Courses

BIOL 1524. Biological Principles (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1004 Lecture). 4 Hours.

Integrated lecture and laboratory focusing on the overriding principles of Biology. Designed to convey biological reasoning to non-science majors. May not count as prerequisite for advanced courses in BIOL. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer)

BIOL 1541L. Principles of Biology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1014 Lab). 1 Hour.

Experimental and observational techniques used in biology with emphasis on the acquisition and interpretation of results that illustrate major biological principles. Corequisite: BIOL 1543. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer)

BIOL 1541M. Honors Principles of Biology Laboratory. 1 Hour.

This course is designed for the well prepared student in the Honors program. It focuses on teaching students experimental and observational techniques used in the science of biology. It emphasizes the acquisition and interpretation of results that illustrate the major principles of biology. Corequisite: BIOL 1543H or BIOL 1543. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)
This course is equivalent to BIOL 1541L.

BIOL 1543. Principles of Biology (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1014 Lecture). 3 Hours.

Principles that unify biology with emphasis on scientific study that demonstrates how all organisms are the product of evolution and are parts of interacting systems from the molecular to the ecosystem level. Corequisite: BIOL 1541L. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer)

BIOL 1543H. Honors Principles of Biology. 3 Hours.

This course is designed for the well prepared student in Honors program. It focuses on the principles that unify the science of biology. Students will be exposed to how scientific principles have been used to demonstrate that all organisms are the products of evolution and are parts of interacting systems from the molecular to the ecosystem level. Corequisite: BIOL 1541M or BIOL 1541L. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)
This course is equivalent to BIOL 1543.

BIOL 1584. Biology for Majors (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1014 Lecture). 4 Hours.

Integrated lecture and laboratory course designed to prepare Biology Majors to enter the rest of the Biology Core of Cell Biology, General Genetics, Evolutionary Biology, and General Ecology. Pre- or Corequisite: CHEM 1103 or CHEM 1203. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

BIOL 1584H. Honors Biology for Majors. 4 Hours.

Integrated lecture and laboratory course designed to prepare Biology Majors to enter the rest of the Biology Core of Cell Biology, General Genetics, Evolutionary Biology, and General Ecology. Pre or Corequisite: CHEM 1103 or CHEM 1203. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)
This course is equivalent to BIOL 1584.

BIOL 1601L. Principles of Zoology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1054 Lab). 1 Hour.

Laboratory exercises illustrating animal structure, physiology, genetics, and ecology. Corequisite: BIOL 1603. (Typically offered: Fall and Summer)

BIOL 1603. Principles of Zoology (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1054 Lecture). 3 Hours.

Introduction to zoological principles relating to cells, organ systems, development, genetics, ecology, and animal phyla. Corequisite: BIOL 1601L. Prerequisite: BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L. (Typically offered: Fall and Summer)

BIOL 1611L. Plant Biology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1034 Lab). 1 Hour.

Plant biology lab. Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 1613. (Typically offered: Spring and Summer)

BIOL 1613. Plant Biology (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1034 Lecture). 3 Hours.

Consideration of basic flowering plant structure, growth, development, physiology, genetics, ecology, and a brief survey of other plant groups. Lecture 3 hours per week. BIOL 1611L is recommended as a corequisite and both are required for partial fulfillment of the Fulbright College natural sciences requirement. Prerequisite: BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L. (Typically offered: Spring and Summer)

BIOL 1693. Biology Bridges. 3 Hours.

Prepares students for advanced biology courses including genetics, cell biology, ecology, and evolutionary biology, among others. Synthesizes sub-disciplines within biology using the underlying concepts of evolutionary theory found in scientific literature. Prerequisite: BIOL 1543 or BIOL 1584. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 2011L. General Microbiology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 2004 Lab). 1 Hour.

Techniques for handling microorganisms. Does not count toward BS in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 2013. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer)

BIOL 2011M. Honors General Microbiology Laboratory. 1 Hour.

Techniques for handling microorganisms. Does not count towards BS in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 2013. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer)
This course is equivalent to BIOL 2011L.

BIOL 2013. General Microbiology (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 2004 Lecture). 3 Hours.

Basic concepts of microbiology including diversity, genetics, metabolism, growth, control of growth, pathogenesis, and immunology. Does not count towards BS in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 2011L. Prerequisite: (BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L) or BIOL 1584)) and (CHEM 1073 and CHEM 1071L or CHEM 1103 or CHEM 1123 and CHEM 1121L or CHEM 1203 and CHEM 1201L). (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer)

BIOL 2211L. Human Physiology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 2414 Lab). 1 Hour.

Exercises include experiments on osmosis, reflexes, senses, muscle, cardiovascular system, ventilation, metabolism, renal function, etc. Data collection, analysis, and report writing. Does not satisfy the Fulbright College writing requirement. Does not count toward BS in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 2213. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

BIOL 2213. Human Physiology (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 2414 Lecture). 3 Hours.

Fundamental concepts of physiology with emphasis in the human. Does not count toward BS in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 2211L. Prerequisite: (CHEM 1073 and CHEM 1071L) or (CHEM 1103) or (CHEM 1123 and CHEM 1121L) and MATH 1203. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

BIOL 2321L. General Genetics Laboratory. 1 Hour.

Analysis of genetic problems and experiments with emphasis on "hands-on" experience with a variety of organisms. May require time outside laboratory period. Laboratory 3 hours per week. Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 2323. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

BIOL 2323. General Genetics. 3 Hours.

Surveys of Mendelian, molecular, and population mechanisms of inheritance and gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: (BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L) and (CHEM 1103 or CHEM 1203) and (MATH 1203 or higher or STAT 2823 or STAT 2303 or equivalent). (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

BIOL 2441L. Human Anatomy Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 2404 Lab). 1 Hour.

Laboratory 3 hours exercises in mammalian anatomy. Cannot be taken without prior credit in BIOL 2443 or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 2443. Does not count toward BS in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 2443. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer)

BIOL 2443. Human Anatomy (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 2404 Lecture). 3 Hours.

