Robert Bacon
Professor and Head
115 Plant Science Building
479-575-2347

Opportunities for employment and post-graduate study are numerous for graduates of the Department of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences. Crop Science graduates become involved in crop production or find employment in public agencies providing support services for agriculture (e.g., Extension Service, State Plant Board, Natural Resources Conservation Service), or as consultants serving production agriculture, in the agrichemical and seed industries, and in agricultural research programs.

The crop science major includes courses in crop management, production agriculture, plant breeding and genetics, crop and forage production, pest management (weeds, insects, and plant diseases), and soil fertility.

Requirements for a Major in Crop Science (CPSC)

State minimum core and discipline specific general education requirements.

(Course work that meets state minimum core requirements is in bold.)

Communication
Select two English Core courses. If exempt, see adviser for communications courses.6
ENGL 2003Advanced Composition3
or ENGL 3053 Technical and Report Writing (ACTS Equivalency = ENGL 2023)
COMM 1313Public Speaking (ACTS Equivalency = SPCH 1003)3
CSES 3023Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences Colloquium3
U.S. History or Government
Select one U.S. History Core Course3
Mathematics and Computer Science
Select from MATH Core courses3
Select one of the following:3
Agricultural and Human Environmental Sciences Applications of Microcomputers (Students minoring in Agricultural Business should choose AGME 2903.)
Principles of Experimentation
Principles of Statistics (ACTS Equivalency = MATH 2103)
Sciences
BIOL 1543
BIOL 1541L
Principles of Biology (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1014 Lecture)
and Principles of Biology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1014 Lab)
4
CSES 1203Introduction to Plant Sciences3-4
or BIOL 1613
BIOL 1611L
Plant Biology (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1034 Lecture)
and Plant Biology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1034 Lab)
CHEM 1103
CHEM 1101L
University Chemistry I (ACTS Equivalency = CHEM 1414 Lecture)
and University Chemistry I Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = CHEM 1414 Lab)
4
or CHEM 1073
CHEM 1071L
Fundamentals of Chemistry (ACTS Equivalency = CHEM 1214 Lecture)
and Fundamentals of Chemistry Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = CHEM 1214 Lab)
CHEM 2613
CHEM 2611L
Organic Physiological Chemistry (ACTS Equivalency = CHEM 1224 Lecture)
and Organic Physiological Chemistry Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = CHEM 1224 Lab)
4
Select one of the following:3
Plant Physiology
Principles of Genetics
General Genetics
Fine Arts and Humanities
Select one Fine Arts and one Humanities Core courses6
Social Sciences
AGEC 1103Principles of Agricultural Microeconomics3
Choose from Social Sciences Core courses (6 hours total, 3 hours must be outside AGEC/ECON discipline) Students minoring in Agricultural Business should choose AGEC 2103.6
CPSC Requirements26
General Agronomy18
CSES 2103
CSES 2101L
Crop Science
and Crop Science Laboratory
4
CSES 2203
CSES 2201L
Soil Science
and Soil Science Laboratory
4
CSES 4013Advanced Crop Science3
CSES 4224Soil Fertility4
CSES 462VInternship3
or CSES 400V Special Problems
Select 8 hours from the following two groups. At least 6 hours must be from Group A.8
Group A
Forage Management
Cotton Production
Soybean Production
Rice Production
Cereal Grain Production
Group B
Soil Resources and Nutrient Cycles
Soil Profile Description
Special Problems
Plant Breeding
Bioenergy Feedstock Production
Soil Classification and Genesis
Plants and Environmental Restoration
Soil and Water Conservation
Introduction to Turfgrass Management
Biotechnology in Agriculture
Pest Management10
ENTO 3013Introduction to Entomology3
PLPA 3004Principles of Plant Pathology4
CSES 4133Ecology and Morphology of Weedy and Invasive Plants3
or CSES 4143 Principles of Weed Control
Electives for a Minor (Students must declare minor with the Bumpers College Dean's Office)
Choose 9 hours from Group C or 12 hours from Group D
Group C (Pest Management Minor)9
Principles of Weed Control select course not taken in pest management section above.
Ecology and Morphology of Weedy and Invasive Plants
Plant Disease Control
Insect Pest Management
Advanced Applied Entomology
Group D (Agricultural Business minor)12
Introduction to Agribusiness
Farm Business Management
Select two of the following:6
Food and Agricultural Marketing
Principles of Environmental Economics
Futures and Options Markets
Agricultural Business Management
__ 3 hr Controlled Electives from approved list in AGBS minor
General Electives14-18
University Perspectives (Required of all new freshmen)
Total Hours120

Crop Science B.S.A.

