A hands on course in insect molecular genetic techniques including molecular diagnostics and population genetics. Students will learn how to apply advanced molecular genetic methodologies and Internet database resources to insects that they are using for their graduate research.

This course is cross-listed with ENTO 5133.

BIOL 5143. Advanced Methods in Microscopy (Su). 3 Hours.

Stand alone course on laboratory methods emphasizing techniques in modern microscopy. Individual research project required. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

BIOL 5153. Practical Programming for Biologists (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Hands-on instruction in the fundamentals of biological computing. Students learn how to set up a Unix work station, work from the command line, install software, build databases, and program in Perl, a popular scripting language for biological applications. Most examples focus on the analysis of genomic data.

BIOL 5174. Conservation Genetics (Sp). 4 Hours.

Covers concepts of biodiversity identification and illustrates how genetic data are generated and analyzed to conserve and restore biological diversity. Prerequisite: BIOL 3023, BIOL 3863 and STAT 2023 (or equivalent) and graduate standing.

BIOL 5213. Biological Regulation and Subcellular Communication (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Combines lectures, review of primary literature, student presentations, and small group discussions to explore a diversity of topics related to mechanisms of biological regulation and subcellular communication. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

BIOL 5233. Genomics and Bioinformatics (Sp). 3 Hours.

Principles of molecular and computational analyses of genomes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 or BIOL 2323.

BIOL 5263. Cell Physiology (Fa). 3 Hours.

In-depth molecular coverage of cellular processes involved in growth, metabolism, transport, excitation, signaling and motility, with emphasis on function and regulation in eukaryotes, primarily animals. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323, BIOL 2533, BIOL 2531L, CHEM 3813, and PHYS 2033.

BIOL 5273. Endocrinology (Sp). 3 Hours.

In endocrinology we study hormonal integration of living processes at all levels from molecule to organism. We will work with the mechanisms of hormone action, the endocrine control axes and hormones physiological role. The course will include paper discussions and student presentations on topics of special interest.

BIOL 5303. Plant Physiology (Fa). 3 Hours.

Introductory course in plant physiology focusing on cellular processes that support the metabolic, developmental, and reproductive needs of plants. Prerequisite: Cell Biology or Biochemistry.

BIOL 5313. Molecular Cell Biology (Sp). 3 Hours.

In-depth molecular coverage of transcription, cell cycle, translation, and protein processing in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323 and CHEM 3603 and CHEM 3601L and CHEM 3613 and CHEM 3611L.

BIOL 5323. Comparative Neurobiology (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Exploration of modern research approaches to understanding the development and function of animal nervous systems, with emphasis on molecular and cellular approaches in non-human animal models commonly used in biomedical research. Format combines lectures, group discussions, and student presentations using examples from the primary neurobiology literature. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

BIOL 5343. Advanced Immunology (Sp). 3 Hours.

Aspects of innate, cell-mediated, and humoral immunity in mammalian and avian species. Molecular mechanisms underlying the function of the immune system are emphasized. A course in Basic Immunology prior to enrollment in Advanced Immunology is recommended but not required. Lecture 3 hours per week.

This course is cross-listed with POSC 5343.

BIOL 5352L. Immunology in the Laboratory (Sp). 2 Hours.

Laboratory course on immune-diagnostic laboratory techniques and uses of antibodies as a research tool. Included are cell isolation and characterization procedures, immunochemistry, flow cytometry, ELISA and cell culture assay systems. Laboratory 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: POSC 5343 or BIOL 5343.

This course is cross-listed with POSC 5352L.

BIOL 5353. Ecological Genetics/genomics (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Analysis of the genetics of natural and laboratory populations with emphasis on the ecological bases of evolutionary change. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2321L, BIOL 3023 and MATH 2554 and STAT 2023 or equivalents.

BIOL 5404. Comparative Botany (Odd years, Fa). 4 Hours.

A comparative approach to organisms classically considered to be plants with emphasis on morphology, life history, development, and phylogeny. Three hours lecture, 4 hours lab per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: graduate standing.

BIOL 5414. Mycology (Irregular). 4 Hours.

Form and function of the fungi. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 4 hours per week.Corequisite: Laboratory component.