Description of human body as a series of organ systems and their interrelationships. Does not count towards BS in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 2441L. Prerequisite: Four hours of biological sciences. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer)

BIOL 2531L. Cell Biology Laboratory. 1 Hour.

Introduction to methods and techniques used in Cell Biology research. Laboratory experiences to highlight topics covered in BIOL 2533. Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

BIOL 2533. Cell Biology. 3 Hours.

Introduction to cell structure, cell processes, biological polymers, energetics, and diversity. An introduction to biochemistry and cell chemistry. Recommended: (CHEM 1123 and CHEM 1121L) or (CHEM 1223 and CHEM 1221L) or equivalent. Prerequisite: BIOL 1584, or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

BIOL 2723L. Microbial Fermentation Laboratory. 3 Hours.

An inquiry-based introductory lab course that explores the biology and chemistry of brewing, with a focus on brewing microbiology. Laboratory 6 hours per week. Students must be 21 years of age or older on the first day of class. Prerequisite: BIOL 1543 or BIOL 1584. Pre- or Corequisite: FDSC 2723. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 3001L. Principles of Plant Pathology Lab. 1 Hour.

Lab course in examination of the causes and symptoms of plant disease and the genetics of plant disease. Physiology, and ecology of host-pathogen interactions. Spread of disease and principles of disease control. Pre- or Corequisite: PLPA 3003 or BIOL 3003. (Typically offered: Fall)
This course is cross-listed with PLPA 3001L.

BIOL 3003. Principles of Plant Pathology. 3 Hours.

Examination of the causes and symptoms of plant disease and the genetics of plant disease. Physiology, and ecology of host-pathogen interactions. Spread of disease and principles of disease control. (Typically offered: Fall)
This course is cross-listed with PLPA 3003.

BIOL 3011L. Introduction to Insect Identification Lab. 1 Hour.

Introductory lab course on insect identification, collection, and curation techniques, primarily designed as an intensive add-on to BIOL 3013 for students wanting a more in-depth examination of insect diversity. Insect collection required. Course includes field trips. Students are encouraged to contact instructor before enrolling. Pre- or corequisite: BIOL 3013. (Typically offered: Fall)
This course is cross-listed with ENTO 3011L.

BIOL 3013. Introduction to Entomology. 3 Hours.

Fundamentals of insect biology including structure and function, development, ecology, behavior, plant feeding and disease transmission. Lecture 3 hours/week. Students interested in a more intensive examination of insects, including collection, curation, and identification techniques, should sign up for the separate one credit lab BIOL 3011L. Students are strongly encouraged to take BIOL 1543 before registering for this course. (Typically offered: Fall)
This course is cross-listed with ENTO 3013.

BIOL 3023. Evolutionary Biology. 3 Hours.

An introduction to the mechanisms and patterns of evolutionary change. Seeks to develop logical, scientific skills and to apply them in understanding how life has changed during the history of the earth. Corequisite: Drill component. Prerequisite: (BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543, BIOL 1541L) and BIOL 2323. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

BIOL 3043. Bones, Bodies, and Brains in Evolutionary Perspective. 3 Hours.

Reviews the anatomy of the human body, comparing this anatomy with primates, mammals, and vertebrates, and it will consider how the major features of the human body emerged throughout evolution. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 3123. Prokaryote Biology. 3 Hours.

An in-depth coverage of prokaryote diversity, genetics, metabolism, growth, structures and functions. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 3123H. Honors Prokaryote Biology. 3 Hours.

An in-depth coverage of prokaryote diversity, genetics, metabolism, growth, structures and functions. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Spring)
This course is equivalent to BIOL 3123.

BIOL 3273. UAteach Research Methods. 3 Hours.

A project-based course for prospective science and mathematics teachers utilizing scientific research methods and inquiry to solve research problems. Prerequisite: ARSC 1201 and ARSC 1221. (Typically offered: Spring)
This course is cross-listed with PHYS 3273, CHEM 3273.

BIOL 3273H. Honors UAteach Research Methods. 3 Hours.

A project-based course for prospective science and mathematics teachers utilizing scientific research methods and inquiry to solve research problems. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: ARSC 1201 and ARSC 1221, junior standing and honors. (Typically offered: Spring)
This course is cross-listed with PHYS 3273, CHEM 3273, BIOL 3273.

BIOL 3404. Comparative Vertebrate Morphology. 4 Hours.

Anatomy of selected vertebrate animals with emphasis upon homologous structures in various animal groups. The recommended anatomy course for Biology BS majors. Lecture 2 or 3 hours, laboratory 4 or 6 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

BIOL 3861L. General Ecology Laboratory. 1 Hour.

General ecology lab. Pre-or Corequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 3863. General Ecology. 3 Hours.

Ecological principles and concepts; environmental factors and interactions that determine distribution and abundance of organisms. Prerequisite: 7 hours of biological science. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

BIOL 3923H. Honors Colloquium. 3 Hours.

Covers a special topic or issue, offered as part of the honors program. Prerequisite: honors candidacy (not restricted to candidacy in biological sciences). (Typically offered: Irregular) May be repeated for degree credit.

BIOL 4003L. Laboratory in Prokaryote Biology. 3 Hours.

Laboratory techniques in prokaryote culture, identification, physiology, metabolism, and genetics. Laboratory 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 3123. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

BIOL 4013. Insect Behavior and Chemical Ecology. 3 Hours.

Basic concepts in insect senses and patterns of behavioral responses to various environmental stimuli. Previous knowledge of basic entomology is helpful, but not required. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory/discussion 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Spring Even Years)
This course is cross-listed with ENTO 4013.

BIOL 4024. Insect Diversity and Taxonomy. 4 Hours.

Principles and practices of insect classification and identification with emphasis on adult insects. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: ENTO 3013. (Typically offered: Fall Even Years)
This course is cross-listed with ENTO 4024.

BIOL 4053. Insect Ecology. 3 Hours.

To develop understanding of important ecological concepts through study of dynamic relationships among insects and their environment. To become familiar with the literature of insect ecology, and interpretation and critique of ecological research. Previous knowledge of basic entomology and/or ecology will be assumed. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Fall Even Years)
This course is cross-listed with ENTO 4053.