Nine-Semester Degree Program

Because the Crop Science program requires an internship, it doesn't qualify for the Eight-Semester Program. See more about the Eight-Semester Degree Policy for university requirements of the program.

First YearUnits
FallSpringSummer
ENGL 1013 Composition I (ACTS Equivalency = ENGL 1013)3    
MATH 1203 College Algebra (ACTS Equivalency = MATH 1103)3    
BIOL 1543 Principles of Biology (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1014 Lecture)
& BIOL 1541L Principles of Biology Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = BIOL 1014 Lab)
4    
History University Core Elective3    
CSES 1011 Introduction to Crop, Soil, and Environmental Science1    
CSES 2103 Crop Science
& CSES 2101L Crop Science Laboratory
  4  
CSES 1203 Introduction to Plant Sciences
or BIOL 1613 and BIOL 1611L
  3-4  
ENGL 1023 Composition II (ACTS Equivalency = ENGL 1023) (If exempt, see adviser for communication courses.)  3  
COMM 1313 Public Speaking (ACTS Equivalency = SPCH 1003)  3  
AGEC 1103 Principles of Agricultural Microeconomics  3  
Year Total: 14 16  
 
Second YearUnits
FallSpringSummer
CHEM 1103 University Chemistry I (ACTS Equivalency = CHEM 1414 Lecture)
& CHEM 1101L University Chemistry I Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = CHEM 1414 Lab)
or CHEM 1073 and CHEM 1071L
4    
ENGL 2003 Advanced Composition
or ENGL 3053 Technical and Report Writing (ACTS Equivalency = ENGL 2023)
3    
Social Science University Core Elective3    
Fine Arts/Humanities University Core Elective3    
Select one (1) course from Group A or B on checksheet2-3    
CHEM 2613 Organic Physiological Chemistry (ACTS Equivalency = CHEM 1224 Lecture)
& CHEM 2611L Organic Physiological Chemistry Laboratory (ACTS Equivalency = CHEM 1224 Lab)
  4  
AGME 2903 Agricultural and Human Environmental Sciences Applications of Microcomputers
or AGST 4023 Principles of Experimentation
or STAT 2303 Principles of Statistics (ACTS Equivalency = MATH 2103)
  3  
Social Science University Core Elective  3  
Fine Arts/Humanities University Core Elective  3  
Select one (1) course from Group A or B on checksheet  2-3  
Year Total: 15 15  
 
Third YearUnits
FallSpringSummer
PLPA 3004 Principles of Plant Pathology4    
ENTO 3013 Introduction to Entomology3    
Select one (1) course from Group A or B on checksheet2-3    
CSES 2203 Soil Science
& CSES 2201L Soil Science Laboratory
4    
General Elective 3    
Select one of the following:  3  
BIOL 2323 General Genetics
BIOL 4303 Plant Physiology
ANSC/POSC 3123 Principles of Genetics
Select one (1) course from Group A or B on checksheet  2-3  
Select one (1) course from Group C or Group D for a minor  3  
General Elective  6  
CSES 462V Internship
or CSES 400V Special Problems
    3
Year Total: 16 14 3
 
Fourth YearUnits
FallSpringSummer
CSES 3023 Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences Colloquium3    
CSES 4133 Ecology and Morphology of Weedy and Invasive Plants3    
CSES 4224 Soil Fertility4    
Select one (1) course from Group C or Group D for a minor3    
CSES 4013 Advanced Crop Science  3  
Select one (1) course from Group C or two courses from Group D for a minor  3-6  
General Electives  7-8  
Year Total: 13 14  
 
Total Units in Sequence:   120

Minor in Crop Science (CPSC-M)

A student planning to minor in Crop Science must notify the program adviser for consultation and more detailed information. The Crop Science Minor consists of 18 semester hours of 2000-level courses or above, including the following:

CSES 2103Crop Science3
CSES 2203Soil Science3
Select 12 hours with at least 4 hours coming from Group A:12
Group A
Forage Management
Cotton Production
Soybean Production
Rice Production
Cereal Grain Production
Group B
Soil Resources and Nutrient Cycles
Advanced Crop Science
Plant Breeding
Ecology and Morphology of Weedy and Invasive Plants
Principles of Weed Control
Soil Fertility
Total Hours18

Minor in Crop Biotechnology (CPBT-M)

A student planning to minor in Crop Biotechnology must notify the program adviser for consultation and more detailed information. The Crop Biotechnology Minor consists of 16 hours of courses and to include the following:

Core Courses
PLPA 4333Biotechnology in Agriculture3
CSES 402VSpecial Topics (two 2-hour courses taken in two different semesters)4
Genetics
Select one of the following:3
General Genetics
Principles of Genetics
Controlled Electives
Select two of the following:6
Plant Physiology
Elements of Biochemistry
Plant Breeding
Total Hours16

Faculty

Bacon, Robert Keith, Ph.D. (Purdue University), M.S., B.S.A., (University of Arkansas), Professor, 1984.
Barber, Thomas, Ph.D., M.S., B.S. (University of Arkansas), Professor, 2007.
Bartlett, Andrew, Ph.D., M.S. (University of Georgia), M.S. (College of Charleston), B.S. (Coastal Carolina University), Clinical Assistant Professor, 2016.
Bourland, Fred, Ph.D. (Texas A&M University), M.S., B.S.A. (University of Arkansas), Professor, 1988.
Brye, Kristofor R., Ph.D., M.S. (University of Wisconsin-Madison), B.S. (University of Wisconsin–Stevens Point), Professor, 2001.
Burgos, Nilda Roma, Ph.D., M.S. (University of Arkansas), B.S. (Visayas State College of Agriculture-Philippines), Professor, 1998.
Counce, Paul Allen, Ph.D. (University of Georgia), M.S. (Purdue University), B.S. (University of Tennessee-Martin), Professor, 1983.
Daniels, Michael B., Ph.D., M.S. (University of Arkansas), B.S. (Pennsylvania State University), Professor, 1996.
Espinoza, Leonel A., Ph.D., M.S. (University of Florida), B.S. (Iowa State University), Associate Professor, 2003.
Gbur, Edward E., Ph.D., M.S. (The Ohio State University), B.S. (Saint Francis University), Professor, 1987.
Hardke, Jarrod T., Ph.D. (Louisiana State University), B.S.A. (University of Arkansas), Associate Professor, 2013.
Kelley, Jason, Ph.D., M.S. (Oklahoma State University), B.S. (Kansas State University), Associate Professor, 2003.
Lee, Jung Ae, Ph.D., M.S. (University of Georgia), M.A., B.A., (Ewha Womans University), Assistant Professor, 2016.
Mason, Richard Esten, Ph.D., B.A. (Texas A&M University), Associate Professor, 2010.
Mauromoustakos, Andy, Ph.D., M.S. (Oklahoma State University), B.S. (Oral Roberts University), Professor, 1989.
Miller, David M., Ph.D. (University of Georgia), M.S., B.S. (Purdue University), Professor, 1988.
Moldenhauer, Karen Ann-Kuenzel, Ph.D. (Iowa State University), M.S. (North Carolina State University), B.S. (Iowa State University), Professor, 1982.
Mozaffari, Morteza, Ph.D. (University of Delaware), M.S., B.S. (University of Massachusetts), Assistant Professor, 2002.
Mozzoni, Leandro, Ph.D. (University of Arkansas), M.S. B.S. (Rosario National University), Associate Professor, 2017.
Norman, Richard J., Ph.D. (University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign), M.S., B.S. (University of Missouri), Professor, 1983.
Norsworthy, Jason Keith, Ph.D., M.S. (University of Arkansas), B.S. (Louisiana Tech University), Professor, 2006.
Pereira, Andy, Ph.D. (Iowa State University), M.S. (Indian Agricultural Research Institute, India), B.Sc.Ag. (Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, India), Professor, 2011.
Purcell, Larry C., Ph.D. (University of Florida), M.S., B.S. (University of Georgia), Distinguished Professor, 1993.
Roberts, Trenton L., Ph.D. (University of Arkansas), M.S. (University of Arizona), B.S. (Oklahoma State University), Associate Professor, 2010.
Robertson, Bill, Ph.D., M.S. (Texas A&M University), B.S. (West Texas State University), Professor, 2014.
Ross, Jeremy, Ph.D, M.S., B.S. (University of Arkansas), Professor, 1996.
Savin, Mary Cathleen, Ph.D., M.S. (University of Rhode Island), B.S. (University of Notre Dame), Professor, 2002.
Scott, Robert C., Ph.D. (Mississippi State University), M.S., B.S. (Oklahoma State University), Professor, 2002.
Sha, Xueyan, Ph.D. (Louisiana State University), Professor, 2012.
Shakiba, Ehsan, Ph.D., M.S. (University of Arkansas), M.S., B.S. (Azad University, Iran), Assistant Professor, 2015.
Sharpley, Andrew N., Ph.D. (Massey University, New Zealand), B.S. (University College of North Wales), Distinguished Professor, 2006.
Skinner, Jerral V., Ph.D. (University of Arkansas), Lecturer, 1990.
Slaton, Nathan A., Ph.D., M.S. (University of Arkansas), B.S. (Murray State University), Professor, 2001.
Srivastava, Vibha, Ph.D. (Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi), M.S. (Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology), B.S. (D.E.I. University), Professor, 2001.
Willett, Cammy, Ph.D., M.S. (University of Missouri), B.S. (Evangel University), Assistant Professor, 2016.
Wilson, Charles E., Ph.D., M.S. (University of Arkansas), B.S. (Arkansas State University), Professor, 2011.
Wood, Lisa S., Ph.D., M.S., B.S. (University of Arkansas), Clinical Assistant Professor, 2012.