BIOL 5423. Human Evolutionary Anatomy (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Paleobiologists reconstruct past lifeways and systematic relationships of our ancestors using comparative studies of bony morphology and associated soft tissues. This course surveys methods and theories used to infer function and phylogeny, and details relevant aspects of the anatomy of humans, living great apes, and fossil human ancestors. Prerequisite: ANTH 1013 and BIOL 1543.

This course is cross-listed with ANTH 5423.

BIOL 5433. Principles of Evolution (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Advanced survey of the mechanisms of evolutionary change with special emphasis on advances since the Modern Synthesis. Historical, theoretical, and population genetics approaches are discussed. Recommended: BIOL 3023 and BIOL 2321L and BIOL 3861L. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 3863.

BIOL 5463. Physiological Ecology (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Interactions between environment, physiology, and properties of individuals and populations on both evolutionary and ecological scales. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863 and BIOL 4234.

BIOL 5511L. Population Ecology Laboratory (Even Years, Fa). 1 Hour.

Demonstration of the models and concepts from BIOL 5513. Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 5513.

BIOL 5513. Population Ecology (Even years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Survey of theoretical and applied aspects of populations processes stressing models of growth, interspecific interactions, and adaptation to physical and biotic environments. Corequisite: BIOL 5511L. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 5523. Plant Ecology (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

To develop understanding of important ecological concepts through study of dynamics relationships among plants and their environment. To become familiar with the literature of plant ecology, and interpretation and critique of ecological research. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 5524. Developmental Biology with Laboratory (Fa). 4 Hours.

An analysis of the concepts and mechanisms of development emphasizing the experimental approach. Students may not receive degree credit for both BIOL 5543 Developmental Biology and BIOL 5524 Developmental Biology with Laboratory. Corequisite: Lab component.

BIOL 5534. Biochemical Genetics (Sp). 4 Hours.

Lectures and laboratories based on modern molecular genetic techniques for analyses of eukaryotes and manipulation of prokaryotes. A hands-on course in recombinant DNA techniques: laboratory practices in gene identification, cloning, and characterization. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 6 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 (or equivalent) and CHEM 3813 (or equivalent).

BIOL 5543. Developmental Biology (Irregular). 3 Hours.

An analysis of the principles and mechanisms of development emphasizing the embryonic and postembryonic development of animals. Degree credit will not be allowed for both BIOL 5543 and BIOL 5524.

BIOL 5553. Astrobiology (Irregular). 3 Hours.

Discusses the scientific basis for the possible existence of extraterrestrial life. Includes the origin and evolution of life on Earth, possibility of life elsewhere in the solar system (including Mars), and the possibility of life on planets around other stars. Prerequisite: Instructor consent.

This course is cross-listed with SPAC 5553.

BIOL 5563. Cancer Biology (Fa). 3 Hours.

An introduction to the fundamentals of cancer biology. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

BIOL 5634. Wetlands Ecology and Management (Irregular). 4 Hours.

To familiarize students with the ecology and management of wetlands. Students will be exposed to the characteristics of wetlands, the environmental factors that produce wetland types, and the management techniques used to meet desired wetland goals. Primary lecture topics will include: wetland definition, wetlands of the world, wetland status, trends, laws, wetland hydrology, wetland soils, wetland plants, wetland plant adaptations, wetland ecosystem development, and wetland management. Lecture 2 hours, Laboratory 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 5643. Eukaryote Phylogeny (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Molecular analysis of the eukaryotic tree of life, phylogenetic tree reconstruction, and eukaryote diversity and evolutionary relationships.

BIOL 5703. Mechanisms of Pathogenesis (Fa). 3 Hours.

A survey of events causing human disease at the molecular, cellular and genetic levels. Seeks to develop an appreciation that both the tricks pathogens use and the body's own defenses contribute to pathology.

BIOL 5713. Basic Immunology (Sp). 3 Hours.

A general overview of Immunity with emphasis on the underlying cellular, molecular and genetic events controlling immune reactions. Reading of the primary literature on disease states involving the immune system.