BIOL 4104. Taxonomy of Flowering Plants. 4 Hours.

Identifying, naming, and classifying of wildflowers, weeds, trees, and other flowering plants. Emphasis is on the practical aspects of plant identification. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 1613 and BIOL 1611L and BIOL 2323 and BIOL 3023. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 4114. Dendrology. 4 Hours.

Morphology, classification, geographic distribution, and ecology of woody plants. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week, and fieldtrips. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 4122. Food Microbiology. 2 Hours.

The study of food microbiology including classification/taxonomy, contamination, preservation and spoilage of different kinds of foods, pathogenic microorganisms, food poisoning, sanitation, control and inspection and beneficial uses of microorganisms. Prerequisite: BIOL 2013 and BIOL 2011L or BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Fall)
This course is cross-listed with FDSC 4122.

BIOL 4133. Plant Disease Control. 3 Hours.

Principles, methods and mechanics of plant disease control. Emphasis is given to the integration of control measures and epidemiology of plant diseases. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: PLPA 3003. (Typically offered: Fall)
This course is cross-listed with PLPA 4223.

BIOL 4153. Biology of Global Change. 3 Hours.

Covers impact of global change on sustainability and adaptability of biological systems. Corequisite: BIOL 4252. Prerequisite: BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L or BIOL 1584 and BIOL 1584H. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 4163. Dynamic Models in Biology. 3 Hours.

Mathematical and computational techniques for developing, executing, and analyzing dynamic models arising in the biological sciences. Both discrete and continuous time models are studied. Applications include population dynamics, cellular dynamics, and the spread of infectious diseases. Prerequisite: MATH 2554. (Typically offered: Irregular)
This course is cross-listed with MATH 4163.

BIOL 4174. Conservation Genetics. 4 Hours.

Covers concepts of biodiversity identification and illustrates how genetic data are generated and analyzed to conserve and restore biological diversity. Corequisite: Lab component and drill. Prerequisite: BIOL 3023, BIOL 3863 and STAT 2823 (or equivalent), and Junior standing. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 4213. Biological Regulation and Subcellular Communication. 3 Hours.

Combines lectures, review of primary literature, student presentations, and small group discussions to explore a diversity of topics related to mechanisms of biological regulation and subcellular communication. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 4223. Bacterial Lifestyles. 3 Hours.

Introduces students to bacteria as prokaryotic organisms, different from eukaryotes such as plants and animals. Model microbial systems will be studied to identify unique strategies that bacteria employ to thrive in their respective environments or develop special adaptations to harsh environments. Prerequisite: BIOL 2013 and BIOL 2011L or BIOL 3123. (Typically offered: Spring Odd Years)
This course is cross-listed with PLPA 4123.

BIOL 4233. Genomics and Bioinformatics. 3 Hours.

Principles of molecular and computational analyses of genomes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 4233H. Honors Genomics and Bioinformatics. 3 Hours.

Principles of molecular and computational analyses of genomes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323. (Typically offered: Spring)
This course is equivalent to BIOL 4233.

BIOL 4234. Comparative Physiology. 4 Hours.

Comparison of fundamental physiological mechanisms in various animal groups. Adaptations to environmental factors at both the organismal and cellular levels are emphasized. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and CHEM 3613 and (CHEM 3611L or CHEM 3612M). (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 4241L. Ichthyology Laboratory. 1 Hour.

Practical application of fish identification based on anatomy, fish sampling methods, and curation of fish specimen. Laboratory component of BIOL 4243. Corequisite: BIOL 4243. (Typically offered: Spring Odd Years)

BIOL 4241M. Honors Ichthyology Laboratory. 1 Hour.

Practical application of fish identification based on anatomy, fish sampling methods, and curation of fish specimen. Laboratory component of BIOL 4243H. Prerequisite: Honors standing. Corequisite: BIOL 4243H. (Typically offered: Spring Odd Years)
This course is equivalent to BIOL 4241L.

BIOL 4243. Ichthyology. 3 Hours.

Comprehensive overview of the diversity of fishes. Covers anatomy, physiology, evolution, taxonomy, ecology, behavior, zoogeography and conservation of marine and freshwater fishes. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: Eight credits in Biology. Corequisite: BIOL 4241L. (Typically offered: Spring Odd Years)

BIOL 4243H. Honors Ichthyology. 3 Hours.

Comprehensive overview of the diversity of fishes. Covers anatomy, physiology, evolution, taxonomy, ecology, behavior, zoogeography and conservation of marine and freshwater fishes. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: Eight credits in Biology and honors standing. Corequisite: BIOL 4241L. (Typically offered: Spring Odd Years)
This course is equivalent to BIOL 4243.

BIOL 4252. Biology of Global Change Seminar. 2 Hours.

Readings, essays, and group discussions that parallel the 27 lectures in BIOL 4153 and which dissect the resulting impacts of global change on sustainability and adaptability of biological systems. Corequisite: BIOL 4153. Prerequisite: BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 4252H. Honors Biology of Global Change Seminar. 2 Hours.

Readings, essays, and group discussions that parallel the 27 lectures in BIOL 4153 and which dissect the resulting impacts of global change on sustainability and adaptability of biological systems. Corequisite: BIOL 4153. Prerequisite: BIOL 1584 or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L. (Typically offered: Spring)
This course is equivalent to BIOL 4252.

BIOL 4263. Cell Physiology. 3 Hours.

In-depth molecular coverage of cellular processes involved in growth, metabolism, transport, excitation, signalling and motility, with emphasis on function and regulation in eukaryotes, primarily animals. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323 and CHEM 3813 and PHYS 2033. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 4263H. Honors Cell Physiology. 3 Hours.

In-depth molecular coverage of cellular processes involved in growth, metabolism, transport, excitation, signalling and motility, with emphasis on function and regulation in eukaryotes, primarily animals. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323 and CHEM 3813 and PHYS 2033. (Typically offered: Fall)
This course is equivalent to BIOL 4263.

BIOL 4273. Endocrinology. 3 Hours.