Courses

CSES 1011. Introduction to Crop, Soil, and Environmental Science. 1 Hour.

An introduction to the CSES department and majors in Environmental Soil and Water Sciences and Crop Management. Emphasis will be placed on issues and opportunities within these disciplines and orienting students to the department and University of Arkansas. Required of all department majors with less than 24 semester credit hours. Recitation 1 hour 20 minutes per week for the first eight weeks of the semester. Prerequisite: Freshman and sophomore standing only.

CSES 1203. Introduction to Plant Sciences. 3 Hours.

An introduction to basics of agricultural crop plant structure, growth, and production.

CSES 2003. Introduction to Weed Science. 3 Hours.

Fundamental, practical concepts of weed control and weed biology; equipment and techniques used in modern weed control practices; and basic recommendations and systems for specific agronomic and horticultural crops. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CSES 1203 or CSES 2103 or HORT 2003.

CSES 2012. Introduction to Organic Crop Production. 2 Hours.

An introduction to the principles of organic agriculture and ecology and the regulations defining organic production and certification. Additional topics include crop rotations for pest management and for increasing soil organic matter, feeding the soil and plant nutrition, soil health, and green manuring, corporate agriculture and genetically modified organisms.

CSES 2013. Pest Management. 3 Hours.

Introduction to basic principles of pest management as they relate to vertebrate animals, insects, plant disease and weeds. Selected pests are studied with emphasis on current management approaches and alternative pest control.

CSES 2101L. Crop Science Laboratory. 1 Hour.

A series of laboratory experiments designed to reinforce principles of plant growth and development, reproduction, classification, and the utilization of plant products. Emphasis is placed on major crop plant species. Experiments are conducted by individuals or by teams. Laboratory consists of a single, 2-hour period each week. Required for Crop Management majors. Corequisite: CSES 2103.

CSES 2103. Crop Science. 3 Hours.

Principles of crop growth, development, and utilization and how these principles relate to production. Emphasis on major agronomic crop species. Lecture 3 hours per week.

CSES 2201L. Soil Science Laboratory. 1 Hour.

Field and laboratory exercises related to the study of the physical, chemical, and biological properties of soils. Laboratory mandatory for all crop management and environmental, soil, and water science majors and optional for others. Laboratory 2 hours per week. Pre- or Corequisite: CSES 2203.

CSES 2203. Soil Science. 3 Hours.

Origin, classification, and physical, chemical, and biological properties of soils. Lecture 3 hours, discussion 1 hour per week. Corequisite: Drill component. Prerequisite: MATH 1203 and CHEM 1103 or CHEM 1073.

CSES 3023. Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences Colloquium. 3 Hours.

A communication-intensive course covering topics in agronomy and environmental, soil, and water science with particular emphasis on spoken communication but also including written communication, group activities, professionalism, ethics, problem solving, and information retrieval. A student-oriented class with collaborative participation. Colloquium workshop: 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: COMM 1313 and Junior or Senior standing only.

CSES 3112. Forage Management. 2 Hours.

Forage crops for pasture, hay, and silage with reference to growth and development, production, nutritional quality, and grazing systems. Lecture 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: CSES 1203 or CSES 2103.

CSES 3214. Soil Resources and Nutrient Cycles. 4 Hours.

Integration of the fundamental concepts of the biological, chemical, and physical properties of soil systems and their roles in managing soil resources. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 2013 and BIOL 2011L. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CSES 2203.

CSES 3312. Cotton Production. 2 Hours.

Principles and techniques associated with production of cotton. Recitation 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: CSES 1203 or CSES 2103.

CSES 3322. Soybean Production. 2 Hours.