BIOL 5723. Fish Biology (Odd years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Morphology, classification, life histories, population dynamics, and natural history of fishes and fish-like vertebrates. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: 12 hours of biological sciences.

BIOL 5734. Protistology (Irregular). 4 Hours.

The biology of eukaryotes other than animals, land plants, and fungi with emphasis on morphology and modern approaches to phylogenetic systematics. Three hours lecture, four hours lab/week. Involves writing term papers. Corequisite: Lab component.

BIOL 5743. Herpetology (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Morphology, classification and ecology of amphibians and reptiles. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 1 hour per week. Corequisite: Lab component.

BIOL 5753. General Virology (Sp). 3 Hours.

An introduction to viral life-cycles, structure, and host cell interactions. Emphasis placed on molecular and biochemical aspects of virology. Two hour lecture and one hour discussion. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323.

BIOL 5763. Ornithology (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

Taxonomy, morphology, physiology, behavior, and ecology of birds. Lecture, laboratory, and field work. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: 10 hours of biological sciences.

BIOL 5783. Mammalogy (Fa). 3 Hours.

Lectures and laboratory dealing with classification, morphology, distribution, ecology, behavior, and physiology of mammals. Two hours lecture, 4 hours laboratory. Corequisite: Lab component.

BIOL 580V. Special Topics in Biological Sciences (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-6 Hour.

Consideration of new areas of biological sciences not yet treated adequately in other courses. Prerequisite: 8 hours of biological sciences. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

BIOL 5814. Limnology (Odd years, Fa). 4 Hours.

Physical, chemical and biological conditions of inland waters. Lecture 3 hours per week, laboratory arranged. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: (CHEM 1123 and CHEM 1121L) or equivalent and 12 hours of biological sciences.

BIOL 5833. Animal Behavior (Odd years, Fa). 3 Hours.

Organization, regulation, and phylogeny of animal behavior, emphasizing vertebrates. Lecture, laboratory, and field work. Corequisite: Lab component.

BIOL 5843. Conservation Biology (Irregular). 3 Hours.

The study of direct and indirect factors by which biodiversity is impacted by human activity. It is a synthetic field of study that incorporates principles of ecology, biogeography, population genetics, economics, sociology, anthropology, philosophy, geology, and geography. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 5844. Community Ecology (Odd years, Fa). 4 Hours.

Survey of theoretical and applied aspects of community processes stressing structure, trophic dynamics, community interactions, and major community types. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL 585V. Field Ecology (Irregular). 1-3 Hour.

Project-oriented approach employing current field and laboratory techniques, experimental design and data analysis. Field trip is required. May be repeated for degree credit.

BIOL 5873. Microbial Molecular Genetics and Informatics (Fa). 3 Hours.

Fundamentals of microbial genomics and bioinformatics. Course covers microbial genetics, genetic structure, genome organization, proteome organization, approaches for the analysis of DNA, RNA, and proteins, cellular metabolic pathways, genetic regulation, small RNA molecules, functional genomics, metagenomics, and bioinformatics approaches for analysis of microbial genomes. Prerequisite: Graduate status.

BIOL 5914. Stream Ecology (Even years, Fa). 4 Hours.

Current concepts and research in lotic ecosystem dynamics. Lecture, laboratory, field work and individual research projects required. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: Some previous course work in ecology is essential.

BIOL 5933. Global Biogeochemistry: Elemental Cycles and Environmental Change (Odd Years, Sp). 3 Hours.

This course explores the chemical, biological, and geological processes occurring within ecosystems. An understanding of these processes is used to investigate how they form the global biogeochemical cycles that provide energy and nutrients necessary for life. Class discussions focus on global change and the effects of more recent anthropogenic influences. Prerequisite: College level chemistry or biochemistry and ecology.

BIOL 600V. Master's Thesis (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-6 Hour.

Master's Thesis. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for degree credit.

BIOL 6113. Insect Physiology (Even years, Sp). 3 Hours.

General and comparative physiology of insects. Previous knowledge of basic entomology is helpful, but not required. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component.

This course is cross-listed with ENTO 6113.

BIOL 700V. Doctoral Dissertation (Sp, Su, Fa). 1-18 Hour.

Doctoral Dissertation. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for degree credit.