In endocrinology we study hormonal integration of living processes as all levels from molecule to organism. We will work with the mechanisms of hormone action, the endocrine control axes and hormones physiological role. The course will include paper discussions and student presentations on topics of special interest. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 or equivalent. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 4303. Plant Physiology. 3 Hours.

An introductory course in plant physiology focusing on cellular processes that support the metabolic, developmental, and reproductive needs of plants. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 or CHEM 3813 or CHEM 5843. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 4313. Molecular Cell Biology. 3 Hours.

In-depth molecular coverage of transcription, cell cycle, translation, and protein processing in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323 and CHEM 3603 and CHEM 3601L and CHEM 3613 and CHEM 3611L. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 4313H. Honors Molecular Cell Biology. 3 Hours.

In-depth molecular coverage of transcription, cell cycle, translation, and protein processing in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323 and CHEM 3603 and CHEM 3601L and CHEM 3613 and CHEM 3611L. (Typically offered: Spring)
This course is equivalent to BIOL 4313.

BIOL 4323. Comparative Neurobiology. 3 Hours.

Exploration of modern research approaches to understanding the development and function of animal nervous systems, with emphasis on molecular and cellular approaches in non-human animal models commonly used in biomedical research. Format combines lectures, group discussions, and student presentations using examples from the primary neurobiology literature. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2533 or equivalents. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 4333. Biotechnology in Agriculture. 3 Hours.

Discussion of the techniques, applications, and issues of biotechnology as it is being used in modern agriculture. Coverage includes the basics of molecular biology, production of transgenic plants and animals, and new applications in the agricultural, food, and medical marketplace. Lecture and discussion, 3 hours per week. (Typically offered: Fall)
This course is cross-listed with PLPA 4333.

BIOL 4353. Ecological Genetics/Genomics. 3 Hours.

Analysis of the genetics of natural and laboratory populations with emphasis on the ecological bases of evolutionary change. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2321L and MATH 2554 and STAT 2823 or equivalents. (Typically offered: Fall Odd Years)

BIOL 4404. Comparative Botany. 4 Hours.

A comparative approach to organisms classically considered to be plants with emphasis on morphology, life history, development, and phylogeny. Three hours lecture, 4 hours lab per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 4424. Mycology. 4 Hours.

Form and function of the fungi. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 4 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 4433. Principles of Evolution. 3 Hours.

Advanced survey of the mechanisms of evolutionary change with special emphasis on advances since the Modern Synthesis. Historical, theoretical, and population genetics approaches are discussed. Recommended BIOL 3023 and BIOL 2321L and BIOL 3861L. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Fall Even Years)

BIOL 4463. Physiological Ecology. 3 Hours.

Interactions between environment, physiology, and properties of individuals and populations on both evolutionary and ecological scales. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863 and BIOL 4234 and its lab component. (Typically offered: Spring Odd Years)

BIOL 4511L. Population Ecology Laboratory. 1 Hour.

Population Ecology Lab. Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 4513. (Typically offered: Fall Even Years)

BIOL 4513. Population Ecology. 3 Hours.

Survey of theoretical and applied aspects of population processes stressing models of growth, interspecific interactions, and adaptation to physical and biotic environments. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Fall Even Years)

BIOL 4523. Plant Ecology. 3 Hours.

To develop understanding of important ecological concepts through study of dynamics relationships among plants and their environment. To become familiar with the literature of plant ecology, and interpretation and critique of ecological research. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Spring Even Years)

BIOL 4543. Developmental Biology. 3 Hours.

An analysis of the principles and mechanisms of development emphasizing the embryonic and postembryonic development of animals. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 4554. Developmental Biology with Laboratory. 4 Hours.

An analysis of the concepts of mechanisms of development emphasizing the experimental approach. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Students may not receive degree credit for both BIOL 4543 and BIOL 4554. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323 or graduate standing. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 4563. Cancer Biology. 3 Hours.

An introduction to the fundamentals of cancer biology. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 4613. Primate Adaptation and Evolution. 3 Hours.

Introduction to the biology of the order Primates. This course considers the comparative anatomy, behavioral ecology and paleontology of our nearest living relatives. Prerequisite: BIOL 3023 or ANTH 1013. (Typically offered: Spring)
This course is cross-listed with ANTH 4613.

BIOL 4634. Wetlands Ecology and Management. 4 Hours.

To familiarize students with the ecology and management of wetlands. Students will be exposed to the characteristics of wetlands, the environmental factors that produce wetland types, and the management techniques used to meet desired wetland goals. Primary lecture topics will include: wetland definition, wetlands of the world, wetland status, trends, laws, wetland hydrology, wetland soils, wetland plants, wetland plant adaptations, wetland wildlife, wetland wildlife adaptations, wetland ecosystem development, and wetland management. Lecture 2 hours, Laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 4693. Forest Ecology. 3 Hours.

Introduction to the various biological, ecological and historical aspects of forest communities, with particular emphasis on the forests of the central and southeastern United States. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 4703. Mechanisms of Pathogenesis. 3 Hours.

A survey of the events causing human disease at the molecular, cellular and genetic levels. Seeks to develop an appreciation that both the tricks pathogens use and the body's own defenses contribute to pathology. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 4711L. Basic Immunology Laboratory. 1 Hour.

Basic immunology laboratory. Corequisite: BIOL 4713. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 4713. Basic Immunology. 3 Hours.

(Formerly MBIO 4714) A general overview of immunity with emphasis on the underlying cellular, molecular, and genetic events, and discussions of more specialized issues in immunology, such as disease states involving the immune system, and other interesting problems in modern immunology. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 4713H. Honors Basic Immunology. 3 Hours.

A general overview of Immunity with emphasis on the underlying cellular, molecular, and genetic events, and discussions of more specialized issues in Immunology, such as disease states involving the Immune system, and other interesting problems in modern Immunology. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Spring)
This course is equivalent to BIOL 4713.

BIOL 4724. Protistology. 4 Hours.

The biology of eukaryotes other than animals, land plants, and fungi with emphasis on morphology and modern approaches to phylogenetic systematics. Three hours lecture, four hours lab/week. Involves writing term papers. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 4734. Wildlife Management Techniques. 4 Hours.