An overview of the history and utilization of soybean as well as the physiological and environmental basis for the development of economical soybean production practices. Recitation 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: CSES 1203 or CSES 2103.

CSES 3332. Rice Production. 2 Hours.

A study of the principles and practices involved in rice culture worldwide with major emphasis on the United States. Recitation 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: CSES 1203 or CSES 2103.

CSES 3342. Cereal Grain Production. 2 Hours.

An overview of the botany, production, cultural practices, soil & climatic adaptation and utilization of the major cereal grain crops. Prerequisite: CSES 1203 or CSES 2103.

CSES 355V. Soil Profile Description. 1-2 Hour.

Training for soil profile description writing and membership of judging teams. May be repeated for up to 8 hours of degree credit.

CSES 3603. Metrics for Sustainable Agricultural Systems. 3 Hours.

Analysis of productive agricultural systems necessary to meet expanding demand worldwide for food, feed, fiber and fuel while preserving critical ecosystem services to avoid future catastrophic failures of the biosphere. Characterization of sustainable systems using well-defined metrics, indicators and indices, including reference to sustainability certifications. Metrics for soil, water, atmosphere and biodiversity. Applications in crop and animal production with scales from field to watershed to eco-region. Examining the process and methodologies of integrating metrics into indices to support sustainable supply chain decisions. Discussion of life cycle analyses and current initiatives toward approaching agricultural systems sustainability. Technical course intended for students in agriculture, biology, business, engineering, and environmental sciences.
This course is cross-listed with BENG 3603.

CSES 400V. Special Problems. 1-6 Hour.

Work on special problems in crop, soil and environmental sciences or related field. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.

CSES 4013. Advanced Crop Science. 3 Hours.

Fundamental concepts of crop physiology, crop improvement, seed science, and crop production systems. Recitation 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: CSES 2103 and CSES 2203.

CSES 402V. Special Topics. 1-3 Hour.

Studies of selected topics in crop, soil and environmental sciences not available in other courses. May be repeated for up to 12 hours of degree credit.

CSES 4103. Plant Breeding. 3 Hours.

Basic principles involved in plant breeding programs to improve crop plants and seed programs. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: ANSC 3123 or BIOL 2323.

CSES 4133. Ecology and Morphology of Weedy and Invasive Plants. 3 Hours.

Study of weeds as economic pests occurring in both agricultural and nonagricultural situations and including poisonous plants and other specific weed problems. Gross morphological plant family characteristics which aid identification, habitat of growth and distribution, ecology, competition, and allelopathy are discussed. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours a week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CSES 2103 or HORT 2003.

CSES 4143. Principles of Weed Control. 3 Hours.

Advanced concepts and technology used in modern weed control practices and study of the chemistry and specific activity of herbicides in current usage. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CHEM 1073 and CHEM 1071L.

CSES 4224. Soil Fertility. 4 Hours.

Study of the soil's chemical, biological and physical properties, and human modification of these properties, as they influence the uptake and utilization of the essential nutrients by plants. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Pre- or Corequisite: CHEM 1123 and CHEM 1121L or (CHEM 1073 and CHEM 1071L and CHEM 2613 and CHEM 2611L). Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CSES 2201L and CSES 2203.

CSES 4253. Soil Classification and Genesis. 3 Hours.

Lecture and field evaluation of soil properties and their relation to soil genesis and soil classification with emphasis on soils of Arkansas. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CSES 2203 and CSES 2201L.

CSES 4303. Bioenergy Feedstock Production. 3 Hours.

Overview of production and characteristics of cultivated crops, perennial grasses, and woody species as feedstocks for bioenergy. Fundamentals of plant growth factors, culture, harvest and storage, quality and improvement, and introduction to environmental impact, modeling, and resource utilization. Prerequisite: MATH 1203 and BIOL 1543 or CSES 1203. Courses in introductory chemistry or soil science are preferred.

CSES 4553. Wetland Soils. 3 Hours.

This course explains the chemical, physical, and morphological characteristics of wetland soils and describes the techniques for identifying wetland soils using field indicatiors and monitoring equipment. This course also explains principles of wetland creation, restoration, and mitigation - all key components in assuring the sustainability of valuable wetland resources. Prerequisite: CSES 2203 and CSES 2201L or CSES 355V.

CSES 462V. Internship. 1-6 Hour.

Supervised practical work experience in agronomy and environmental science to develop and demonstrate professional competence. Faculty approval of project proposal prior to enrollment and written and oral reports after the project is complete are required. Prerequisite: Instructor consent. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.