The School of Law business law certificate is designed for those students wishing to focus on business or transactional law to prepare themselves for a business law practice or to enhance their career prospects in the business field in general. The program provides a strong framework in the fundamentals of business and transactional law and skills through coursework and related activities.  The program will prepare qualified J.D. degree and post-J.D. candidates for a wide variety of business and transactional law practices and, for non-law students, it will help provide a strong foundation for legal aspects of the business environment.

Admission requirements: The student must satisfy one of the following requirements: (1) be currently enrolled in the J.D. program at the School of Law or be admitted as a visiting J.D. student at the School of Law; (2) hold a J.D. degree from an accredited law school; (3) be enrolled in the LL.M. program at the School of Law; or (4) be admitted by the Associate Dean or that dean's designee (here inafter the "Associate Dean") as otherwise qualified to complete the certificate requirements successfully. The Associate Dean may limit the number of students eligible to pursue the certificate at any one time.

Course requirements:

Required Courses
Students seeking the certificate will enter the program having already successfully completed, as part of their J.D. degree program or other qualifying studies, the following basic business law courses (or equivalent):
Contracts
Business Organizations
Federal Income Tax of Individuals
Skills Course
Select at least one of the following:
Business Lawyering Skills
Special Topics (Skills) (Interviewing, Counseling and Negotiating)
Writing Course
Select at least one of the following:
Upper Level Writing (Business Drafting-2 hours)
Independent Legal Research (An independent research project on a business law topic approved in advance by the associate dean for academic affairs or that dean's designee. 2 hours)
Two or more hours of drafting lab courses that are associated with on of the Core Business Courses.
Experiential Capstone:
Corporate Counsel Externships (or another experiential capstone course approved as a subsitute by the associate dean for academic affairs or that dean's designee.)
Electives
Select at least 9 hours of elective business law programming from the following two categories:
Category A – Select at least two of the following Core Business Courses:
Law & Accounting
Public Corporations
Debtor-Creditor Relations (3 or 4 hours)
Federal Income Taxation of Business Entities
Mergers and Acquisitions
Real Estate Transactions
Securities Regulation
Category B Electives
Select from the following to count toward the 9 credits of elective business law programming:
Administrative Law
Antitrust Law
Bankruptcy
Bankruptcy - Business Reorganizations (2 hours)
Special Topics (Doing Business with Indian Tribes – 3 hours)
Employment Law
Environmental Law
Intellectual Property (2-3 hours)
Special Topics (International Ag Trade Law – 3 hours)
Labor Law
Legal Clinic: Transactional
Payment Systems
Special Topics (Nonprofit Corporations – 2-3 hours)
International and Domestic Sales and Leasing
Transnational Negotiations – 2 hours
Workers' Compensation
Workplace Legislation
Up to 3 hours of coursework in the Walton College of Business, approved in advance by the associate dean for academic affairs, or that dean’s designee.
Such additional elective courses as may be approved by the associate dean for academic affairs, or that dean’s designee.
Extracurriculuar Course of Study
Students must attend at least 250 minutes of extracurricular programming sponsored by the business law society or approved in advance by the Associate Dean.
Substitutions
The Associate Dean may designate a Special Topics or other course as a qualifying Business Elective, and in rare cases, with substantial justification, may allow substitution in the Experiential Business, Business Drafting, or Public Company course categories listed above.

Other requirements:

J.D. candidates

Our J.D. students must declare their intention to complete the program before the final semester of their J.D. studies by notifying the Associate Dean. The student must have a cumulative law school GPA of at least 2.75 and a GPA of 3.0 or above in certificate courses at the time he or she declares. In order to receive the certificate upon graduation, the student must successfully complete the required courses, earn a GPA of at least 3.2 in certificate courses, and have a cumulative GPA of 2.75 or above.

J.D. visitors

Those currently earning a J.D. at another ABA accredited law school but visiting here may earn the business law certificate. They must apply to the Associate Dean before their final semester of J.D. studies.  These students can satisfy certificate course credits with courses taken at their own law school, but must take at least 12 credits in certificate courses here, and they must complete the corporate counsel externship program or other approved experiential capstone course here.

A visiting J.D. student must have a cumulative law school GPA of at least 2.75 and a GPA of 3.0 or above in certificate courses at the time he or she applies for the certificate program.  In order to receive the certificate upon graduation, the student must successfully complete the required courses and earn a GPA of 3.2 or above in certificate courses, and have a cumulative GPA of  2.75 or above.

Post-J.D. candidates

Those who have already earned a J.D. degree from an accredited law school in the United States may also earn a certificate. They must apply to the Associate Dean before commencing the program.

For the purposes of this program, post-J.D. candidates can determine their GPA within the program based in part on courses completed elsewhere.  All post-J.D. candidates must fulfill the requirements listed in §5-1505 of the Faculty Policies Manual, at least 12 credits of which must be taken here, and they must complete the corporate counsel externship program or other approved experiential capstone course here.

Post-J.D. candidates must have a cumulative GPA of at least 3.0 from the school that conferred their law degree. To complete the program, they must earn a GPA of 3.2 or above in certificate courses.

LL.M. candidates

Our LL.M. candidates must notify the Associate Dean one month before enrollment in the LL.M. program of their intention to complete the program and must have the approval of the director of the LL.M. program.

For the purposes of this program, LL.M. candidates can determine their GPA within the program based in part on courses completed elsewhere. LL.M. candidates must satisfy all the required courses, at least 12 credits of which must be taken here, and must take the corporate counsel externship or other approved experiential capstone course here.

To declare, an LL.M. candidate must have a cumulative GPA of at least 3.0 from the school that conferred their law degree. To complete the program, they must earn a GPA of at least 3.2 in certificate courses and have a cumulative GPA of 2.75 or above.

General Requirements (Non-J.D./Non-LL.M. Candidates)

Post-baccalaureate students who are not enrolled as J.D. or LL.M. students at the law school (and do not have a J.D. degree) may also earn a certificate. They must apply to the Associate Dean before commencing the program. If they have taken at least 12 credits of the required certificate courses at another ABA-accredited law school, their GPA in those courses must be at least 3.0 to apply. If they have not, their undergraduate cumulative GPA must be at least 3.5. For the purposes of this program, these students can determine their GPA within the program based in part on courses completed elsewhere.

To earn the certificate, these students must complete all the required courses, at least 12 credits of which must be taken here, and they must complete the approved experiential capstone course here. To complete the program, they must also earn a GPA of 3.2 or above in certificate courses.

Learning Objectives

Students who successfully complete the requirements for the Business Law Certificate will:  (1) demonstrate proficiency in explaining and analyzing the legal and regulatory implications of common business matters (2) be able to draft documents relevant to typical business formations and basic transactions and (3) demonstrate an understanding of the role of counsel to businesses, business owners, or business management, as well as an appreciation of the ethical implications of representing each discrete group.