To familiarize students with techniques used in the management of wildlife populations. Students will be exposed to field methods, approaches to data analysis, experimental design, and how to write a scientific paper. Management applications will be emphasized. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 4744. Fish Biology. 4 Hours.

Morphology, classification, life history, population dynamics, and natural history of fishes and fish-like vertebrates. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: 12 hours of biological science. (Typically offered: Spring Odd Years)

BIOL 4753. General Virology. 3 Hours.

An introduction to viral life-cycles, structure, and host cell interactions. Emphasis placed on molecular and biochemical aspects of virology. Two hour lecture and one hour discussion. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 4763. Ornithology. 3 Hours.

Taxonomy, morphology, physiology, behavior, and ecology of birds. Lecture, laboratory, and field work. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863 (Typically offered: Spring Even Years)

BIOL 4774. Biometry. 4 Hours.

Students learn biological statistics and experimental design by actually designing experiments and analyzing data, as well as through lecture, discussion, reading, writing, and problem solving. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours each week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: (STAT 2823 or STAT 2303 or equivalent) and BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Spring Even Years)

BIOL 4783. Mammalogy. 3 Hours.

Lectures and laboratory dealing with classification, morphology, distribution, ecology, behavior, and physiology of mammals. Two hours lecture, 4 hours laboratory. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: 10 hours Biological Sciences. (Typically offered: Fall Even Years)

BIOL 4793. Introduction to Neurobiology. 3 Hours.

Exploration of the neurological underpinnings of perception, action, and experience including: how sense receptors convert information in the world into electricity, how information flows through the nervous systems, how neural wiring makes vision possible, how the nervous system changes with experience, and how the system develops. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 480V. Special Topics in Biological Sciences. 1-6 Hour.

Consideration of new areas of biological sciences not yet treated adequately in other courses. Prerequisite: 8 hours of biological sciences. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer) May be repeated for degree credit.

BIOL 480VH. Honors Special Topics in Biological Sciences. 1-6 Hour.

Consideration of new areas of biological sciences not yet treated adequately in other courses. Prerequisite: 8 hours of biological sciences. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer) May be repeated for degree credit.
This course is equivalent to BIOL 480V.

BIOL 4833. Animal Behavior. 3 Hours.

Organization, regulation, and phylogeny of animal behavior, emphasizing vertebrates. Lecture, laboratory, and field work. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Fall Odd Years)

BIOL 4844. Community and Ecosystem Ecology. 4 Hours.

Survey of theoretical and applied aspects of community processes stressing structure, tropic dynamics, community interactions, and major community types. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Fall Odd Years)

BIOL 4863. Analysis of Animal Populations. 3 Hours.

Basic principles of design and analysis for population studies of fish and wildlife species. Students will be instructed in the use of the latest software for estimating population parameters. Focus will be on both concepts and applications. Management applications of estimated parameters will be emphasized. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Spring Even Years)

BIOL 4873. Microbial Molecular Genetics and Informatics. 3 Hours.

Fundamentals of microbial genomics and bioinformatics. Course covers microbial genetics, genetic structure, genome organization, proteome organization, approaches for the analysis of DNA, RNA, and proteins, cellular metabolic pathways, genetic regulation, small RNA molecules, functional genomics, metagenomics, and bioinformatics approaches for analysis of microbial genomes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 or BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 4873H. Honors Microbial Molecular Genetics and Informatics. 3 Hours.

Fundamentals of microbial genomics and bioinformatics. Course covers microbial genetics, genetic structure, genome organization, proteome organization, approaches for the analysis of DNA, RNA, and proteins, cellular metabolic pathways, genetic regulation, small RNA molecules, functional genomics, metagenomics, and bioinformatics approaches for analysis of microbial genomes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 or BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Fall)
This course is equivalent to BIOL 4873.

BIOL 4883. Mammalian Evolution and Osteology. 3 Hours.

Focuses on describing the evolutionary history of mammals, a group of vertebrates that include over 5,000 species in 29 orders, and will provide an overview of living species and their identifying features. Prerequisite: ANTH 1013 and ANTH 1011L, or BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L, or instructor consent. (Typically offered: Fall Even Years)
This course is equivalent to ANTH 4703.

BIOL 496V. Culture and Environment: Field Studies. 1-6 Hour.

May be taken by students participating in overseas study programs or other domestic field study programs approved by the department. (Typically offered: Irregular) May be repeated for up to 12 hours of degree credit.

BIOL 496VH. Honors Culture and Environment: Field Studies. 1-6 Hour.

May be taken by students participating in overseas study programs or other domestic field study programs approved by the department. (Typically offered: Irregular) May be repeated for up to 12 hours of degree credit.
This course is equivalent to BIOL 496V.

BIOL 498V. Senior Thesis. 1-6 Hour.

Senior thesis. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer)

BIOL 499V. Research In Biological Sciences. 1-4 Hour.

Research. Prerequisite: Senior standing. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer) May be repeated for up to 8 hours of degree credit.

BIOL 499VH. Honors Research in Biological Sciences. 1-4 Hour.

Honors research. Prerequisite: Senior standing. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer) May be repeated for up to 8 hours of degree credit.
This course is equivalent to BIOL 499V.

BIOL 5001. Seminar in Biology. 1 Hour.

Discussion of selected topics and review of current literature in any area of the biological sciences. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring) May be repeated for up to 2 hours of degree credit.
This course is cross-listed with CEMB 5911.

BIOL 5003L. Laboratory in Prokaryote Biology. 3 Hours.

Laboratory techniques in prokaryote culture, identification, physiology, metabolism, and genetics. Laboratory 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 3123. (Typically offered: Fall and Spring)

BIOL 5024. Insect Diversity and Taxonomy. 4 Hours.

(Formerly BIOL 4024.) Principles and practices of insect classification and identification with emphasis on adult insects. 2.5 hours lecture, 4 hours lab. Previous knowledge of basic entomology is necessary. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 4024 and BIOL 5024. Prerequisite: Instructor consent. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Fall)
This course is cross-listed with ENTO 5024.

BIOL 5034. Wildlife Management Techniques. 4 Hours.

(Formerly BIOL 4734.) To familiarize students with techniques used in the management of wildlife populations. Students will be exposed to field methods, approaches to data analysis, experimental design, and how to write a scientific paper. Management applications will be emphasized. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 4734 and BIOL 5034. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 5053. Insect Ecology. 3 Hours.

(Formerly BIOL 4053.) Teaches important ecological concepts through study of dynamic relationships among insects and their environment. Introduces literature of insect ecology, and interpretation and critique of ecological research. Previous knowledge of basic entomology and/or ecology will be assumed. 2 hours lecture/2 hours lab. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 4053 and BIOL 5053. Prerequisite: Instructor consent. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Fall Even Years)
This course is cross-listed with ENTO 5053.

BIOL 5104. Taxonomy of Flowering Plants. 4 Hours.

(Formerly BIOL 4104.) Identifying, naming, and classifying of wildflowers, weeds, trees, and other flowering plants. Emphasis is on the practical aspects of plant identification. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 4104 and BIOL 5104. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 1613 and BIOL 1611L and BIOL 2323 and BIOL 3023. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 5113. Insect Behavior and Chemical Ecology. 3 Hours.

Basic concepts in insect senses and patterns of behavioral responses to various environmental stimuli. Previous knowledge of basic entomology is helpful, but not required. Prerequisite: Instructor consent. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Spring Even Years)
This course is cross-listed with ENTO 5113.

BIOL 5122. Food Microbiology. 2 Hours.

(Formerly BIOL 4122.) The study of food microbiology including classification/taxonomy, contamination, preservation and spoilage of different kinds of foods, pathogenic microorganisms, food poisoning, sanitation, control and inspection and beneficial uses of microorganisms. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 4122 and BIOL 5122. Prerequisite: BIOL 2013 and BIOL 2011L or BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Fall)
This course is cross-listed with FDSC 5122.

BIOL 5124. Dendrology. 4 Hours.

(Formerly BIOL 4114.) Morphology, classification, geographic distribution, and ecology of woody plants. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week, and fieldtrips. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 4114 and BIOL 5124. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 5133. Insect Molecular Genetics. 3 Hours.

A hands on course in insect molecular genetic techniques including molecular diagnostics and population genetics. Students will learn how to apply advanced molecular genetic methodologies and Internet database resources to insects that they are using for their graduate research. (Typically offered: Spring Even Years)
This course is cross-listed with ENTO 5133.

BIOL 5153. Practical Programming for Biologists. 3 Hours.

Hands-on instruction in the fundamentals of biological computing. Students learn how to set up a Unix work station, work from the command line, install software, build databases, and program in Python, a popular scripting language for biological applications. Most examples focus on the analysis of genomic data. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 5163. Dynamic Models in Biology. 3 Hours.

(Formerly BIOL 4163.) Mathematical and computational techniques for developing, executing, and analyzing dynamic models arising in the biological sciences. Both discrete and continuous time models are studied. Applications include population dynamics, cellular dynamics, and the spread of infectious diseases. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 4163 and BIOL 5163. Prerequisite: MATH 2554. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 5174. Conservation Genetics. 4 Hours.

Covers concepts of biodiversity identification and illustrates how genetic data are generated and analyzed to conserve and restore biological diversity. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3023, BIOL 3863 and STAT 2823 (or equivalent) and graduate standing. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 5213. Biological Regulation and Subcellular Communication. 3 Hours.

Combines lectures, review of primary literature, student presentations, and small group discussions to explore a diversity of topics related to mechanisms of biological regulation and subcellular communication. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 5223. Bacterial Lifestyles. 3 Hours.

The course will introduce students to bacteria as prokaryotic organisms, different from eukaryotes such as plants and animals. Model microbial systems will be studied in more detail to identify unique strategies that bacteria employ to thrive in their respective environment, whether they are causing diseases or establishing beneficial interactions with animal or plants or coexisting with other microorganisms in diverse ecological environments. The course will also cover special adaptations that bacteria have evolved to adapt to harsh environments and how these adaptations can be harnessed to control pollution. Prerequisite: (BIOL 2013 and BIOL 2011L) or BIOL 3123. (Typically offered: Spring Odd Years)
This course is cross-listed with PLPA 5123.

BIOL 5233. Genomics and Bioinformatics. 3 Hours.

Principles of molecular and computational analyses of genomes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 or BIOL 2323. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 5241L. Ichthyology Laboratory. 1 Hour.

Practical application of fish identification based on anatomy, fish sampling methods, and curation of fish specimen. Laboratory component of BIOL 5243. Corequisite: BIOL 5243. (Typically offered: Spring Odd Years)

BIOL 5243. Ichthyology. 3 Hours.

Comprehensive overview of the diversity of fishes. Covers anatomy, physiology, evolution, taxonomy, ecology, behavior, zoogeography and conservation of marine and freshwater fishes. Lecture 3 hours per week. Corequisite: BIOL 5241L. (Typically offered: Spring Odd Years)

BIOL 5254. Comparative Physiology. 4 Hours.

(Formerly BIOL 4234.) Comparison of fundamental physiological mechanisms in various animal groups. Adaptations to environmental factors at both the organismal and cellular levels are emphasized. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 4234 and BIOL 5254. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and CHEM 3613 and (CHEM 3611L or CHEM 3612M). (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 5263. Cell Physiology. 3 Hours.

In-depth molecular coverage of cellular processes involved in growth, metabolism, transport, excitation, signaling and motility, with emphasis on function and regulation in eukaryotes, primarily animals. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323, BIOL 2533, BIOL 2531L, CHEM 3813, and PHYS 2033. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 5273. Endocrinology. 3 Hours.

In endocrinology we study hormonal integration of living processes at all levels from molecule to organism. We will work with the mechanisms of hormone action, the endocrine control axes and hormones physiological role. The course will include paper discussions and student presentations on topics of special interest. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 5303. Plant Physiology. 3 Hours.

Introductory course in plant physiology focusing on cellular processes that support the metabolic, developmental, and reproductive needs of plants. Prerequisite: 3 hours of cell biology or biochemistry. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 5313. Molecular Cell Biology. 3 Hours.

In-depth molecular coverage of transcription, cell cycle, translation, and protein processing in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323 and CHEM 3603 and CHEM 3601L and CHEM 3613 and CHEM 3611L. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 5323. Comparative Neurobiology. 3 Hours.

Exploration of modern research approaches to understanding the development and function of animal nervous systems, with emphasis on molecular and cellular approaches in non-human animal models commonly used in biomedical research. Format combines lectures, group discussions, and student presentations using examples from the primary neurobiology literature. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 5343. Advanced Immunology. 3 Hours.

Aspects of innate, cell-mediated, and humoral immunity in mammalian and avian species. Molecular mechanisms underlying the function of the immune system are emphasized. A course in Basic Immunology prior to enrollment in Advanced Immunology is recommended but not required. Lecture 3 hours per week. (Typically offered: Spring)
This course is cross-listed with POSC 5343.

BIOL 5352L. Immunology in the Laboratory. 2 Hours.

Laboratory course on immune-diagnostic laboratory techniques and uses of antibodies as a research tool. Included are cell isolation and characterization procedures, immunochemistry, flow cytometry, ELISA and cell culture assay systems. Laboratory 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: POSC 5343 or BIOL 5343. (Typically offered: Spring)
This course is cross-listed with POSC 5352L.

BIOL 5353. Ecological Genetics/genomics. 3 Hours.

Analysis of the genetics of natural and laboratory populations with emphasis on the ecological bases of evolutionary change. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2321L, BIOL 3023 and MATH 2554 and STAT 2823 or equivalents. (Typically offered: Fall Odd Years)

BIOL 5404. Comparative Botany. 4 Hours.

A comparative approach to organisms classically considered to be plants with emphasis on morphology, life history, development, and phylogeny. Three hours lecture, 4 hours lab per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (Typically offered: Fall Odd Years)

BIOL 5414. Mycology. 4 Hours.

Form and function of the fungi. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 4 hours per week.Corequisite: Laboratory component. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 5433. Principles of Evolution. 3 Hours.

Advanced survey of the mechanisms of evolutionary change with special emphasis on advances since the Modern Synthesis. Historical, theoretical, and population genetics approaches are discussed. Recommended: BIOL 3023 and BIOL 2321L and BIOL 3861L. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 and BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Fall Even Years)

BIOL 5463. Physiological Ecology. 3 Hours.

Interactions between environment, physiology, and properties of individuals and populations on both evolutionary and ecological scales. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863 and BIOL 4234. (Typically offered: Spring Odd Years)

BIOL 5511L. Population Ecology Laboratory. 1 Hour.

Demonstration of the models and concepts from BIOL 5513. Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 5513. (Typically offered: Fall Even Years)

BIOL 5513. Population Ecology. 3 Hours.

Survey of theoretical and applied aspects of populations processes stressing models of growth, interspecific interactions, and adaptation to physical and biotic environments. Corequisite: BIOL 5511L. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Fall Even Years)

BIOL 5523. Plant Ecology. 3 Hours.

To develop understanding of important ecological concepts through study of dynamics relationships among plants and their environment. To become familiar with the literature of plant ecology, and interpretation and critique of ecological research. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Spring Even Years)

BIOL 5524. Developmental Biology with Laboratory. 4 Hours.

An analysis of the concepts and mechanisms of development emphasizing the experimental approach. Students may not receive degree credit for both BIOL 5543 Developmental Biology and BIOL 5524 Developmental Biology with Laboratory. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 5534. Biochemical Genetics. 4 Hours.

Lectures and laboratories based on modern molecular genetic techniques for analyses of eukaryotes and manipulation of prokaryotes. A hands-on course in recombinant DNA techniques: laboratory practices in gene identification, cloning, and characterization. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 6 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 2323 (or equivalent) and CHEM 3813 (or equivalent). (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 5543. Developmental Biology. 3 Hours.

An analysis of the principles and mechanisms of development emphasizing the embryonic and postembryonic development of animals. Degree credit will not be allowed for both BIOL 5543 and BIOL 5524. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 5553. Astrobiology. 3 Hours.

Discusses the scientific basis for the possible existence of extraterrestrial life. Includes the origin and evolution of life on Earth, possibility of life elsewhere in the solar system (including Mars), and the possibility of life on planets around other stars. Prerequisite: Instructor consent. (Typically offered: Irregular)
This course is cross-listed with SPAC 5553.

BIOL 5563. Cancer Biology. 3 Hours.

An introduction to the fundamentals of cancer biology. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 5613. Primate Adaptation and Evolution. 3 Hours.

(Formerly BIOL 4613.) Introduction to the biology of the order Primates. This course considers the comparative anatomy, behavioral ecology and paleontology of our nearest living relatives. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 4613 and BIOL 5613. Prerequisite: BIOL 3023 or ANTH 1013. (Typically offered: Spring)
This course is cross-listed with ANTH 5623.

BIOL 5634. Wetlands Ecology and Management. 4 Hours.

To familiarize students with the ecology and management of wetlands. Students will be exposed to the characteristics of wetlands, the environmental factors that produce wetland types, and the management techniques used to meet desired wetland goals. Primary lecture topics will include: wetland definition, wetlands of the world, wetland status, trends, laws, wetland hydrology, wetland soils, wetland plants, wetland plant adaptations, wetland ecosystem development, and wetland management. Lecture 2 hours, Laboratory 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 5643. Eukaryote Phylogeny. 3 Hours.

Molecular analysis of the eukaryotic tree of life, phylogenetic tree reconstruction, and eukaryote diversity and evolutionary relationships. (Typically offered: Spring Odd Years)

BIOL 5693. Forest Ecology. 3 Hours.

(Formerly BIOL 4693.) Introduction to the various biological, ecological and historical aspects of forest communities, with particular emphasis on the forests of the central and southeastern United States. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 4693 and BIOL 5693. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 5703. Mechanisms of Pathogenesis. 3 Hours.

A survey of events causing human disease at the molecular, cellular and genetic levels. Seeks to develop an appreciation that both the tricks pathogens use and the body's own defenses contribute to pathology. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 5711L. Basic Immunology Laboratory. 1 Hour.

(Formerly BIOL 4711L.) Basic immunology laboratory. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 4711L and BIOL 5711L. Corequisite: BIOL 5713. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 5713. Basic Immunology. 3 Hours.

A general overview of Immunity with emphasis on the underlying cellular, molecular and genetic events controlling immune reactions. Reading of the primary literature on disease states involving the immune system. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 5723. Fish Biology. 3 Hours.

Morphology, classification, life histories, population dynamics, and natural history of fishes and fish-like vertebrates. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: 12 hours of biological sciences. (Typically offered: Spring Odd Years)

BIOL 5734. Protistology. 4 Hours.

The biology of eukaryotes other than animals, land plants, and fungi with emphasis on morphology and modern approaches to phylogenetic systematics. Three hours lecture, four hours lab/week. Involves writing term papers. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 5743. Herpetology. 3 Hours.

Morphology, classification and ecology of amphibians and reptiles. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 1 hour per week. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Spring Even Years)

BIOL 5753. General Virology. 3 Hours.

An introduction to viral life-cycles, structure, and host cell interactions. Emphasis placed on molecular and biochemical aspects of virology. Two hour lecture and one hour discussion. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2323. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 5763. Ornithology. 3 Hours.

Taxonomy, morphology, physiology, behavior, and ecology of birds. Lecture, laboratory, and field work. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: 10 hours of biological sciences. (Typically offered: Spring Even Years)

BIOL 5774. Biometry. 4 Hours.

(Formerly BIOL 4774.) Students learn biological statistics and experimental design by actually designing experiments and analyzing data, as well as through lecture, discussion, reading, writing, and problem solving. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours each week. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 4774 and BIOL 5774. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: STAT 2823 or equivalent, BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Spring Even Years)

BIOL 5783. Mammalogy. 3 Hours.

Lectures and laboratory dealing with classification, morphology, distribution, ecology, behavior, and physiology of mammals. Two hours lecture, 4 hours laboratory. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 5793. Introduction to Neurobiology. 3 Hours.

(Formerly BIOL 4793.) Exploration of the neurological underpinnings of perception, action, and experience including: how sense receptors convert information in the world into electricity, how information flows through the nervous systems, how neural wiring makes vision possible, how the nervous system changes with experience, and how the system develops. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 4793 and BIOL 5793. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533. (Typically offered: Spring)

BIOL 580V. Special Topics in Biological Sciences. 1-6 Hour.

Consideration of new areas of biological sciences not yet treated adequately in other courses. Prerequisite: 8 hours of biological sciences. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer) May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

BIOL 5833. Animal Behavior. 3 Hours.

Organization, regulation, and phylogeny of animal behavior, emphasizing vertebrates. Lecture, laboratory, and field work. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Fall Odd Years)

BIOL 5843. Conservation Biology. 3 Hours.

The study of direct and indirect factors by which biodiversity is impacted by human activity. It is a synthetic field of study that incorporates principles of ecology, biogeography, population genetics, economics, sociology, anthropology, philosophy, geology, and geography. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Irregular)

BIOL 5844. Community Ecology. 4 Hours.

Survey of theoretical and applied aspects of community processes stressing structure, trophic dynamics, community interactions, and major community types. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Fall Odd Years)

BIOL 5863. Analysis of Animal Populations. 3 Hours.

(Formerly BIOL 4863.) Basic principles of design and analysis for population studies of fish and wildlife species. Students will be instructed in the use of the latest software for estimating population parameters. Focus will be on both concepts and applications. Management applications of estimated parameters will be emphasized. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 4863 and BIOL 5863. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863. (Typically offered: Spring Even Years)

BIOL 5873. Microbial Molecular Genetics and Informatics. 3 Hours.

Fundamentals of microbial genomics and bioinformatics. Course covers microbial genetics, genetic structure, genome organization, proteome organization, approaches for the analysis of DNA, RNA, and proteins, cellular metabolic pathways, genetic regulation, small RNA molecules, functional genomics, metagenomics, and bioinformatics approaches for analysis of microbial genomes. Prerequisite: Graduate status. (Typically offered: Fall)

BIOL 5883. Mammalian Evolution and Osteology. 3 Hours.

Focuses on describing the evolutionary history of mammals, a group of vertebrates that include over 5,000 species in 29 orders, and will provide an overview of living species and their identifying features. Credit will not be given for both ANTH 4703 and ANTH 5703. Prerequisite: Instructor consent. (Typically offered: Fall Even Years)
This course is cross-listed with ANTH 5703.

BIOL 5914. Stream Ecology. 4 Hours.

Current concepts and research in lotic ecosystem dynamics. Lecture, laboratory, field work and individual research projects required. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: 3 hours of ecology-related coursework. (Typically offered: Fall Even Years)

BIOL 5933. Global Biogeochemistry: Elemental Cycles and Environmental Change. 3 Hours.

This course explores the chemical, biological, and geological processes occurring within ecosystems. An understanding of these processes is used to investigate how they form the global biogeochemical cycles that provide energy and nutrients necessary for life. Class discussions focus on global change and the effects of more recent anthropogenic influences. Prerequisite: 3 hours of chemistry or biochemistry and ecology. (Typically offered: Spring Odd Years)

BIOL 596V. Culture and Environment: Field Studies. 1-6 Hour.

(Formerly BIOL 496V.) May be taken by students participating in overseas study programs or other domestic field study programs approved by the department. Graduate degree credit will not be given for both BIOL 496V and BIOL 596V. (Typically offered: Irregular) May be repeated for up to 12 hours of degree credit.

BIOL 600V. Master's Thesis. 1-6 Hour.

Master's Thesis. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer) May be repeated for degree credit.

BIOL 6113. Insect Physiology. 3 Hours.

General and comparative physiology of insects. Previous knowledge of basic entomology is helpful, but not required. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. (Typically offered: Spring Even Years)
This course is cross-listed with ENTO 6113.

BIOL 700V. Doctoral Dissertation. 1-18 Hour.

Doctoral Dissertation. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (Typically offered: Fall, Spring and Summer) May be repeated for degree credit.